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Temporal range: Late Paleocene, 59–56 Ma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cimolesta
Suborder: Pantodonta
Family: Titanoideidae
Genus: Titanoides
Gidley, 1917
Type species
Titanoides primaevus
Gidley, 1917
  • T. gidleyi Jepsen, 1930
  • T. looki Patterson, 1939
  • T. major Simons, 1960
  • T. nanus Gingerich. 1996
  • T. primaevus Gidley, 1917

Titanoides is an extinct genus of pantodont mammal that lived in North Dakota. They were up to 3 m (9.8 ft) long and up to 150 kg (330 lb) in weight, being the largest mammals of their habitat, a tropical swampland where the main predators were crocodiles. They had a bear-like appearance with huge canines and short limbs with five clawed digits even though they were herbivores.[2][3]


  1. ^ "Pantodonta". After McKenna & Bell (1997) and Alroy (2002). Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  2. ^ https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndfossil/poster/PDF/Titanoides.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.paleocene-mammals.de/large_herbivores.htm

External links[edit]