Titanium carbide

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Titanium carbide
ECHA InfoCard 100.031.916
Molar mass 59.89 g/mol
Appearance black powder
Density 4.93 g/cm3
Melting point 3,160 °C (5,720 °F; 3,430 K)
Boiling point 4,820 °C (8,710 °F; 5,090 K)
insoluble in water
+8.0·10−6 cm3/mol
Cubic, cF8
Fm3m, No. 225
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Titanium carbide, TiC, is an extremely hard (Mohs 9–9.5) refractory ceramic material, similar to tungsten carbide. It has the appearance of black powder with the sodium chloride (face-centered cubic) crystal structure. As found in nature its crystals range in size from 0.1 to 0.3mm.

Titanium carbide is used in preparation of cermets, which are frequently used to machine steel materials at high cutting speed. It is also used as an abrasion-resistant surface coating on metal parts, such as tool bits and watch mechanisms.[1][citation needed] Titanium carbide is also used as a heat shield coating for atmospheric reentry of spacecraft.[2]

It occurs in nature as a form of the very rare mineral khamrabaevite [en; it] (Russian: Хамрабаевит) - (Ti,V,Fe)C. It was discovered in 1984 on Mount Arashan in the Chatkal District,[3] USSR (modern Kyrgyzstan), near the Uzbek border. The mineral was named after Ibragim Khamrabaevich Khamrabaev, director of Geology and Geophysics of Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Physical properties[edit]

Titanium carbide has an elastic modulus of approximately 400 GPa and a shear modulus of 188 GPa.[4]

Manufacturing and machining[edit]

Tool bits without tungsten content can be made of titanium carbide in nickel-cobalt matrix cermet, enhancing the cutting speed, precision, and smoothness of the workpiece.[citation needed]

The resistance to wear, corrosion, and oxidation of a tungsten carbidecobalt material can be increased by adding 6–30% of titanium carbide to tungsten carbide. This forms a solid solution that is more brittle and susceptible to breakage.[clarification needed]

Titanium carbide can be etched with reactive-ion etching.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Titanium carbide TiC powder cas 12070-08-5". www.eduloc.com. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  2. ^ Sforza, Pasquale M. (13 November 2015). "Manned Spacecraft Design Principles". Elsevier. p. 406. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  3. ^ Dunn, Pete J (1985). "New mineral names". American Mineralogist. 70: 1329–1335.
  4. ^ Chang, R; Graham, L (1966). "Low‐Temperature Elastic Properties of ZrC and TiC". Applied Physics. 37: 3778. doi:10.1063/1.1707923.