Tito Rodríguez

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Tito Rodríguez
Tito Rodríguez.jpg
Background information
Birth namePablo Rodríguez Lozada[note 1]
Also known asEl Inolvidable
BornJanuary 4, 1923
Santurce, Puerto Rico
DiedFebruary 28, 1973(1973-02-28) (aged 50)
New York City, NY
GenresMambo, cha-cha-cha, bolero, pachanga, guaracha
Occupation(s)Musician, bandleader, composer, arranger, television host
InstrumentsTimbales
Years active1936–1973
LabelsRCA Victor, Tico, Alegre, United Artists, Musicor, TR Records, West Side Latino
Associated actsCheo Feliciano, Johnny Rodríguez, Tito Rodríguez Jr.

Pablo Rodríguez Lozada (January 4, 1923 – February 28, 1973), better known as Tito Rodríguez, was a Puerto Rican singer and bandleader. He started his career singing under the tutelage of his brother, Johnny Rodríguez. In the 1940s, both moved to New York, where Tito worked as a percussionist in several popular rhumba ensembles, before directing his own group to great success during the 1950s. His most prolific years coincided with the peak of the mambo and cha-cha-cha dance craze. He also recorded boleros, sones, guarachas and pachangas.

Rodríguez is known by many fans as "El Inolvidable" (The Unforgettable One), a moniker based on his most popular song, a bolero written by Cuban composer Julio Gutiérrez.

Early years[edit]

Rodríguez was born in Santurce, Puerto Rico.[1] His father was from the Dominican Republic and his mother from Cuba.[2] His older brother, Johnny Rodríguez was a popular singer and composer, who inspired the younger Rodríguez to become a musician. In 1936, 13-year-old Rodríguez joined the group of Ladislao (El Maestro Ladí) Martínez, Conjunto de Industrias Nativas, as a singer.[3] When he was 16 years old, he participated in a recording with the renowned Cuarteto Mayarí. In 1940, Rodríguez moved to New York City shortly after his parents, José and Severina, died. He went to live with his brother Johnny, who had been living there since 1935.[1][4][5]

Musical career[edit]

Beginnings as a musician[edit]

In New York, Rodríguez was hired as a singer and bongó player for the orchestra of Eric Madriguera. In 1941, he recorded "Amor Guajiro", "Acércate Más" (Come Closer) and "Se Fue la Comparsa". In 1942, Rodríguez joined the band of Xavier Cugat, and recorded "Bim, bam, bum" and "Ensalada de congas" (Conga Salad).[6]

Rodríguez joined and served in the U.S. Army for one year. After he was discharged, he returned to New York where he joined the orchestra of José Curbelo. On one occasion, the band performed at the China Doll Cabaret. There he met a young Japanese chorus girl by the name of Tobi Kei (b. Takeko Kunimatsu, January 23, 1925, Bellingham, Washington, USA[7]), who eventually became his wife.[6]

Success as a bandleader[edit]

In 1947, Rodríguez made his "solo" debut and finally organized his own band, which he named "Los Diablos del Mambo" ("the mambo devils"). He renamed his band "Los Lobos del Mambo" ("the mambo wolves") and later dropped the name altogether, deciding to go with "The Tito Rodríguez Orchestra". The first song that he recorded under the band's new name which became a "hit" was "Bésame La Bembita" (Kiss My Big Lips). In 1952, he was honored for having developed his own unique singing style (early in his career he had been heavily influenced, as had so many other singers, such as the Cuban vocalist Miguelito Valdés) by the "Century Conservatory of Music of New York". His orchestra won the "Gran Trofeo Award" for two consecutive years.[1]

In 1953, Rodríguez heard a percussionist by the name of Cheo Feliciano. He was so impressed with Feliciano that he offered him a job in his band as a band boy. Rodríguez discovered that Feliciano also knew how to sing and gave him an opportunity to sing at the popular Palladium Ballroom. Eventually, Feliciano went to work for another band, but the friendship between the two lasted for the rest of their lives. Among the other orchestras that played at the Palladium were the Machito, Tito Puente and Charlie Palmieri orchestras. The popular Latin music craze at the time was the chachachá and the mambo.

At the peak of his popularity during the 1950s, Rodríguez was only rivalled by Tito Puente in New York's Latin music circuit. Although described by historians and musicians alike (including both Titos) as "a friendly rivalry", their purported feud became a sort of urban legend in the salsa world.[8] For example, Rodríguez's version of "Avísale a mi contrario" has been often cited as an example of such "feud",[1] despite the fact that the song was written by Ignacio Piñeiro in 1906.[9]

United Artists years[edit]

In the beginning of the 1960s, the popularity gained by rock music brought changes. Latin bands began to switch their styles and started playing more salsa and boogaloo, which was more attractive to Latin youth of the day. Rodríguez then tried his luck with boleros and recorded various albums for the United Artists label, spawning various hit songs such as "Inolvidable", composed by Julio Gutiérrez, and "En la soledad", composed by Puchi Balseiro. "Inolvidable" sold over a million and a half copies world-wide in 1963.[1] He also produced records for other groups, such as Los Hispanos and Los Montemar.[1]

Later years[edit]

Rodríguez returned to Puerto Rico in 1966 and built a Japanese-style house in Santurce, where he lived with his family.[10] Rodríguez produced his own television show called "El Show de Tito Rodríguez" which was transmitted through San Juan's television Channel 7 (whose call letters were WRIK-TV at the time). Among the guest stars that appeared on his show were Sammy Davis, Jr., Tony Bennett, Shirley Bassey, Roberto Clemente and Orlando Cepeda. Rodríguez also founded his own recording studio/label called TR Records.

Rodríguez's last public appearance was with Machito and his band on February 2, 1973 at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Tito Rodríguez died of leukemia on February 28, 1973.[1]

Legacy[edit]

In April 1999, Tito Rodríguez was represented by his son, Tito Rodríguez Jr., in the induction ceremonies of the International Latin Music Hall of Fame.[6]

The Tito Rodríguez's Japanese-style house in Puerto Rico is featured in tours of the San Juan metropolitan area. The aforementioned Cheo Feliciano recorded a tribute to Rodríguez honoring his memory.[6]

In August 2010, reggae band Cultura Profética released the song "Me faltabas tú" on the album "La Dulzura", where the band plays Tito's song in a modern bolero style.[6]

Selected discography[edit]

External audio
You may listen to Tito Rodríguez's "Cara De Payaso" on YouTube.

Represented by Sony International (née Columbia Records.) Most of these albums were originally record under the Musicor label, later Musicor was sold to West Side Latino records. Tito Rodríguez also recorded for RCA, Seeco Records, SMC, United Artist Records and his own label, TR records.

  • 19__ WS Latino "Esta es mi Historia"
  • 1960 United Artists "Tito Rodríguez Live at the Palladium"
  • 1961 WS Latino "Charanga, Pachanga"
  • 1961 WS Latino "Tito Returns to the Palladium – Live"
  • 1962 WS Latino "Latin Twist"
  • 1962 WS Latino "Tito's Hits"
  • 1962 WS Latino "Let's do the Bossanova"
  • 1963 Palladium Records "Tito Rodríguez from Hollywood"
  • 1963 Palladium Records "Tito Rodríguez Live at Birdland"
  • 1963 WS Latino "From Tito With Love"
  • 1964 WS Latino "Carnaval de las Américas"
  • 1967 WS Latino "En la Oscuridad"
  • 1968 WS Latino "Esta es mi Orquesta"
  • 1969 TR Records "Inolvidable"
  • 1971 Fania "Tito Dice... Sepárala También" with El Sexteto La Playa
  • 1972 Tico Records-Fania Legend "Nostalgia con Tito Rodríguez" recordings from (1949 a 1958)
  • 1993 WS Latino "Tito Rodríguez con la Rondalla Venezolana: Eternamente"
  • 1995 TR Records "Cindy & Tito Rodríguez: Alma con Alma"
  • 1999 WS Latino "Tito Rodríguez con la Rondalla Venezolana: Nuevamente Juntos"

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Rodríguez and the second or maternal family name is Lozada.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Rodríguez, Tito (on musicofpuertorico.com, archived at the Wayback Machine)
  2. ^ Leymarie, Isabelle (2003). Jazz latino (in Spanish). Robinbook. pp. 60–61.
  3. ^ SOMOS GUARACHEROS
  4. ^ Artist Biography by Craig Harris
  5. ^ Tito Rodríguez [1923-1973]
  6. ^ a b c d e Tito Rodriguez
  7. ^ Brocher, Tom. "Takeko "Tobi Kei" Kunimatsu Rodriguez (1925-1984)..." www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  8. ^ McNeese, Tim (2008). Tito Puente. New York, NY: Infobase. p. 62. ISBN 9781438106939.
  9. ^ Oropesa Fernández, Ricardo Roberto (7 May 2018). "La rumba, la conga y la clave ñañiga en Ignacio Piñeiro (Primera parte)". Radio Cadena Habana (in Spanish). ICRT. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  10. ^ Famosa Pagoda DE Tito Rodríguez

External links[edit]