Tirrenia is a frazione (parish) of Pisa, Italy with a population of 3,112 inhabitants. Immersed in the pine forest of the Litorale Pisano and the Ligurian Sea (even if the name of the village refers to Tyrrhenian Sea, in Italian Mar Tirreno), Tirrenia is situated in the center of the coast of Tuscany and the Parco Naturale Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli, between Pisa and Livorno.
The city was founded during the fascist regime. Benito Mussolini had this once swamped city transformed into what he called "The Pearl of the Mediterranean Sea." Many architects from all over Italy were called upon to build centres for orphans and houses for the rich. In the 1930s, places for studying film were constructed, and la Pisorno was built to expand the ideal of fascism in Italy and to make propaganda. Today, in the area of Tirrenia near Livorno, the old colonies built by Mussolini for orphans are being restored since they were abandoned after World War II. These colonies will be used as tourist attractions.
In the early 1950s American troops established Camp Darby not far from Tirrenia. Subsequently American families began to rent villas and apartments in Tirrenia. In the mid to late-1950s through the mid-1970s, many of the inhabitants of Tirrenia were American families. The American Beach in Tirrenia (which as of 2013 still exists) was a vacation venue for American and NATO troops stationed throughout Europe. In Calambrone, just south of Tirrenia, the U.S. Army Hospital served the Americans that lived in Tirrenia.
- Sunlight Park
- Luna Park
- Parco Giochi Mattera Gian Carlo
Tirrenia is also home to Camp Darby Army Base, a home to the Southern European Task Force (SETAF).
The town is surrounded by sand hills and lush forests, whose fauna include wild boars.
Tirrenia's economy is mainly based on tourism, more domestic than foreign. Also, fishing is the fruit of profit for citizens of Tirrenia. Tirrenia is also one of the most expensive maritime localities, with rising housing costs.
Tirrenia is above all visited by young people, mostly from Pisa and Livorno, because of the vast quantity of pubs and discos that the town has to offer. The main avenue provides access to camping grounds, seaside establishments, and high-quality, luxurious hotels. Families can attend numerous recreational centers and can visit 5 km worth of beach resorts.
Tirrenia has a Mediterranean and moderate climate even throughout the winter. The climate allows you to take a stroll, ride your bike, or go horseback riding through the vast pine forests.
With the presence of a training center of the Italian National Olympic Committee (CONI), many athletes go to Tirrenia to practise and at times relax by the seashore. Two golf and country clubs can be found, as well as tennis courts, and public pools for any water sports. Additionally, Tirrenia is home to a baseball academy run by Major League Baseball.