Tirumakudal Narsipur

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Sosale Devasthana
Tirumakudal Narsipur
Little Flower School, T.Narasipur
Little Flower School, T.Narasipur
Nickname(s): Temple City
Coordinates: 12°12′36″N 76°54′22″E / 12.21°N 76.906°E / 12.21; 76.906Coordinates: 12°12′36″N 76°54′22″E / 12.21°N 76.906°E / 12.21; 76.906
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Mysore
Elevation 638 m (2,093 ft)
 • Total 9,930
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 571 124
Telephone code 08227
Vehicle registration KA-55
Website [<span%20class="url">.tnarasipuratown.gov.in www.tnarasipuratown.gov.in%20www<wbr/>.tnarasipuratown<wbr/>.gov<wbr/>.in]</span>]
Vidyodaya College
Temple Coracle at T.Narasipura Bypass Junction
Ganapathy Temple near Vidyodaya college

Tirumakudalu Narasipura (Tirumakūḍalu Narasīpura) the temple city of Karnataka, commonly known as T. Narasipura or T.N. Pura,[1] is a panchayat town in Mysore district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The first name refers to the land at the confluence, (trimakuta in Sanskrit(citation needed) at the confluence of the Kaveri, Kabini and Spatika Sarovara (a mythical lake or spring, also named Gupta Gamini). This is the place in South India where Kumbhamela is held every three years. It finds a mention in the Skanda Purana as one of the Trimakuta Kshetras (holy places at the confluence of three rivers).[2] The word 'Narasipura' is the name of the town, which is derived from the famous Gunja Narasimhaswamy temple that is located on the right bank of the Kabini river. Considered as sacred as Prayag (confluence of the Ganges, the Yamuna and the Saraswati at PrayagVaranasi - Kashi in North India), it is also known as Dakshina Kashi The town finds mention in tourism guides, both as a tourist place and a pilgrimage centre.


It is said that Tirumakudalu is where Rishi Agasthiya had visualised it as 'Dakshina Kashi' long ago. When he travelled down South to Narsipura, the town was a thick forest. Enamoured by the confluence of the three rivers - Kaveri, Kapila and the undercurrent of Spatika Sarovara - he wanted to install a Shiva Linga there and asked Hanuman to get him a linga from Kashi. Since the auspicious period lasting three-and-a-three-fourth of a galige was fast approaching and Hanuman failed to get the linga on time, the sage created a sand linga himself and consecrated it. An insulted Hanuman, who returned soon, cut off the top portion of the sand linga consecrated by Agasthya. Ever since this incident a perennial presence of water which is believed to be the water of Ganga can be found in the axed summit of the linga, and the same is offered as thirtha (holy water) to the pilgrims. The linga that Hanuman brought was consecrated a little distance away and is called the Hanuman Linga.

The Someshwara and Markandeshwara lingams in T Narsipur and the Gargeshwara Lingam at Gargeshwari village, along with the Agasthyeshwara and the Hanuman lingam, form the panchalingas of T Narsipur, just like the five lingams at Talakad.

ಕಾವೇರಿ ನದಿಗೆ ಅಡ್ಡಲಾಗಿ ಕಟ್ಟಿರುವ ಬ್ರಿಟಿಷರ ಕಾಲದ ೨.೭ ಕಿ.ಮಿ ಉದ್ದದ ಸೇತುವೆ, ಟಿ.ನರಸೀಪುರ

The legend associated with Gunja Narasimhaswamy Temple is that Narasimha appeared in the dream of a washerman telling him that his idol lay beneath the stone on which he washed clothes everyday. The deity told him to build a temple for him and asked him to look for gold coins beneath the stone which could be used for the construction of the temple. When the washerman expressed his wish to visit (Kashi) Varanasi on a pilgrimage, god told him that the construction of a temple for him, had earned the washerman an additional punya (Merit) of about a coral beed vine seed (Abrus precatorius)) than that which accrues by visiting Kashi. Thus, the name tag Gunja came into usage with name of the God Narasimhaswamy.

Archeological Significance[edit]

T. Narasipura and its surrounding areas are prehistoric sites where many Neolithic sites have been unearthed by the Department of Archeology and Museums of Karnataka. The rich and fertile areas of the taluka cultivated by the Kaveri and its tributaries, has been the source of continued uninhibited human habitation, over the centuries, as verified by the ancient archeological evidences discovered in the area. The ancient sites excavated in the late fifties and up to mid sixties (between 1959 and 1965) on the left bank of the Kaveri near the Bhiksheswara Temple, opposite to Narasipura town, which form part of the Upper Kaveri basin, has established the Neolithic phase in the region claiming a date from the first half of second millennium B.C. which saw the gradual evolution of the peasants into food producing and settled communities responsible for the growth of civilization. The systematic ground excavations comprising burial ground remnants, potteries, graffiti, stone implements, metal objects, beads and bangles, animal remains, human remains, wood remains, etc. examined in depth and in great detail have revealed four cultural phases at the sites, but the most outstanding phase has been deduced as the Neolithic phase.

An authoritative report on the “Excavations at T.Narasipur” by Prof M.Seshadri, Director of Archeology of Mysore published in 1971 provides a detailed insight into the ancient pre-historic civilizational bearings of T. Narasipura town and its surroundings.[3]


As of 2001 India census,[3] Tirumakudalu Narasipura town had a population of 9,930. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. It has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 59%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Tirumakudalu Narasipura town is the headquarters of the Tirumakudalu Narasipura taluk of the same name (with a 2001 Census population of 279,005) within Mysore District. It is 29 km south-east of Mysore, the district headquarters and 130 km from Bangalore, the state capital. The town is well connected with roads, NH 212 bypasses the town, SH79, SH84 will pass inside the town. It is reachable by buses very easily, every 5 mins private buses departures from Mysuru RMC bus stand, hourly bus from Bengaluru Kalasipalya bus stand. Nearest airport is Mysore Airport. Mysore Junction Railway Station and Nanjangud Town Railway Station are the nearest railheads.


It is a place of religious prominence. The Gunja Narasimha Swamy temple on the right bank of the Kaveri river, is a massive complex belonging to the Vijayanagara period. The image of Narasimha in the sanctum sanctorum has a weighing balance with a twig with seed of the Gunja (botanical name-Abrus precatorius) tree and hence is called Gunja Narasimha Swamy. It signifies the importance of the temple vis-a-vis the Kasi pilgrimage center by a measure of the seedgulaganji. It has inscriptions dating from the Krishnadevaraya period with a mélange of Dravidian and Hoysala Architecture and is renowned for the voluminous records in Nagari script. The temple, which is more than 500 years old, was in need of repair and restoration. It was renovated by a donor - Dr N.V.Ramanuja Iyengar - an NRI from Florida, United States at a cost of over Rs 2.5 crores (about US$0.6 million). The Mahakumbhaabhishekam or re-consecration rites of the renovated temple was performed by the donor and his family members from 5 to 9 March 2011.[4]

Apart from the Gunja Narasimha Swamy temple, there are many other temples such as the Agasthyeshwara temple. (Agastya founded and sanctified the Agasthyeshwara temple.This temple complex contains many monuments belonging to the Ganga, Chola, Hoysala and Vijayanagara periods at Thirumakudlu, and also at the Bhiksheswara temple, the Moolasthaneshwara temple and the Anandeswara temple in the surrounding area.[2] In Tirumakudalu the water comes out of the head of shivalinga, devotees receive thirtha from the same

Religious festivals[edit]

The chariot festivals of Gunja Narasimha Swamy and Agastheswara, conducted every year, are attended by Lakhs of people.

Samgama festival in Tirumakudalu every year on the day of Yugadi festival. Lakhs of people visit the fest and take holy dip in the confluence of Kaveri, Kapila and Spatika Sarovara.

The Kumbha Mela of T. Narasipura,[5] of recent origin, since 1989, is an event that occurs once in three years.[6] Organised by the Kumbha Mela Trust under the auspices of senior pontiffs and religious leaders of the State. The congregation is meant to underline the concept of unity in diversity. The Kumbha Mela of Allahabad and Nasik is replicated at T. Narasipura when lakhs of devotees assemble and take a holy dip in the confluence of three rivers. A slice of ancient India unfolds as ochre-clad sadhus join people to take a dip at the confluence of the Kaveri, the Kabini, and the celestial lake "Spatika Sarovara".


Silk Filature at T. Narasipura[7] is a raw silk manufacturing unit. The unit manufactures raw silk yarn and transfer it to its own silk weaving factory located in Mysore. Approximately 1000 Kilograms of cocoons are purchased daily from Govt. Controlled Market depending on needs. Raw silk yarn known as filatures are produced at the factory from the Cocoons The purchase is done on almost a daily basis, as the purchased cocoon cannot be stored for more than 2 to 3 days.

Sand extraction from the river bed is an activity which has caused increased river bank erosion, and frequent public protests are a common feature against this operation.

Rice Mills, which process the paddy (which is grown/cultivated in large amount in this region) to rice.

Nearby places[edit]

Somanathapura, about 14 km from T. Narsipura, a village on the left bank of the river Kaveri is famous for Sri Venugopalaswamy temple and Sri Channakeshava temple built here in 1269 A.D. & 1268 A.D. by the Hoysala king Narasimha with exquisite carvings. These temples are good examples of the Hoysala architecture and are of great architectural and artistic interest.

Talakad an ancient town, situated on the left bank of the river Kaveri, is 45 km South East of Mysore or 5 km from T.Narsipur. Sri Kirtinarayana, Sri Kartikeya, Sri Vaideeswara, Sri Pataleswara and Sri Maraleswara temples are located in this town. Many more monuments lie buried in the barren expanse of sand dunes in the town.

This place is also tagged to the curse called “Curse of Talakad[8] by Alamelamma on the Wodeyar dynasty (erstwhile Maharajas) of Mysore. The curse which has survived the folklore of last four hundred years is known thus:

-May Malangi turn into an unfathomed whirlpool

-May Talakad turn into a barren expanse of sand

-May the Rajas of Mysore not have children for all time to eternity!

Sosale is another important religious centre because of the famous Vyasraja mutt of the Madhva sect established there by Vysarajathirtha. It is located about 3 km from T. Narsipura.

Noted people[edit]

  • N. Anantarangachar - One of the most prolific Kannada literature scholars of the 20th century. He was born in Tirumakudalu Narasipura in 1906.
  • T. Chowdiah - The illustrious violin maestro in the early part of 20th century who was the winner of several state and national prestigious awards, excelled as a solo musician. His experiments with 7-stringed violin are legendary.He is credited with many compositions in Kannada, Telugu and Sanskrit under the pen name "Trimakuta" (the Sanskrit name for his home town Tirumakudalu Narasipura. He is the Grand father of great Kannada movie artist and politician Ambarish.
  • S Siddaramaiah, Chief Minister of Karnataka
  • Ambarish (Mr.Amaranath) - Noted Film actor and Member of Parliament and former Minister for State of Government of India. Grandson of illustrious virtuoso vilonist T. Chowdiah.
  • Vatal Nagaraj, Member of Karnataka Legislative Assembly and a very active pioneering promoter of Kannada language movement in the state.

Government First Grade College,T.Narasipura[edit]

The college is affiliated to University of Mysore.(Accredited by NAAC with B Grade) one of the best institutions of Mysore region is situated in the T. Narasipura town established in the year 2007, more than 850 students. Under the guidance of dedicated teaching and non-teaching staff and the able stewardship of the head of the institution, learning for students is not only a fun filled activity but also meaning of their life. With first-class faculty teaching at all levels and a flexible curriculum that supports students’ intellectual curiosity and independence, the College provides students with the insights and values of education, as well as the skills and flexibility they will need to meet the challenges of the 21st-century workplace.

   The college offer B.A, (HEP, HES, HEK) B.Com, B.Sc (P.M.Cs and P.C.M )  and B.B.A  courses. The Government .First Grade College, T. Narasipura, Library one of the best College Libraries. (The Library has computerized)  It started its function with a vision to serve the information needs of its users mainly holds books and Journals to Arts, Commerce, Management and Science and Allied subjects.
   The Library has rich collection of books is well utilized by Staffs and Students. Library works with vision of the Institute honoring the commitment to spread knowledge. The library is dedicated for the welfare of students and staff. Librarians are the navigators of knowledge.
         Physical Education and Sports Department has been given more Important to Develop the sports persons in Physical Fitness Programme, Yoga and other Rural Sports activities like Kabaddi,Kho -Kho, and Volleyball game has been developed lot. The Department has introduced all 15 Major Games, Athletics events and other combative sports events for both men and women section. Regularly we use to conduct Mysore University programme like Volleyball Nodal center for enhancement sports skills among the college students. The student those who were participate in this programme will be honoured and felicitated by the Principal and the staff members with the specific remuneration extended by the university of Mysore.


  1. ^ http://www.mysore.nic.in/photographs/tnp_gp_vill_bnd.pdf Gram Panchayat and Taluk Boundary Map
  2. ^ a b "Mysore". karnatakaholidays.com. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Sri Gunjanarasimhaswamy temple at T. Narsipur to be restored". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 28 October 2007. 
  5. ^ "The Hindu : Kumbh Mela begins at T. Narsipur". hinduonnet.com. 
  6. ^ Kumar, R. Krishna (15 January 2013). "The Hindu : States / Karnataka : Preparations on for regional version of Kumbh mela". thehindu.com. Chennai, India. Retrieved 15 January 2013. began around 20 years ago and is held once in three years. 
  7. ^ http://ksicsilk.com/tnarasipurafactory.htm
  8. ^ ^ The Curse of Talakad- A Legend in History by Sashi Sivaramakrishna; ISBN 81-291-0836-4, Published by Roopa & Co is a recent welcome addition on this subject which has been seldom written about

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