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A junction
Tirur Railway Junction, January 2016
Tirur is located in Kerala
Location in Kerala, India
Tirur is located in India
Tirur (India)
Tirur is located in Asia
Tirur (Asia)
Tirur is located in Earth
Tirur (Earth)
Coordinates: 10°54′N 75°55′E / 10.9°N 75.92°E / 10.9; 75.92Coordinates: 10°54′N 75°55′E / 10.9°N 75.92°E / 10.9; 75.92
Country India
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipal Council
 • ChairpersonAlathiparambil Naseema
 • Total30.55 km2 (11.80 sq mi)
2 m (7 ft)
 • Total56,058
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0494
Vehicle registrationKL-55
Conolly Canal at Tirur
Tirur town
A countryside in Tirur

Tirur is a Town and municipality in Malappuram district in the Indian state of Kerala spread over an area of about 15 square kilometres (5.8 sq mi). It is one of the 12 municipalities in Malappuram district and is situated 26 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Malappuram and 52.5 kilometres (32.6 mi) south of Kozhikode, on the Shoranur–Mangalore section of the MangaloreChennai railway line. Tirur Railway Station is the oldest Railway station in Kerala. Tirur is a major regional trading centre for electronics, mobile phones and other gadgets. Tirur is the birthplace of Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan. Another prominent Malayalam poet, Vallathol Narayana Menon was born at Mangalam, which is located in the coastal area of Tirur. Tirur is also well known for its betel leaf, popularly known as Tirur Vettila, which is exported to North India and Pakistan. The town has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 ft 7 in). Tirur is the headquarters of the Malayalam Research Centre.

Suburbs of Tirur[edit]

  • Payyanangadi
  • Thalakadathur
  • Vailathur
  • Pookayil
  • Moochikkal
  • Moolakkal/Tanoor
  • Ezhur
  • Pullur
  • Thuvakkad
  • kalpakanjeri
  • BP Angadi
  • Alathiyur
  • Pariyapuram
  • Vettom

Health Care[edit]

  • 1 Tirur District Hospital is one of the Major Govt Hospital in Malappuram District
  • 2 Regional Cancer Center Tirur District Hospital is a Cancer institute Under construction in Tirur
  • 3 Mission Hospital Tirur
  • 4 kalliyath Hospital Tirur
  • 5 The shihab Thangal cooperative Hospital and Research center Tirur
  • 6 Imbichivava memorial Cooperative hospital and Research center Tirur
  • 7 City Hospital Tirur
  • 8 Al Noor hospital Tirur
  • 9 Tirur nursing home Hospital
  • 10 Neeli Hospital Tirur
  • 11 PKH Hospital Tirur
  • 12 Rayhan Eye Hospital and Lasic Clinic
  • 13 Trinity evey hospital Tirur
  • 14 Almanara eye hospital Tirur
  • 15 Aster Mims emergency Department Tirur Nursing home
  • 16 Daya hospital Tirur ( Tanur)


As of 2011 India census,[2] Tirur had a population of 56,058, of which 48% are male and 52% female. As of 2011, the literacy rate of Tirur is 96.13%. In Tirur, 14% of the population is under six years of age.


Tirur was part of the Kingdom of Tanur (Vettattnad) in medieval times and the site of part of the first railroad laid by the British in Kerala. Vettathunad, also known as the Kingdom of Tanur, was a coastal city-state kingdom in the Malabar Coast. It was ruled by the Vettathu Raja, who was a dependent of the Zamorin of Calicut. Vettathunad was known for its trade relationship with the Arab merchants in the medieval period. The Kshatriya family of the Vettathu Rajas became extinct with the death of the last Raja on 24 May 1793. [3] It was a part of the Malabar District during the British rule.

The 16th-century poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan, who is considered to be the father of the Malayalam language literature, lived in the town. Thunchan Parambu in Tirur is highly venerated and its sand is believed to be sacred. The sand is used in Vidyāraṃbhaṃ, especially on Vijayadashami. Many mathematicians of Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics lived in Tirur, like Parameshvara and Nilakantha Somayaji among others. The train of Wagon tragedy started its journey from here.

Civic administration[edit]

Tirur Municipality Election 2020[4][edit]

S.No. Party Name Party symbol Number of Councillors
01 UDF UDF Kerala official logo.svg 17
02 LDF LDF LOGO.svg 10
03 BJP BJP election symbol.svg -783x768.png 01
04 Rebels 10

Places and events of importance[edit]

Thunchan Parambu[edit]

The birthplace of Thunjathu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan, the father of Malayalam language. The famous "Thunchan Utsavam" is held here every year in the first week of February. During this festival many literary luminaries, singers and classical dancers gather here.

Thunchan Parambu is located in Annara, 1.5 km away from Tirur railway station. A memorial for the great poet has been built at Thunchan Parambu, where a week-long literary mela is organised in the last week of December. This place is sacred for all who speak Malayalam.

Entrance to Thunchath Smarakam

Thunchan Paramba is a hallowed ground where hundreds of children are introduced into the world of writing, soon after infancy, when they first trace the letters of the Malayalam alphabets in sand taken from that revered spot which was Ezhuthachan's home. People in thousands reach Thunchan Parambu with their children, to initiate them into the world of letters on the Vijayadasami day. Children are made to write on the white sands of Thunchan Parambu with their fingers. Also young poets of Kerala come on that day to offer their first poem. A Nux vomica (കാഞ്ഞിരം) tree, the leaves of which are not bitter, is a surprise at the Thunchan Parambu.

Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan Malayalam University Tirur[edit]

Kerala's Chief Minister Oommen Chandy inaugurated the Thunchathu Ezhuthachan Malayalam University at Tirur Thunchan Parambu on 1 November 2012. There are seven MA courses in the Malayalam language, linguistics, creative writing, culture and traditional studies, mass communication and journalism, local self governance and environmental studies. The second intake of students were inducted on 18 August 2014.

Thirunavaya/Mamankam Festival[edit]

Thirunavaya is a small town in Tirur. The historically important land of ancient Mamankam, Thirunavaya is 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south of Tirur on the banks of Bharathapuzha River.

The area has three temples dedicated to the Trimurtis, the gods of creation, sustenance and annihilation of life, according to the Hindu belief strewn on the banks of the Bharathapuzha. The well-known vedic Vidyalaya Othanmar Madom of ancient times, is on the bank of Bharathapuzha, near the Siva Temple. This madom was a centre of Aryanisation through Sanskrit and Vedic education, as Thirunavaya was believed to be the main centre where Parasurama brought and settled Brahmins.

The Palace (Mana) of Puranic fame Azhvanchery Thamprakkal is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of Thirunnavaya.

Chandanakavu, the birthplace of the great 16th-century Sanskrit poet and grammarian Melapthur Narayana Bahttathiri, is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Tirur on the Thirunnavaya-Kottakal road. A memorial has been built there for the poet, where small children are brought for their formal initiation into learning on Vijayadasami day, as in Thunjan parambu.

Navamunkuda Temple, believed to be constructed by Nava yogis on the right bank of Bharathapuzha, is an important Vishnu temple in Kerala. Pitru Tharpanam is a ritual, held here on the day of Amavasi in Karkidakam (July–August). Balikarma is offered by people in their wet clothes, after a dip in the river, for the salvation of sins and to appease the manes.[clarification needed What does "mane" mean here?]

The martial arts festival Kalripayattu is conducted during summer on the sands of dry Bharathapuzha. The well known Changampalli Kalari, is near Thirunavaya.

During the second week of February a Sarvodaya Mela is conducted in Thirunavaya where the Gandhians of Kerala used to assemble. The Santikudeeram, established by the nationalist leader K. Kelappan, is the centre of this mela gathering.

Wagon Tragedy[edit]

Wagon Tragedy Memorial, Tirur

The Wagon Tragedy was the death of a large number of prisoners on 10 November 1921 in the Malabar region of Kerala state of India. The prisoners had been taken into custody following unrest known as Moplah rebellion in Malabar, and their deaths through apparent negligence discredited the British Raj and generated sympathy for the Indian independence movement.

Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and the national leaders of India, there was a widespread and peaceful uprising against the British colonial rule of India. After a series of events that culminated in violent clashes between police and protesters, Martial law was introduced and the rebellion mostly crushed. The British packed 70 prisoners into a railway goods wagon at Tirur railway station to be sent to the Coimbatore jails. By the time they reached their destination 61 of the prisoners had died from suffocation.

Places of worship[edit]

Garudan Kavu[edit]

Situated 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from Tirur, Garudan Kavu is the only temple in India dedicated to Garuda, the bird deity. This Garuda Temple is about 1800 years old.[5] Worshipping here is mainly meant for easy recovery from diseases and for relief from serpent poisons. All Sundays are important here especially the 41 days of Mandalakalam (from 16 November to 28 December). It is said that the legendary Perumthachan was the architect of this Garuda statue in the temple. Permuthachan built the temple for the Raja of the Kingdom of Tanur (Vettathunad). A rare ecological practice Live snakes are offered before Lord Garuda here. People affected by snakes arrive at the temple with live snakes caught in earthen pots covered by cotton clothes. When the temple is open from the gopura the pot is thrown to the temple. The snake will stand up aggressively after this event. The shanthi of the temple will come with Garuda Panchaksari manthra theertha and anoint the arrived snake with it. Then the snake will crawl to the south and is seen no more thereafter. It has become the food for Garuda as it were! It is a miracle that the temple or its neighbourhood does not get infested with poisonous snakes gradually as could logically be deduced. There is no story of any body receiving a snake bite from the temple for hundreds of years, in spite of this strange practice from devotees.

Alathiyur Hanuman Kavu Temple[edit]

Alathiyoor is a small town in Tirur. The Alathiyur Hanuman Kavu temple is about 8 km from Tirur railway station. Thousands of pilgrims from all over India come here to worship lord Hanuman. This is supposedly the place where Lord Rama described Sita, and gave Hanuman his ring to authenticate Hanuman as his messenger, and sent him off to visit Sita in Lanka, where she was being held captive by Ravana. This is supposedly the spot where Hanuman took a huge leap towards Lanka. The speciality of this temple is that Lakshmana, Lord Rama's brother, has a separate Sanctum. It seems that Lord Rama asked Lashmana to leave the room when he was describing Sita and giving Hanuman his ring. Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana were inseparable, and so this temple is sort of unique in that they are not together. It is believed that alathiyoor Perumthikovil ('Hanuman Kavu') Temple was erected and consecrated by Sage Vasishta, who is prominent among the Saptarshis, some 3000 years ago.[6]

Chamravattom Sastha Temple[edit]

Chamravattom is a small town in Tirur. Chamravattom Sastha Temple is located 15 km away from Tirur, on the banks of Bharathapuzha. It is said that the legendary Perumthachan was the architect of this temple.[7] The deity is on level with the river bed, lower than the sanctum sanctorum. In the monsoon season, the temple gets drowned by floods. This is considered as the holy bath for the deity.

Triprangode Kalasamharamurthy temple[edit]

Triprangode Siva temple is also nearby which has historical importance too. The legend behind the temple is that Markandeyan, a very young devotee of Lord Siva, who had his parents to take care of, was scheduled to die at a very young age. When lord Yama came to take his soul away, Markandeyan approached Lord Vishnu (at the Navamukundan temple), to request him to save him from death. Lord Vishnu had to turn him down, and direct him to request Lord Siva instead. So off Markandeya goes to Lord Siva. He is said to have embraced a Siva Linga at the Triprangode temple, and Lord Siva is said to have killed Yama, the messenger of death, at this spot.[8] There are a total of five Siva lingas at this temple. The first being the linga that Markandeyan embraced, the next three being the steps that Lord Siva took on the way to killing Lord Yama, and the last being the extremely angry Lord Siva, immediately after killing Lord Yama.

Vyrankodu Bhagavathi Temple[edit]

Vyrankodu Bhagavathi temple is another famous temple Tirur (approximately 8 km away). The Theeyatt (jumping into fire) is the well known festival here. Vyrankottu Bhagavthi is worshipped as 'Desathin Devatha' (Goddess of the land) of this part of Ernadu. The Bhagavathi's thattakam (territory) extends from Kuttipuram to Kadalundi, Ferok. She is considered to be very powerful and is worshipped by all people irrespective of caste & creed. Another smaller Bhagavathi Thara (Temple of Goddess) considered to be the sister of Vyrankodu Bhagavathi is situated in Kuttur. The annual festival (Bhagavthi attu) of this temple attracts many people.

Trikkandiyoor Maha-Siva Temple[edit]

One of the major pilgrimage centre in Tirur is the Trikkandiyoor Siva Temple situated at Trikkandiyoor. Several other temples are also there surrounding this Temple such as Ambalakulangara temple, Ayyappan Kavu and Krishna temple. Vaavulsavam is the major festival associated with Trikkandiyoor Temple.Another famous Shiva temple in the same name is there at Mavelikkara. The temple is known as Kandiyoor Mahadevar Temple. The worshipers and devotees call Trikandiyoor Temple for this Temple also.

Bhayankavu Bhagavathi Temple[edit]

Bhayankavu Bhagavathi Temple' is a Bhagavathi temple on the Alathiyoor Pallikadavu Road in Kavilakkad, Purathur, Tirur.(about 16 km from Tirur town)

The temple is dedicated to the goddess Bhagavathi.

Puthiyangadi Masjid[edit]

Puthiyangadi is a small town in Tirur and is considered sacred by Muslims. The Puthiyangadi Mosque/Jaaram is very famous and every year, in the month of January, the 'Pudiyangadi Nercha festival is held at this mosque. Several elephants line up in the famous procession from Tirur to Pudiyangadi, during the festival.

Tirur is also famous for the harmony among different religions. Its secular nature has attracted immigration from various areas in the south of India.

Proposed Tirur Municipal Corporation[edit]

A view of Tirur town

A combination of Tirur and its suburban towns, which forms a part of the Malappuram metropolitan area, forms one of the highly urbanised areas in Kerala . The proposed Tirur Municipal corporation is a merger of the following local bodies with high urban qualities:[9]

  • Tirur (Municipality)
  • Tanalur (Census town and suburb of Tirur)
  • Cheriyamundam (Census town and suburb of Tirur)
  • Ponmundam (Census town and suburb of Tirur)
  • Thalakkad (Census town and suburb of Tirur)
  • Niramaruthur (Suburban village of Tirur and a special grade Panchayat with urban features)
  • Vettom (Suburban village of Tirur and a special grade Panchayat with urban features)
Area 91.74 km2 (35.42 sq mi)
Population (2011) 2,54,871
Density of population (2011) 2,778/ 1 km2 (0.39 sq mi)
Taluk Tirur
City Tirur
Assembly Constituency Tirur, Tanur
Loksabha Constituency Ponnani
Vehicle Registration No. KL-55


Koottayi hanging bridge

The Tirur-Koottayi road ends at Padinjarekara, better known as Padinjarekara Azhimugham, where the Bharathapuzha and Tirur River s converge to drain into the sea. This place is noted for migratory birds, gathering in their thousands during February - April. This beautiful beach is very near Tirur and is also famous for its astonishing scenic beauty. This beach has long been a favourite destination for both domestic and international travellers as well as nature lovers. Most of the travelers to Malappuram district and pilgrims who are heading to the Kadambuzha Baghavathi Temple and other temples stay here.


Adjacent locations[edit]

On Tanur Route

  • Thazhepalam, Naduvilangady, Pookkayil and Peruvazhiyambalam
  • Thanaloor, Moochikkal, Meenadathoor, Valiyapadam and Vattathani
  • K.Puram PO, Moolakkal and Nadakkavu

On Kootayi Route

  • Poongottukulam, Thunjan paramb, Edrikadavu And Murivazhikkal
  • Paravanna, Kanjirakutti, Vidya nagar, TMG College, Malayalam University, Vakkad, Padiyam, Masterpadi, Asanpadi, Kothaparambu, Pallikulam, Kootayi

On Kottakkal Route

  • Meeshappadi, Iringavoor and Kuruppinpadi
  • Pulikkapparamba Makham, Poozhikkuthu, Cheravannur and Jappanpadi
  • Valavannur, Kadungathukundu, Eengengelpadi and Mayyerichira
  • Kavumpadi, Katharapadi, Kurukathani and Kozhichena
  • Thalakkadathur, Vailathur, Ederikkode and Changuvetti

On Ponnani Route

  • BP Angadi, Alathiyoor, Alingal and Chamravattom
  • Mangalam, Koottayi, Kavilakkad, Purathur and Thirurnavaya

Educational institutions[edit]

There are many schools both private and govt. and 2 colleges & polytechnic in Tirur.

Name Type Sector
Thunchath Ezhuthachan Malayalam University,[10] Tirur University Govt.
Thunchan Memorial Govt. College,[11] Vakkad Post Grad. College Govt.
Ansar Arabic College(AAC), Valavannur[12] KADUNGATHUKUND Post Grad. College Aided.
SSUS Regional Centre Tirur,[13] Thazhethara Post-grad. College Private
Cochin College of Engineering and Technology, Athippatta-Valanchery Professional College PVT.
Keltron Knowledge Center, Naduvilangadi Professional Govt.
Seethi Sahib Memorial Polytechnic College[14] Professional Aided
Food Craft Institute[15] Professional Govt.
MDPS[16] ITI Govt.
IHRD Extension Centre[17] Professional Govt.
MES Central School[18] High School Private
MET High School, Alathiyur[19] High School Private
TIC Secondary School High School Private
Fathima Matha English School High School Private
JMHSS Tirur High School Private
K.H.M.H.S.S Alathiyur, Higher secondary School Aided
NSS English School High School Private
MET Tirur Central School[20] High School Private
Bharathiya Vidya Bhavan English School,[21] Tirunavaya High School Private
MSM Higher Secondary School, Kallingaparamba High School Private
Govt. HSS, Cheriyamundam High School Govt.
Govt. Girls HSS, B. P. Angadi High School Govt.
Govt. Boys HSS High School Govt.
Govt. HSS, Ezhur High School Govt.
Govt. HSS, Niramaruthur High School Govt.
NMHSS, Thirunavaya High School Private
GVHSS, Paravanna High School Govt.
Vallathol AUP School, Mangalam Aided School Aided
A.M.U.P School, Areekkad UP School Aided
Ansar English Secondary School (A.E.S.S) Higher secondary school Private
A.M.L.P School, Pullur LP School Aided

Other facts[edit]

  • The first railway line of Kerala was from Beypore to Tirur commissioned on 12 March 1861.[22]
  • The betel leaves known as Tirur Lanka Pan, largely in demand in Karachi and Lahore are exported from Tirur.[23]

Including places[edit]

  • Payyanangadi, Pungottukulam, Ezhur, Pullur, Tuvvakad, Thalakkadathur, Areekad, Thalapparamba, Mango Bazar, Ayyaya Road, Ayyaya, Ittilakkal, Pakara, Kalpakanchery and Karingapara
  • Kavapura, Kuttippala, Niramarutur, Ozhur and Pachattiri, Kurukol, Kadungathukund,
  • Ponmundam, Talakkad, Tanalur, Thekkan-Kuttur and Tirunavaya, Bpangadi
  • Alattiyur, Vairamkod, Vettom, bp angadi, chamravattom

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Malappuram census handbook" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ Logan, William (2010). Malabar Manual (Volume-I). New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. pp. 631–666. ISBN 9788120604476.
  4. ^ "Tirur Municipality election 2015". lbtrend. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  5. ^ "GarudanKavu".
  6. ^ "HanumanKavu".
  7. ^ "ChamravattomSasthaTemple".
  8. ^ "Triprangode".
  9. ^ "Population and area of towns and villages in Malappuram district - 2011" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Thunchath Ezhuthachan Malayalam University".
  11. ^ "Thunchan Memorial Govt. College".
  13. ^ "SSUS Regional Centre Tirur".
  14. ^ "SSM Polytechnic".
  15. ^ "Food Craft Institute".
  16. ^ "MDPS Pvt ITI".
  17. ^ "IHRD Extension Centre".
  18. ^ "MES Central School".
  19. ^ "MET High school".
  20. ^ "MET Tirur Central School".
  21. ^ "Bharathiya Vidya Bhavan English School".
  22. ^ "First Railway Line in Kerala".
  23. ^ "Tirur Lanka Pan".

External links[edit]