Tiruppur

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Tiruppur
திருப்பூர்
Tiruppur old bus stand
Tiruppur old bus stand
Nickname(s): Knit Wear Capital of India, Textile City
Tiruppur is located in Tamil Nadu
Tiruppur
Tiruppur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°07′N 77°20′E / 11.11°N 77.34°E / 11.11; 77.34Coordinates: 11°07′N 77°20′E / 11.11°N 77.34°E / 11.11; 77.34
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
Region Kongu Nadu
District Tiruppur
Government
 • Mayor A. Visalakshi
 • Corporation Commissioner Asokan[1]
Area[2]
 • City 159.6 km2 (61.6 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City 444,352
 • Rank 5
 • Density 2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
 • Metro[4] 962,982
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 6416xx
Telephone code +91-421
Vehicle registration TN-39, TN-42
Website tiruppurcorporation.tn.gov.in

Tiruppur or Tirupur([t̪ɪɾɨppuːr] About this sound Tirupur.ogg ) is a city in the Kongu Nadu region of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.[5] Tiruppur is the administrative headquarters of Tiruppur district and the fifth largest urban agglomeration in Tamil Nadu. Located on the banks of Noyyal River, it has been ruled at different times, by the Early Pandyas, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Mysore Kingdom and the British. It is situated at the center of the South Indian Peninsula, about 450 kilometres (280 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Coimbatore.

Tiruppur is administered by municipal corporation which was established in 2008 and the total area of the corporation is 159.6 km2 divided into 60 wards. The total population of the city as per the 2011 census is 444,352. Tiruppur is a part of the Tiruppur constituency that elects its member of parliament.

Tiruppur is a major textile and knit wear hub contributing to 90% of total cotton knit wear exports from India.[6] The textile industry provides employment to over six lakh people and contributed to exports worth 200 billion (US$3.1 billion) in 2014-15.[7][8]

Etymology[edit]

The name Tiruppur is said to have emerged during the Mahabharata era. According to history, the cattle herds of Pandavas were stolen by thieves and the same was recaptured by Arjuna's forces resulting in the name "Tiruppur" (Thiruppu : to turn and oor : place in Tamil) meaning "place where they were returned back".[9]

History[edit]

Some of the earliest Chola stone carvings mentioned "Kanchi Maanadhi" (the Noyyal River) and the fertile sand that it deposited on its banks.

Geography[edit]

Tiruppur is located at 11°06′27″N 77°20′23″E / 11.1075°N 77.3398°E / 11.1075; 77.3398.[10] It has an average elevation of 295 metres (967 feet). Tiruppur is situated on the banks of the Noyyal River.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Tiruppur had a population of 444,352 with a sex-ratio of 955 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[13] A total of 48,802 were under the age of six, constituting 24,818 males and 23,984 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 5.47% and .06% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 78.17%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[13] The city had a total of 124,617 households. There were a total of 207,358 workers, comprising 490 cultivators, 721 main agricultural labourers, 3,492 in house hold industries, 191,882 other workers, 10,773 marginal workers, 89 marginal cultivators, 74 marginal agricultural labourers, 470 marginal workers in household industries and 10,140 other marginal workers.[14]

Climate[edit]

The climate in Tiruppur is tropical with the mean maximum and minimum temperatures varying between 35 to 22 °C (95 to 72 °F). The summer occurs during the months March, April and May when the weather is hot and dry. The maximum temperature during the summer months will be around 35 °C (95 °F) and the minimum temperature will be around 29 °C (84 °F). The monsoon months are the months of June, July and August. These months are mainly characterized by mild showers and a reduced temperature. The post monsoon or winter months are September, October, November, December and January. These months generally have a cool climate and temperatures rarely rise beyond a maximum of around 29 °C (84 °F). The minimum temperature during this season will be around 24 °C (75 °F).[15]

Due to the presence of the Palghat gap, the city receoves rainfall from the South-west monsoon in the months from June to August. After a humid September, the North-east monsoon brings rains starts from October which lasts till early November. The average annual rainfall is around 700 mm (28 in) with the North East and the South West monsoons contributing to 47% and 28% respectively to the total rainfall. The soil is predominantly black, which is suitable for cotton cultivation, but it also has some red loamy soil. Tirupur falls under the Class III/IV seismic zone, having experienced a 6.0 Richter scale earthquake in 1900.

Climate data for Tirupur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27
(81)
30
(86)
33
(91)
34
(93)
33
(91)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
41
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 24
(75)
27
(81)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(86)
23
(73)
25
(77)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
22
(72)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
19
(66)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
21.2
(70.2)
Record low °C (°F) 15
(59)
17
(63)
20
(68)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18
(64)
16
(61)
12
(54)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14
(0.55)
12
(0.47)
16
(0.63)
58
(2.28)
71
(2.8)
43
(1.69)
58
(2.28)
39
(1.54)
66
(2.6)
164
(6.46)
138
(5.43)
39
(1.54)
718
(28.27)
Source: Tiruppur district collectorate
Tirupur
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
14
 
 
24
18
 
 
12
 
 
27
19
 
 
16
 
 
29
21
 
 
58
 
 
28
23
 
 
71
 
 
30
23
 
 
43
 
 
23
21
 
 
58
 
 
25
22
 
 
39
 
 
23
22
 
 
66
 
 
24
22
 
 
164
 
 
23
22
 
 
138
 
 
24
21
 
 
39
 
 
22
16
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Tiruppur district collectorate[16]

Municipal administration and politics[edit]

Tiruppur city is administered by Tiruppur Municipal Corporation headed by a Mayor. Tiruppur Municipality was established in 1917 and was upgraded to a Municipal Corporation in 2008. Tirupur has been split into Tirupur North and Tirupur south assembly constituencies. Tiruppur city is part of Tirupur (Lok Sabha constituency), which was created during the delimination in 2008 consisting parts of erstwhile Coimbatore, Gobichettipalayam and Palani constituencies.[17]

Economy[edit]

Tiruppur is also known as the "knitwear capital" of India, accounting for 90% of India's cotton knitwear export.[18] It has spurred up the textile industry in India for the past three decades. It contributes to a huge amount of foreign exchange in India. In the Fiscal year 2013, exports were 17,500.[19] The city provides employment to around 400, 000 workers, with the average salary per worker being around 9,000 per month.[19]

Special Industrial Parks have been developed to support the textile industry. Nethaji Apparel Park, Tirupur Export Knitwear Industrial Complex, SIDCO Industrial Estate and J.S.Apparel Park are a few that are operational. Nethaji Apparel Park[20] has 53 companies manufacturing knitwear for exports.[21][22] The NAP presently provides employment to 15,000 people and generates export revenue of Rs. 15 billion from the apparels produced in it.[23][24][25] Tirupur Export Knitwear Industrial Complex was established in 1992 and has 189 sheds built over a 4200 square feet area.[18] Some of the world's largest retailers including C&A, Switcher SA, Walmart, Primark, Oviesse, Switcher, Polo Ralph Lauren, Diesel, Tommy Hilfiger, M&S, FILA, H&M, Reebok import textiles and clothing from Tirupur.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Tiruppur has a good educational infrastructure. The city itself has only a few engineering colleges, but the proximal areas and nearby cities of Coimbatore and Erode augurs well.

Healthcare[edit]

There are 7 Government hospitals at the taluk level with a total number of 896 beds and a total of 43 Primary Health Centers[26] in the rural areas[27][28]

Environmental issues[edit]

Tiruppur, like any other industrial town, faces its share of environmental pollution complaints.[29][30] As per the directive of Madras High Court,[31] zero liquid discharge (ZLD) should be strictly followed in Tiruppur knitwear cluster during the effluent treatment process. Failure to implement this order, led to a court ordered closure of all dyeing units and bleaching units.[32] In turn, Tirupur Exporters Association made a representation to the Government that export revenues of 11 billion were lost and about 100,000 labours lost their job due to a closure of dyeing units in Tirupur.[33][34] A

s per a report by CRISIL, prepared in February 2011, ensuring Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD), will primarily affect the operational costs of dyeing and bleaching units, increasing it by 7% to 10%.[35] Eventually, by complying with the above order, Tiruppur became the first textile cluster in India to achieve Zero Liquid Discharge in their units.[36] Both the Common Effluent Treatment Plant and Individual Effluent Treatment Plant are in place to treat effluents.[37][38] Farmers in Tiruppur and its hinterland, who have faced the brunt of the indiscriminate discharge of industrial effluents into the water bodies for the past many decades, are yet again becoming concerned.[39] Untreated effluents, mostly containing dyes and chemicals in high concentration, are now seen let off clandestinely once again in large quantities through storm water drains into water bodies or into open areas with the discharge mostly happening during the early morning hours or during rain.[39][40]

Transport[edit]

The following are the major highways connecting Tiruppur:

Tiruppur is well connected by moffusil bus services to all major towns and cities across Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The city has two major bus stands Old bus stand and New Bus stand.[41] The nearest airport is Coimbatore International Airport (45 km) which has regular flights[42] from/to various domestic destinations like Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Mumbai, Pune and international destinations like Sharjah and Singapore. The Tiruppur railway station falls on the fully electrified and double tracked Salem - Coimbatore broad gauge line (laid in 1893) and is well connected by trains.

Culture[edit]

Kumaran memorial - near railway station

Major temples in Tiruppur were built during the reign Cholas and Pandyas. Sukreeswarar Temple, is a 10th-century temple situated at the outskirts of Tiruppur is considered one of the four 'Sirpa Sthalangal' in Kongu region. An epigraphic study conducted studies at the temple reported that though the temple was built by Pandyas, different inscriptions state that the place was used by tribals to offer poojas to 'Shivalingam' as early as 5th century.[43]

The Town Hall, new railway over-bridge, Tiruppur Kumaran memorial, corporation memorial pillar are some of the landmarks in the Tiruppur city. Some of the common tourist locations outside the city are Sivanmalai, Nanjarayan Tank, Koolipalayam wetlands, Konganagiri hill hock temple, Andipalayam lake, Thirumurugan poondi, Tiruppur Tirupathi temple, Avinashiappar temple and Arulmigu Vazhai Thottathu Ayyankovil.

Notable People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Commissioner, Tiruppur Corporation". tiruppur corporation website. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "About Corporation of Tirupur". Corporation of Tirupur. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "About Tirupur Corporation". 
  6. ^ "The New Developments in Tirupur" (PDF). Fairwear Foundation. 
  7. ^ "Knitwear exports from Tirupur cross Rs 20,000 crore". The Economic Times. 
  8. ^ "City Guide: Tirupur". India Catalog.Com. Retrieved 24 September 2009. 
  9. ^ "History of Tiruppur". Government of India. 
  10. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tiruppur". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 24 September 2009. 
  11. ^ Census of India,series 1,Primary Census Abstract,General Population Part B(i),pp.435;census of India 1991. Government of India. 2001. 
  12. ^ "TamilNadu Towns, Page 22" (PDF). census India. 2011. 
  13. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 Jan 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Tiruppur(05904)". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 Jan 2014. 
  15. ^ "Overview". Must see India. Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "Temperature and Rainfall chart" (PDF). Tiruppur district collectorate. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  17. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu: Election Commission of India. Retrieved 11 October 2008. 
  18. ^ a b "Brief Industrial Profile of Tirupur District" (PDF). http://www.dcmsme.gov.in/sido/sisibr.htm. Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Industries, Government of India. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  19. ^ a b "Textile hub Tirupur back on resurgence path". The Economic Times. 22 November 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  20. ^ "Nethaji Apparel Park". Tamil Nadu Government Website. Tamil Nadu Government. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  21. ^ "About TEA". Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  22. ^ "Apparel park in Tirupur". Financial express. 
  23. ^ "Netaji Apparel Park project is a grand success". The Hindu. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  24. ^ "Marine discharge facility for dyeing units hailed". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  25. ^ "Industries in Tirupur". Tirupur corporation. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  26. ^ "Department of Public Health & Preventive Medicine". www.tnhealth.org. Tamil Nadu Government. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  27. ^ "List of Government Hospitals". tiruppur.tn.nic.in. Tamil Nadu Government. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  28. ^ "List of Private Hospitals". tiruppur.tn.nic.in. Tamil Nadu Government. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  29. ^ "None". The Judgement Information System. High Court of Madras. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  30. ^ "None". www.indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  31. ^ "Tirupur knitwear cluster asked to abide by court directives on pollution". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  32. ^ "Along the banks of Noyyal, farmers in grief". The Times of India. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  33. ^ "dyeing units hailed". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  34. ^ "Dyeing units asked not to work". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  35. ^ "Discharge norms compliance to impact Tirupur-based textile units" (PDF). www.crisil.com. CRISIL. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  36. ^ "Tirupur textile units achieve zero liquid discharge". Business Standard. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  37. ^ "Overview, Technical, Business and Management issues of CETP s – Focus on Tanneries & Textiles in Tamilnadu" (PDF). www.igep.in. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  38. ^ "Tiruppur CETP Status" (PDF). www.igep.in. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  39. ^ a b "Effluent discharge into water bodies continues in Tirupur". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  40. ^ "TNPCB issues notice to CETP after effluent discharge noticed". The Hindu. 20 April 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  41. ^ "Bus Stand". Tiruppur corporation. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  42. ^ "Coimbatore - Fastest Growing City in India". Coimbatore.com. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  43. ^ "Sukreeswarar Temple". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 1 October 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 

External links[edit]