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Thiru evvul
Veeraraghava Swami Temple (Thiruevvul)
Veeraraghava Swami Temple View From Lake
evvulur, Tiruevvulur, Tiruevvulkidanthan
Tiruvallur is located in Tamil Nadu
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 13°09′N 79°55′E / 13.15°N 79.91°E / 13.15; 79.91Coordinates: 13°09′N 79°55′E / 13.15°N 79.91°E / 13.15; 79.91
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictTiruvallur district
Named forVeeraragava temple
 • TypeFirst grade municipality
 • BodyTiruvallur Municipality
 • District CollectorThiru P.Ponnaiah, I.A.S.
 • Total33.27 km2 (12.85 sq mi)
50 m (160 ft)
 • Total56,074
 • OfficialTamil, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code91-44
Vehicle registrationTN-20

Tiruvallur is a Grade I municipality[2] and a fast developing city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located on the banks of Coovum river about 46 km (29 mi) from downtown Chennai (Madras) and just 5 km from megacity border, in the western part of the Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA). It is the administrative headquarters of Tiruvallur district. The city is known for the Veera Raghavar temple, one of the 108 sacred shrines of Vaishnavites. The tank festival is held at a pond near this temple. A Shiva temple near this shrine which is popular among the locals. There is also a 40-foot (12 m) tall Viswaroopa Panchamukha Hanuman temple, where the murti is made of a single green granite stone.

Poondi reservoir, from which drinking water is drawn to Chennai city, is about 9 km (5.6 mi) from Tiruvallur. The neighborhood is served by Tiruvallur railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway Network. As of 2011, the city had a population of 56,074. It is one of the fast-developing suburbs of Chennai.


The name Tiruvallur is supposedly derived from the Tamil sentence tiru evvull? – Tiru meaning god, a common prefix in South India for temple towns, and evvull meaning where do I sleep?. Tiruvallur is said to mean a place or town where the god Veera Raghavar asked a saint for a place to sleep for a night.[citation needed][according to whom?]

In one telling of the story, a rishi (sage) named Saalihothirar came down from Badrinath, now in Uttaranchal State, and settled in this place in order to reach Paramapadam (the abode of Lord Mahavisnu). He bathed in Hiruthaapanasana Theertham and started the vow of silence (mouna viratham) for one year. Daily he collected rice and after a year of fasting, he purified and cooked the rice, offering some to God (Naivedhyam) and duly kept the rest for himself. He waited for a guest, probably a muni or rishi, so that he could invite him to eat and end his fasting. At that time the God Narayana, intending to test the devotion of the rishi, came there as an old muni looking very hungry and thirsty. On seeing him, Saalihothirar greeted him and offered a portion of the rice he had kept for himself, but Narayana wanted the entire quantity of rice. Saalihothirar was very happy to give all of the food to his guest, starving himself. After eating the food, Narayana asked, "where do I sleep?" (Tamil: Ev-uL-uRangalAm). Saalihothirar asked him to sleep in his own hut.[citation needed]


In the far past, this region was under a chain of regimes commencing from the Pallavas during the 7th century. In 1687, the Golkonda rulers were defeated and the region came under the Moghul emperors of Delhi. The towns and villages of this region were the scene of Carnatic wars. Battles are said to have been fought in this region during the struggle for supremacy between the English and French. The town of Pulicat was the earliest Dutch possession in India, founded in 1609; it was ceded to the British in 1825. British rule continued until India's independence in 1947.


Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
No religion

According to the 2011, Thiruvallur had a population of 56,074 with a sex-ratio of 999 females for every 1,000 males, above the national average of 929.[3] Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 19% and 0.6% of the population, respectively. The literacy rate of the city was 79.77%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3][4] As per the religious census of 2011, Thiruvallur had 86.45% Hindus, 5.88% Muslims, 6.17% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.02% Buddhists, 0.35% Jains, 1.12% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or with no religious preference.[5]


Tiruvallur assembly constituency is part of Tiruvallur (Lok Sabha constituency). Tiruvallur Lok Sabha seat is represented by K. Jayakumar of INC (DMK, part of the UPA Alliance)[6]

Thiruvallur (state assembly constituency) is represented in the TN Assembly by V.G. Rajendran of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)

Tiruvallur Municipality Chairman post is vacant as of 2018.[7]


Temple and Tank at Trivaloor, South India (1848)[8]
  • Veera Raghavar temple – a place of worship for Lord Vishnu as Veera Raghavar
  • Hanuman Temple at Kakkalur – 3 km (2 mi) from Tiruvallur, this village temple has a 12-metre (40 ft) green monolithic granite murti of Lord Viswaroopa Panchamukha Hanuman (a.k.a. Panchamukhi Hanuman).[9]
  • Temple for Sri Viswaroopa Panchamukha Hanuman – at Periakuppam, Thiruvallur, this 10-metre-tall (32 ft) statue is made of a single piece of green granite which was brought from Hassan in Karnataka.[10]


The city attained district-headquarters status in 1997. Tiruvallur houses many industries including manufacturing facilities of Hindustan Motors, Caterpillar earth-moving equipment, Hanil Lear, Delphi TVS, India Japan Lighting, Kingfisher's brewery division, Style SPA furniture, TI India, TCL, and Mitsubishi.[11] Tiruvallur is also home to the Pandurangan family of pen makers operating under the brand name Ranga.

Tiruvallur is surrounded by industrial hubs in and around Chennai, such as Ambattur Industrial Estate and Sriperumbudur Industrial Estate, which connect to Tiruvallur by suburban train and buses.


The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) drafted a master plan to develop Tiruvallur as a satellite township around the city. This development is encouraged by developing infrastructure, such as affordable housing, in order to relieve congestion in the metropolis and provide a better standard of living.[12]

The Tamil Nadu government plans to develop a satellite township at Thirumazhisai, a town in Thiruvallur district about 18 km (11 mi) from Tiruvallur. According to Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa, it would build on 125.88 hectares (311.05 acres) of land owned by the Tamil Nadu Housing Board, at a cost of 2,160 crore (21.6 billion rupees).[13]

The state government was to decide on the expansion of the Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA) before the end of fiscal year 2011–12.[needs update] Minister for Housing and Urban Development R Vaithilingam told the State Assembly on 25 August 2011 that, in view of the fast-paced development taking place in areas beyond the present metropolitan-area jurisdiction, it had become necessary to review the Chennai Metropolitan Planning Area of 1973–74.[14]


Tiruvallur is a fast-developing district. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. The major crops cultivated are paddy, sugarcane and groundnut, with smaller crops of millets (cumbu, ragi, tinai, etc.), pulses (red gram, black gram, green gram, etc.), gingelly and chillies. Vegetables, flowers and fruits (mango, banana, etc.) are also grown. Three cropping seasons are being followed in the district for paddy, viz, Sornavari (April–August), Samba (July–Jan) and Navarai (December–March).[clarification needed]

Peripheral areas of the district have industrial units, with industry and commerce gaining a prominent position.[15]

Stray cattle[edit]

In Tiruvallur, multiple vehicle accidents have occurred due to the stray cattle. Most of the accidents related to stray cattle on the roads occurred at night, when it is harder to see the animal on roads with insufficient lights.[16] The residents of Tiruvallur district who allow their cattle to freely wander on the roads have been warned by the police. Imprisonment of up to three years and fine up to ₹5,000 are applicable according to the provisions of the Tamil Nadu Animals and Birds in Urban Areas (Control and Regulation) Act, 1997. Police have also threatened actions according to the Indian Penal Code and Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, in addition the stray cattle would be sent to cow sheds operated by the government. Yet these measures have not reduced the practice of cattle owners releasing their cattle. The authorities of Tiruvallur district have also set up call center to report incidents of stray cattle.[16]


Tiruvallur is situated on the ChennaiTirupati trunk road. Other major roads connecting Chennai and Tiruvallur include a route through Kakalur, Putlur, Sevapet, Veppampattu, Tiruninravur, Avadi, Tirumullaivayil, Ambattur and Villivakkam, and another route through Poonamallee and Koyambedu.[citation needed]

Chennai International Airport is 42 km (26 mi) southeast of the city.

Tiruvallur lies on the ChennaiBangalore broad gauge railway line and is a stop for some of the WestNorth trains. There are two suburban railway lines: the West line from Chennai Central to Arakkonam and the WestNorth line from Chennai Central to Tiruttani. These two lines have many frequent suburban trains.[citation needed]

The Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) runs an extensive city bus system, with service from Tiruvallur to most of the important places in Chennai and its metropolitan area.[citation needed]


There are a large number of educational institutions in Tiruvallur. Many professional institutions, particularly the veterinary university, add to education in this district. Tiruvallur has many higher secondary schools including private and government schools. There are a few engineering, medical, and arts and science colleges around Tiruvallur.


Field Name Location
Arts & science Hindu College Pattabiram
Jaya College of Arts and Science Thiruninravur
John Bosco Art and Science College Tiruvallur
Dr. Sir Arcot Lakshmana Swami Mudaliar College of Arts & science Vengal
Sri Ram Arts and Science College Veppampattu
Loganatha Narayanasamy Govt. Arts College Tiruvallur
Sri Subramaniaswami Government Arts College Tiruvallur
Dr. Sir A.L. Mudaliar Vocational Arts and Science Tiruvallur
Shri Chandra Prabhu Jain College for Men Tiruvallur
Engineering Prathyusha Institute of Technology and Management Thiruvallur
Sri Ram Engineering College Veppampattu
Bhajarang Engineering College Veppampattu
Indira Institute of Engineering and Technology Thiruvallur
Jaya Engineering College Thiruninravur
John Bosco Engineering College Tiruvallur
Kumaran Institute of Technology Tiruvallur
Siva Institute of Frontier Technology, Technical Campus Vengal
Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering and Technology Thiruvallur
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Science and Technology Thiruppachur Post
Sree Sastha Institute of Engineering and Technology Chembarapakkam
Panimalar Institute of Technology Poonamallee
Alpha College of Engineering Thirumazhisai
Panimalar Engineering College Poonamallee
Srinivasa Institute of Engineering and Technology Poonamallee
Vel Tech Engineering College Avadi
L.C.R. College of Engineering and Technology Ramanjeri
Hotel Management Sriram Institute of Hotel Management and Catering Technology Tiruvallur
Sree Venkateswara International Institute of Catering & Hotel Management Tiruvallur
Victory Institute of Catering & Hotel Management Tiruvallur
Dental Priyadarshini Dental College and Hospital Tiruvallur
Pharmacy Jaya College of Paramedical Science Thiruninravur
National College of Pharmacy Thiruninravur
Nursing Indira College of Nursing Pandur
Management Indira Institute of Computer Application Tiruvallur
Indira Institute of Management and Research Tiruvallur
TTI Indira Teacher Training Institute Tiruvallur


  • Dharmamurthi Rao Bahadur Calavala Cunnan Chetty's Hindu School [17]
  • Calavala Cunnan Chetty's Hindu Matriculation Hr. Sec. School, Kakkalur
  • CSI Goudie Hr Sec School
  • Christ King Hr. Sec. School.
  • Chellammal Vidyalaya Matriculation Higher Sec. School
  • CSC Vivekananda Vidyalaya Matriculation School
  • Dr.V Gengu Swami Naidu matriculation school, Vishnuvakkam
  • Swamy Vivekananda Vidhyalaya Nursery and Primary School, Tiruvallur
  • Vivekananda vidhyalaya matriculation school, Tiruvallur
  • Gnana Vidyalaya Matric. hr.sec. School
  • Joy Play School, 47, Veerannan street, Tiruvallur
  • Active KIDS Play School.
  • Sri Venkateshwara Matric. Hr. Sec. School
  • Rollins Primary and Nursery School
  • St.Anne's Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Shree Nikethan Matric. Hr. Sec. School
  • Shree Niketan Patasala, CBSE School
  • Sri Lakshmi Hr. Sec. School
  • Sri R M Jain Vidhyashram, V.M.Nagar, Tiruvallur
  • Jacob Matriculation School
  • K.E. Nataesa Chetiyar Higher Secondary School
  • Kamaraj Matriculation School
  • A B S Vidhya Mandhir school.
  • Bharathidasan Matriculation school
  • National Lotus Matriculation Higher Sec. School
  • Sidhaartha Mat. Hr. Sec. School, sevvapet
  • Hindu nursery and primary school
  • Bharathi Matriculation School, Poonga Nagar
  • venus education centre


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "List of Municipalities in Tamil Nadu Grade wise". Commissionerate of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thiruvallur". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  6. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
  7. ^ Tiruvallur, District Administrator, Collectorate. "Elected Members - Town Panchayats - Tiruvallur District". www.tiruvallur.tn.nic.in. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Temple and Tank at Trivaloor, South India". Wesleyan Juvenile Offering. London: Wesleyan Mission-House. V: 36. April 1848. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  9. ^ Swami, Panchamukha Anjaneya / Hanuman. "Sri Viswaroopa Panchamukha Anjaneya Swami Ashram". www.panchamukha.org. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "domain-b.com : Mitsubishi Motors". www.domain-b.com. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  12. ^ http://municipality.tn.gov.in/tiruvallur/Tiruvallur.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  13. ^ "Satellite township near Thirumazhisai planned". The Hindu. 9 September 2011.
  14. ^ "News18.com: CNN-News18 Breaking News India, Latest News, Current News Headlines". News18. Archived from the original on 15 May 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  15. ^ "About Us". Ranga Pens. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  16. ^ a b Jan 25, / Updated (25 January 2022). "Tiruvallur: 1 Killed In Multi-vehicle Crash Caused By Cattle In Tiruvallur". The Times of India. No. Chennai News. TNN. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
  17. ^ "DRBCCC Tiruvallur". DRBCCC Tiruvallur. Retrieved 5 May 2022.