Tirta Empul

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Ritual purifying bath at Tirta Empul.
Gate featuring Bhoma at Tirta Empul

Tirta Empul temple (Indonesian: Pura Tirta Empul) is a Hindu Balinese water temple located near the town of Tampaksiring, Bali, Indonesia. The temple compound consists of a petirtaan or bathing structure, famous for its holy spring water, where Balinese Hindus go to for ritual purification. The temple pond has a spring which gives out fresh water regularly, which Balinese Hindus consider to be holy or amritha.[1] Tirta Empul means Holy Spring in Balinese.

Construction of the temple[edit]

Tirta Empul Temple was founded around a large water spring in 962 A.D. during the Warmadewa dynasty (10th-14th centuries). The name of the temple comes from the ground water source named "Tirta Empul". The spring is the source of the Pakerisan river.[2] The temple is divided into three sections: Jaba Pura (front yard), Jaba Tengah (central yard) and Jeroan (inner yard). Jaba Tengah contains 2 pools with 30 showers which are named accordingly: Pengelukatan, Pebersihan and Sudamala dan Pancuran Cetik (poison).[3]

The temple is dedicated to Vishnu, another Hindu god name for the supreme consciousness Narayana.[1] On a hill overlooking the temple, a modern villa was built for President Sukarno's visit in 1954. The villa is currently a rest house for important guests.

Water quality[edit]

For most of the time, Tirta Empul is believed as a source of clean water for ritual bathing. However, according to a Coconut Bali report in 2017, authorities were investigating reports of water pollution and health risk at Tirta Empul from Gianyar.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Pura Tirta Empul". Burari Bali. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. ^ Carroll, Ryan Ver Berkmoes, Adam Skolnick, Marian (2009). Bali & Lombok (12th ed.). Footscray, Vic.: Lonely Planet. p. 202. ISBN 9781742203133. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. ^ Pura Tirta Empul, babadbali.com
  4. ^ "E.coli found in Bali temple water has Gianyar regency focusing on water quality standards". Coconuts Bali. 5 July 2017.


Coordinates: 8°24′59″S 115°18′53″E / 8.41639°S 115.31472°E / -8.41639; 115.31472