Tiruchirappalli railway division

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Tiruchirappalli railway division
Office of the Divisional Headquarters
Reporting markTPJ
LocaleTamil Nadu and Puducherry
Dates of operation16 May 1956; 63 years ago (1956-05-16)–present
PredecessorSouth Indian Railway
Track gauge1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Previous gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electrification25 kV AC, 50 Hz
Length1,026.55 km (637.87 mi)
HeadquartersTiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Tiruchirappalli railway division is one of the six railway divisions of Southern Railway Zone (SR) of India. It has its administrative headquarters located at Tiruchirappalli. It serves most of the districts of delta region and Central Tamil Nadu.[1][2]

History and background[edit]

The history of division dates long back to 1853, when the Great Southern of India Railway Company was established with its headquarters at England and first line was constructed between Negapatnam and Trichinopoly in 1859.[3] Tiruchirappalli railway division was formed while consolidating all other railways of pre-independence era on 16 May 1956. It is the second largest division of the zone having a route length of about 1,026.55 km (637.87 mi),[4] spread over 13 districts of Tamil Nadu.[5] Also this could be the only division in the world that is serving the railway lines of erstwhile South Indian Railway Company and Pondicherry Railway Company developed by the British empire and French empire respectively.[6][7][8]


The division comes under Southern Railway zone, which is headed by General Manager, Shri Vashishta Johri.[9] The division is headed by Divisional Railway Manager (DRM), Atul Kumar Agarwal.[10] It was also once headed by Manjula Rangarajan, a 1983 batch Indian Railway Accounts Service officer, who became the first woman to head the division in its 150–year history.[11][a] The divisional railway office (DRO) is located close to Tiruchirappalli Junction,[12] which is one of the busiest railway junctions in India and second biggest railway station in Tamil Nadu only next to Chennai Central.[13]


The division spans to Tiruchirappalli, Thanjavur, Nagappattinam, Cuddalore,Panruti, Chidambaram Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Ariyalur, Viluppuram, Tiruvarur, and Perambalur districts of Tamil Nadu state and Union Territory of Pondicherry including Karaikal. The total area covered by the division is about 1,026.55 km (637.87 mi), of which BG accounts to 843.26 km (523.98 mi) (including electrified lines) and MG is 183.29 km (113.89 mi), which are all under Gauge conversion.[1]

The 2.8 km (1.7 mi) stretch between Golden Rock and Tiruchirappalli Junction is operating with Triple line, as Both Chord Line and Main Line runs parallel between these stations and for extensive shunting and maintenance purpose due to the proximity of Central Workshop, Diesel loco shed[14] and a newly established electric locomotive trip shed,[15] the entire division has single lines [10] except for Trichy-Villupuram Section of Chord Line which has been completely Upgraded to Double Line Electrified Section (FEDL).


From To Line Gauge
Track Traction Distance
(in km) [b]
Tiruchirappalli Junction Viluppuram Junction Chord line BG Double Diesel/Electric [16] 178
Viluppuram Junction Vellore Town Branch line BG Single Diesel/Electric [16] 152
Viluppuram Junction Puducherry Branch line BG Single Diesel/Electric[16] 37
Tiruchirappalli Junction Viluppuram Junction Main line BG Single Diesel 240
Vridhachalam Junction Cuddalore Port Junction Branch line BG Single Diesel 57
Thanjavur Junction Karaikal Branch line BG Single Diesel 96
Nagapattinam Junction Velankanni Spur line BG Single Diesel 10
Tiruvarur Junction Mayiladuthurai Junction Branch line BG Single Diesel 38
Nidamangalam Junction Mannargudi Spur line BG Single Diesel 14

List of railway stations and towns[edit]

The list includes the stations under the Trichy railway division and their station category.[17][18]

Category of station No. of stations Names of stations
A-1 Category 1

Tiruchirappalli Junction

A Category 5 Thanjavur Junction, Tiruvannamalai, Villupuram Junction, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai Junction,
B Category 9 Thiruvarur Junction,

Nagapattinam Junction, Karaikal, Velankanni, Chidambaram, Cuddalore Port Junction, Ariyalur, Vriddhachalam Junction, Mannargudi,

C Category
(Suburban station)
- -
D Category 1 Nidamangalam Junction
E Category - -
F Category
Halt Station
- -
Total - -

Stations closed for Passengers -


Passenger services[edit]

The division involves in operating about 150 trains per day,[19] of which the 178 km (111 mi) stretch chord line experiences heaviest traffic[20] handling about 30 passenger and 56 express trains passing through everyday in addition to goods train, particularly during night.[21][22]

The division operates about 30 Passenger Reservation System (PRS) centers[23] which includes six post offices at Villianur, Tiruvettipuram, Peravurani, Muthupet, Srirangam, and Ponmalai under the 1,000 PRS scheme, as a part of improving passenger amenities. At the headquarters station, plasma screen electronic display boards, electronic train arrival/departure boards were installed along with a renovated linen room and Integrated Security System to enhance security.[24]

The division became the first in the Southern Railway zone to install multi-coloured LED coach indication boards at Kumbakonam railway station during November 2013 and at Tiruchirappalli junction during January 2014, for Platform.no.1 alone which is supposed to be extended till Platform no.5 and also at about 17 other stations including Viluppuram, Puducherry, Thanjavur, Mayiladuthurai and Mannargudi within the division.[25]

Freight services[edit]

The division has provided team tracks for a number of Industrial establishments[6] adjoining the railway lines utilising the nearby railway stations for their logistics and transports such as Central Workshop (Golden Rock), Cement and gypsum factories (Trichy, Perambalur and Ariyalur),[26][27][28] Lignite industries (Neyveli),[29] Sugar factories (Viluppuram and Vridhachalam),[30] FCI and Civil supplies (Cauvery delta districts)[31][32] also BHEL (Tiruverumbur),[33] and ports (Cuddalore and Karaikal).[27][34][35][36]



The division posted a decent earning of 733.10 crore (US$110 million) during the financial year during 2012-2013 . It carried 42.5 million passenger and earned 233.15 crore (US$34 million) from regular and festival special trains and 449.92 crore (US$65 million), by transporting 9,000,000 metric tons (8,900,000 long tons; 9,900,000 short tons) of freight,[24] of which karaikal port alone contributes about 40% of the revenue.[27]


The division won the overall efficiency medical shield, cleanliness shield and electrical conservation shield for 2012-2013 at the zonal level, in addition to the overall safety shield at the Annual Safety Week Celebrations held at Zonal Railway Training Institute.[24]

Towns and places of interest[edit]

On the chord line were Srirangam,[37] Ariyalur, Vridhachalam Jn and Viluppuram Junction. On the main line and branch lines that traverses through delta districts has a lot of greenery in the form of agriculture and towns of religious importance like Thanjavur, Thiruvarur, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai, Sirkazhi, Chidambaram, Cuddalore,[38] Nagore, Velankanni, Tirunallar.[6][39]

Current projects[edit]

S.No Section Nature of work Status
From Via To
1 Salem Junction Namakkal → Perambalur → AriyalurJayankondam
GangaikondacholapuramMayiladuthurai Junction → Tirunallar
Karaikal New line Survey completed[40]
2 Mayiladuthurai Junction Tiruvarur Junction, Thiruthuraipoondi Junction Karaikkudi Junction Gauge Conversion In progress[41]
3 Thiruthuraipoondi Junction Melamarudur → Vedaranyam Agastiyampalli Gauge Conversion In progress[5]
4 Nagapattinam Junction Tirukuvalai Thiruthuraipoondi Junction New line[c] In progress[42][43][44]
5 Mannargudi TBA Pattukkottai New line In progress[40][45]
6 Tiruchirappalli Junction Thanjavur Junction Karaikal Electrification Survey completed


7 Thanjavur Junction Budalur, Tiruverumbur, Golden Rock[47] Golden Rock[d][48] Doubling-cum-Electrification[1] COMPLETED
8 Thanjavur Junction Ariyalur
New line Survey completed[40]
9 Mayiladuthurai Junction TarangambadiTirunallar Karaikal New line Survey completed[40]
10 Kumbakonam Jayankondam Virudhachalam Junction New Line Survey Completed[49]
11 Peralam Junction Tirunallar Karaikal Restoration In progress[50][51]


The division has a total workforce of about 11,430 in various ranks.[52]



The division manages one Divisional Railway Hospital, one Sub-divisional Railway Hospital and seven Health Units/Polyclinics.[53][54] The Divisional Railway Hospital is at Golden Rock, which was established by the then South Indian Railway Company in 1927, caters exclusively to railway staff of the entire division, has about 297 beds[55][56] including 100 beds in the newly opened surgical ward.[24] Apart from DRH, Golden Rock, the division has 25-bed Sub-divisional Hospital at Villupuram and eight Railway Health Units at Tiruchirappalli Junction, Tiruchirappalli Fort, Srirangam, Vriddhachalam, Tiruvannamalai, Thanjavur, Mayiladuthurai and Tiruvarur.[57][58]


The division oversees the management of railway schools within its jurisdictional limit at Tiruchirappalli (SRWWO Matriculation School at Kallukuzhi and RMHSS/GOC) and Villupuram (RMHSS/VM).[59][60]


Railway Protection Force (RPF)[edit]

About 275 security personnels including 30 commandos,[61] headed by Divisional Security Commissioner, oversee the security arrangements on day-to-day basis round the clock for the entire division which includes protecting railway infrastructure, escorting passengers in trains and operations in all railway stations.[62] Before being put into active service, all security personnel undergo training at Zonal RPF Training Center at Khajamalai, Tiruchirapalli.[63][64]

Government Railway Police (GRP)[edit]

Apart from RPF, the Government Railway Police (GRP), a unit of Tamil Nadu Police also assists in civil and criminal issues at railway stations along with passenger safety. This unit was first established in 1932 with Trichy as its headquarters. Later in 1981, the unit was bifurcated and the headquarters was moved to Chennai.[65] This unit has about 1400 personnel, headed by a Superintendent of Police. The jurisdictional limit starts from Viluppuram in the north to Kuzhithurai railway station in the south and Karaikal in the east to Palani in the west.[66] It has about 16 police stations and 14 out-posts along with mobile units in Nellai express and Rameswaram expresses.[67]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The administrators may change from time to time for administrative reasons.
  2. ^ The remaining stretch are in MG and undergoing gauge conversion to BG.
  3. ^ For all new lines, the route and its length are determined only after the completion of the work, since the planned routes may undergo unexpected changes due to various social and economic conditions.
  4. ^ Also includes a 1.13 km (0.70 mi) bypass line connecting main line and the chord line, without touching Golden Rock railway station.


  1. ^ a b "Jurisdiction map (Engineering)" (PDF). Southern Railway zone. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ Bhandari, Laveesh (2009). Indian states at a glance, 2008–09: Tamil Nadu : performance, facts and figures. Pearson Education. ISBN 978-81-317-2347-0.
  3. ^ Muthiah, S. (2004). Madras Rediscovered. East West Books (Madras) Pvt Ltd. p. 321. ISBN 81-88661-24-4.
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  8. ^ Muthiah, S. (2011). Madras Miscellany: A decade of People, Places and Potpurri. EastWest Books. ISBN 978-93-8003-284-9. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
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  16. ^ a b c "Map of Electrification in IR". Central Organisation for Railway Electrification. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
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External links[edit]