Maanturai Amravaneswarar Temple

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Tirumaanturai Amravaneswarar Temple
Manthurai-1.jpg
Maanturai Amravaneswarar Temple is located in Tamil Nadu
Maanturai Amravaneswarar Temple
Location in Tamil Nadu
Geography
Coordinates10°51′0″N 78°52′0″E / 10.85000°N 78.86667°E / 10.85000; 78.86667Coordinates: 10°51′0″N 78°52′0″E / 10.85000°N 78.86667°E / 10.85000; 78.86667
CountryIndia
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictTrichy
LocationManthurai
Culture
SanctumMaanthuraiyappar, Amravaneswarar (Shiva) Azhagammai , BalaAmbigai (Parvathi)
Temple tankGayathri Nadi
Architecture
ArchitectureDravidian architecture

Manthurai Temple,[1] (மாந்துறை ஆம்ரவனேசுவரர் கோயில்)[2] is a temple dedicated to Hindu deity Shiva, located in Manturai, a village in the outskirts of Trichy, in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams, where the three of the most revered Nayanars (Saivite Saints), Appar and Tirugnana Sambandar have glorified the temple with their verses during the 7th-8th century. The temple has been widely expanded by Chola kings during the 11th century. The temple has three tiered gateway tower and a tank. Since Shiva bestowed a deer with a mango, this place is called Manthurai.

The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 5:30 a.m. to 10 p.m., and twelve yearly festivals on its calendar. The Chittirai festival during the Tamil month of Chittirai (April - May) is celebrated for fifteen days, portraying the various incidents associated with the temple legend. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu.

Legend[edit]

Shiva bestowed a deer with a mango here. Since Shiva bestowed a deer with a mango, this place is called Manthurai (maan is deer in Tamil). Surya, Chandra, Kanvar and Vishnu are said to have worshipped Shiva here. Mrikandu Munivar (father of Markandeya) and a deer are said to have worshipped Shiva under a mango tree, and this legend is illustrated in stucco in the temple. Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, is said to have brought the Gayatri Nadi at the completion of his worship here, and his act of having made the false claim of having seen the top of the column of fire in which Shiva had manifested himself, was absolved here.[3]

Indra, the king of celestial deities, is said to have worshipped Shiva to absolve himself of the sin of having deceived Ahalya, the wife of Gowtama Rishi. Bhrama and Vishnu adorn the niches in the walls of the sanctum. This place has been referred to in Thevaram, the Saiva anthology written by Saint Poet (7th Century AD) Thirugnana Sambanthar and Appar.[4]

Architecture[edit]

The temple has a three-tier Rajagopuram and an outer prakaram(outer courtyard). There are lot of inscriptions in the walls of the temple revealing Chola architecture.[3]

Worship practises and festivals[edit]

Images of horse sculptures outside the main entrance of the temple

The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. Like other Shiva temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Shaivaite community, a Brahmin sub-caste. The temple rituals are performed six times a day; Ushathkalam at 5:30 a.m., Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 10:00 a.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 8:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 10:00 p.m. Each ritual comprises four steps: abhisheka (sacred bath), alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Mathuraiyappar and Azhagammai. The worship is held amidst music with nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument), religious instructions in the Vedas read by priests and prostration by worshippers in front of the temple mast. There are weekly rituals like somavaram and sukravaram, fortnightly rituals like pradosham and monthly festivals like amavasai (new moon day), kiruthigai, pournami (full moon day) and sathurthi.[3] Annabishekam during the Tamil month of Aipassi (October–November), Karthikai Deepan during November–December and Adi Sankaracharya Jayanti in Vaikasi (May–June) are the festivals celebrated in the temple.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Abodes of SHiva - Shivasthalams glorified by Tevaram hymns". Templenet.
  2. ^ ta:மாந்துறை ஆம்ரவனேசுவரர் கோயில்
  3. ^ a b c d "Sri Aamra Vaneswarar temple". Dinamalar. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  4. ^ "campantar tEvAram -2" (PDF). projectmadurai.org. Retrieved 16 July 2011.