Tirio languages

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New Guinea
Linguistic classification Trans–New Guinea
  • Tirio
Glottolog tiri1259[1]
Map: The Tirio languages of New Guinea
  The Tirio languages
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The Tirio languages are a family of Trans–New Guinea languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross. The moribund language Abom would appear to be the most divergent, sharing only an eighth of its lexicon with the others, which have about 40% in common:

Pronouns are only available for Tirio itself (Makayam).


  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782. 
  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Tirio". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.