Titusville Area School District
|Titusville Area School District|
|Number of students||2,100|
|• Grade 1||155|
|• Grade 2||145|
|• Grade 3||144|
|• Grade 4||129|
|• Grade 5||144|
|• Grade 6||157|
|• Grade 7||150|
|• Grade 8||153|
|• Grade 9||158|
|• Grade 10||163|
|• Grade 11||165|
|• Grade 12||172|
|• Other||Enrollment projected to be 2100 in 2020.|
The School District comprises Allegheny Township, Cherrytree Township, Oilcreek Township and Pleasantville Borough located in Venango County; and Centerville Borough, Hydetown Borough, Oil Creek Township, Rome Township and Titusville City located in Crawford County; and Southwest Township located in Warren County. The School District covers about 200 sq mi (520 km2). Per the 2000 federal census data, the district serves a resident population of 14,698. In 2009, the district residents' per capita income was $15,872, while the median family income was $37,271. According to District officials, in school year 2007–08 the Titusville Area School District provided basic educational services to 2,216 pupils through the employment of 171 teachers, 130 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 21 administrators. In September 2008, the administration reported there were 319 employees, including 19 administrators, 172 professional/instructional employees and 128 support personnel. The Administration includes; building level principals and assistant principals, six directors of specialized programs which include the following positions: Director of Student Services, Federal Programs and Elementary Curriculum, Special Education, Athletics, Day Care and Vo-Tech. There are four directors of support programs which include: Directors of Food Service and Transportation, Buildings and Grounds, Technology, and Parks and Recreation. There are also twelve department chairpersons that assist in the oversight of curriculum development. In May 2011 the superintendent reported there had been a 20 percent decline in the district's enrollment.
- 1 Schools
- 2 Academic achievement
- 3 High school
- 4 Special education
- 5 Bullying and school safety
- 6 Virtual Academy
- 7 Budget
- 7.1 State basic education funding
- 7.2 Federal Stimulus grant
- 7.3 Common Cents state initiative
- 7.4 Real estate taxes
- 8 Extracurriculars
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The district operates an early childhood center, which contains a day care center, three elementary schools (grades 1–5), a middle school (grades 6–8), a senior high school (grades 9–12), and one alternative education school. All of the district's facilities have been either constructed or renovated within the past 12 years.
- Early Childhood Center is located at 330 Spruce Street in Titsville. Constructed in 1991, the two story building is home to Day Care, an Early Intervention Program, Pre-K, Pre-1st and Kindergarten Classes for the entire District.
- Main Street Elementary School
Main Street Elementary School opened in 1912 and was renovated in 2002. The School is located at 117 Main Street, Titusville, PA. The school achieved AYP status in 2009 and 2010. The attendance rate was 96% in 2010, while it was 96% in 2009. Report Card 2010.
- Hydetown Elementary School
Hydetown Elementary School opened in 1956 and was renovated in 2001. The School is located at 12294 Gresham Road, Titusville, PA. The school achieved AYP status in 2009 and 2010. The attendance rate was 96% in 2010, while it was 94% in 2009. Report Card 2010.
- Pleasantville Elementary School
Pleasantville Elementary School opened in the 1942 and was a High School, until the building was merged into the district in 1969. All district Junior High School Students attended at the school until 1977 when the Senior High School was renovated, after that it became solely an elementary school. The school is located at 374 North Main Street, Pleasantville, PA. The school achieved AYP status in 2009 and 2010. The attendance rate was 96% in 2010, while it was 95% in 2009. Report Card 2010.
- Titusville Area Middle School
Titusville Middle School opened in 1999, after moving from the High School Complex. The school is located at 415 Water Street, Titusville, PA.
Titusville Area High School is located at 302 E. Walnut St., Titusville, PA.
Titusville Area School District was ranked 292nd out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts in 2011 by the Pittsburgh Business Times. The ranking was based on five years of student academic performance based on the PSSAs for: reading, writing, math and three years of science.
- 2010 – 280th
- 2009 – 255th
- 2008 – 204th
- 2007 – 184th out of 501 Pennsylvania school districts.
In 2009, the academic achievement, of the students in the Titusville Area School District, was in the 56th percentile among all 500 Pennsylvania school districts Scale (0–99; 100 is state best)
In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate. Titusville Area School District's rate was 83% for 2010.
According to traditional graduation rate calculations:
Titusville Area School District School Board has determined that a student must earn 25 credits in order to graduate, including: English 4 credits, Math 3 credits, Social Studies 4 credits, Science 3 credits, Safety/Phys Ed 4 credits, Family & Consumer Science 0.25 credits, Intro to Computer Applications 0.50 credits, Intro to Computers 0.25 credit, Humanities 1 credits and Elective Courses 5.00 credits.
Vo Tech students must earn 24 credits. Additionally, students must earn proficient or advanced scores on the PSSA in reading, writing, and mathematics given during their junior year or on the PSSA. Alternatively, they must earn at least a 2.50 (Grade 9–12) by the end of their senior year.
By law, all Pennsylvania high school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district. For the senior project at Titusville High School, seniors must write a passing (grade minimum 60%) research paper. Seniors in Business Communication complete a business project. All seniors give an oral presentation. A third component of the senior project is focused on preparing a working resume.
By Pennsylvania State School Board regulations, for the graduating classes of 2016, students must demonstrate successful completion of secondary level course work in Algebra I, Biology, English Composition, and Literature for which the Keystone Exams serve as the final course exams. Students’ Keystone Exam scores shall count for at least one-third of the final course grade.
In 2010, the high school has declined to Warning AYP status. In 2009, the school achieved AYP status.
11th Grade Reading
- 2010 – 64% on grade level (21% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 66% of 11th graders are on grade level.
- 2009 – 66% (20% below basic), State – 65%
- 2008 – 63% (13% below basic), State – 65%
- 2007 – 73% (16% below basic), State – 65%
11th Grade Math:
- 2010 – 50%, on grade level (29% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level. Boys – 47% on grade level with 31% below basic / Girls – 53% with 28% below basic.
- 2009 – 53% (24% below basic). State – 56%.
- 2008 – 46% (26% below basic), State – 56%
- 2007 – 57% (22% below basic), State – 53%
11th Grade Science:
- 2010 – 29% on grade level (16% below basic). State – 39% of 11th graders were on grade level.
- 2009 – 36% (16% below basic). State – 40%
- 2008 – 32% (11% below basic), State – 39%
- College remediation
According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 18% of Titusville High School graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges. Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years. Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.
The high school offers the Pennsylvania dual enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. Titusviile High School's program enables students to take a college-level courses at University of Pittsburgh's Titusville campus. The students have full access to all activities and programs at the high school. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books. Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions. The Pennsylvania College Credit Transfer System reported in 2009, that students saved nearly $35.4 million by having their transferred credits count towards a degree under the new system.
In 2010, the district received a 10,132 state grant to be used to assist students with tuition, fees and books.
In 2009 and in 2010, the school achieved AYP status. The attendance rate was 95% in 2010.
8th Grade Reading
- 2010 – 85% on grade level 49% advanced (% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 81% of 8th graders on grade level. Boys 76% on grade level / Girls – 93%.
- 2009 – 80%, 50% advanced (8% below basic), State – 80%
- 2008 – 85% (8% below basic), State – 78%
- 2007 – 63% (5% below basic), State – 75%
8th Grade Math:
- 2010 – 74% on grade level 50% advanced (4% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 75% of 8th graders are on grade level.
- 2009 – 79% 49% advanced (9% below basic), State – 71%
- 2008 – 71% (11% below basic), State – 70%
- 2007 – 68% (8% below basic), State – 68%
8th Grade Science:
- 2010 – 52% on grade level, 15% advanced (17% below basic). State – 57% of 8th graders were on grade level.
- 2009 – 52%, 14% advanced (21% below basic). State – 55%
- 2008 – 53%, State – 52%
7th Grade Reading
- 2010 – 76% on grade level, 33% advanced (7% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 73% of 7th graders on grade level.
- 2009 – 74%, 37% advanced (5% below basic), State – 71%
- 2008 – 76%, 34% advanced (8% below basic), State – 70%
- 2007 – 75% (10% below basic), State – 67%
7th Grade Math:
- 2010 – 83% on grade level, 58% advanced (5% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 77% of 7th graders are on grade level.
- 2009 – 83%, 55% advanced (9% below basic), State – 75%
- 2008 – 83%, 57% advanced (5% below basic), State – 71%
- 2007 – 83% (10% below basic), State – 67%
- 6th Grade Reading
- 2010 – 71% on grade level. 36% advanced, (7% below basic). State – 68%
- 2009 – 66%, 31% advanced (9% below basic). State – 67%
- 2008 – 73%, 30% advanced (7% below basic), State – 67%
- 2007 – 63%, 30% advanced (9% below basic), State – 63%
- 6th Grade Math
- 2010 – 87% on grade level. 53% advanced (1% below basic). State – 78%
- 2009 – 81%, 48% advanced (7% below basic). State – 75%
- 2008 – 74%, 46% advanced (10% below basic). State – 72%
- 2007 – 64%, 28% advanced (18% below basic). State – 69%
- 2008 – 405 pupils – 15%
- 2007 – 412 pupils – 18%
In accordance with state and federal law, the District engages in identification procedures to ensure that eligible students receive an appropriate educational program consisting of special education and related services, individualized to meet student needs. At no cost to the parents, these services are provided in compliance with state and federal law; and are reasonably calculated to yield meaningful educational benefit and student progress. To identify students who may be eligible for special education, various screening activities are conducted on an ongoing basis. These screening activities include: review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, report cards, ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Instructional Support Team or Student Assistance Team. When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible may verbally request a multidisciplinary evaluation from a professional employee of the District or contact the Special Education Department.
In 2010, the state of Pennsylvania provided $1,026,815,000 for special education services. The funds were distributed to districts based on a state policy which estimates that 16% of the district's pupils are receiving special education services. This funding is in addition to the state's basic education per pupil funding, as well as, all other state and federal funding.
Titusville Area School District received a $1,546,959 supplement for special education services in 2010. The state provided the same level of funding for 2011–12.
The District Administration reported that 51 or 2.38% of its students were gifted in 2009. By law, the district must provide mentally gifted programs at all grade levels. The primary emphasis is on enrichment and acceleration of the regular education curriculum through a push in model with the gifted instructor in the classroom with the regular instructor. Students identified as gifted attending the High School have access to honors and advanced placement courses, and dual enrollment with local colleges. The referral process for a gifted evaluation can be initiated by teachers or parents by contacting the student’s building principal and requesting an evaluation. All requests must be made in writing. To be eligible for mentally gifted programs in Pennsylvania, a student must have a cognitive ability of at least 130 as measured on a standardized ability test by a certified school psychologist. Other factors that indicate giftedness will also be considered for eligibility.
Bullying and school safety
The School Board has provided the district's antibully policy in the school district's web site. All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students. The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.
Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.
The Titusville Virtual Academy provides an online learning experience for K-12 students who reside in Titusville Area School District. Students may earn a Titusville High School diploma and participate in the graduation ceremony.
In 2009, the district reports employing over 190 teachers with a starting salary of $39,705 for 180 days for pupil instruction and an additional 5 for teacher inservice. The average teacher salary was $54,940 while the maximum salary is $106,019. As of 2007, Pennsylvania ranked in the top 10 states in average teacher salaries. When adjusted for cost of living Pennsylvania ranked fourth in the nation for teacher compensation. The school day is limited by the union contract to 37.5 hours per week. Special Education teachers receive additional compensation. Teachers receive a paid lunch time of 30 minutes. Additionally, Titusville Area School District teachers receive a defined benefit pension, health insurance, professional development reimbursement, 2 paid personal days, 10 sick days, paid bereavement days and other benefits. Teachers are paid extra when they are required to work outside of the regular school day hours. Severance includes payment for unused sick days. Additionally, teacher receive $72.50 for each year they have been a full-time teacher in Pennsylvania. The union receives 12 full days of paid leave to use for union business According to State Rep. Glen Grell, a trustee of the Pennsylvania Public School Employees’ Retirement System Board, a 40-year educator can retire with a pension equal to 100 percent of their final salary.
In June 2011, the union and board agreed that the teachers would forego a salary increase for the 2011‑2012 school year. The administration reported this would save $380,423.
In 2007, the district employed 154 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $48,979 for 180 school days worked.
Titusville Area School District administrative costs per pupil in 2008 was $909.33 per pupil. The district is ranked 96th out of 500 in Pennsylvania for administrative spending. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil.
In 2008, Titusville Area School District reported spending $12,067 per pupil. This ranked 267th in the commonwealth.
In 2009, the district reported $1,866,942 in an unreserved-undesignated fund balance. The designated fund balance was reported as $2,124,809. PA school district reserve funds are divided into two categories – designated and undesignated. The undesignated funds are not committed to any planned project. Designated funds and any other funds, such as capital reserves, are allocated to specific projects. School districts are required by state law to keep 5 percent of their annual spending in the undesignated reserve funds to preserve bond ratings. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, from 2003 to 2010, as a whole, Pennsylvania school districts amassed nearly $3 billion in reserved funds.
In September 2010, the Pennsylvania Auditor General conducted a performance audit of the district. Significant findings were reported to the administration and school board.
The district is funded by a combination of: a local income tax, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax 0.5%, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Grants can provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax regardless of the individual's wealth.
State basic education funding
In 2011–12, the Titusville Area School District will receive $12,943,618 in state Basic Education Funding. Additionally, the district will receive $171,434 in Accountability Block Grant funding. The enacted Pennsylvania state Education budget includes $5,354,629,000 for the 2011–2012 Basic Education Funding appropriation. This amount is a $233,290,000 increase (4.6%) over the enacted State appropriation for 2010–2011. The highest increase in state basic education funding was awarded to Duquesne City School District, which got a 49% increase in state funding for 2011-12. Districts experienced a reduction in funding due to the loss of federal stimulus funding which ended in 2011.
In 2010, the district reported that 1,065 pupils received a free or reduced-price lunch due to the family meeting the federal poverty level.
For 2010–11, Titusville Area School District received a 2.96% increase in state Basic Education Funding resulting in a $13,962,921 payment. Valley Grove School District received a 3.88% increase, which was the highest increase in BEF in Venango County. Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County received the highest increase in the state at 23.65% increase in funding for the 2010–11 school year. One hundred fifty school districts received the base 2% increase in 2010–11. The amount of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor and the Secretary of Education through the allocation set in the state budget proposal made in February each year.
In the 2009–2010 budget year the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 3.45% increase in Basic Education funding for a total of $13,390,165. The state Basic Education funding to the district in 2008–09 was $12,943,618.28. The district also received supplemental funding for English language learners, Title 1 federal funding for low-income students, for district size, a poverty supplement from the commonwealth and more. Franklin Area School District received highest increase in BEF awarded by the Commonwealth, in Venango County, for the 2009–10 school year, a 6.43% increase. Among the 500 school districts in Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg School District in Berks County received the highest with a 22.31% increase in funding.
Accountability Block Grants
Beginning in 2004–2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, all-day kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students. For 2010–11, the Titusville Area School District applied for and received $465,314 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide all-day kindergarten the 6th year, to provide teacher training to provide research based instruction and to increase instruction time for pupils through before and after school tutoring.
Classrooms for the Future grant
The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006–2009. Titusville Area School District did not apply for funding for 2006–07 nor in 2007–08. In 2008–09 it received 138,210. Of the 501 public school districts in Pennsylvania, 447 of them received Classrooms for the Future state grant awards.
Education Assistance grant
The state's EAP funding provides for the continuing support of tutoring services and other programs to address the academic needs of eligible students. Funds are available to eligible school districts and full-time career and technology centers (CTC) in which one or more schools have failed to meet at least one academic performance target, as provided for in Section 1512-C of the Pennsylvania Public School Code. In 2010–11 the Titusville Area School District did not apply for this state funding.
Federal Stimulus grant
The district received an extra $1,600,000 in ARRA – Federal Stimulus money to be used in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low-income students. The funding is for the 2009–10 and 2010–11 school years.
Race to the Top grant
School district officials sent an incomplete application for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district over one million additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement. The teachers' union refused to sign the application as was required. Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success. In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate. Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved.
Common Cents state initiative
The Titusville Area School Board chose to not permit the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program access to the district records. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars. After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement the recommended cost savings changes.
Real estate taxes
The Titusville Area School Board set the 2010–11 the property taxes were 38.4600 mills for property owners in Crawford County. Venango County was set at 14.2300 mills while Warren County was – 43.9300 mills. A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. Pennsylvania school district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75–85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections (Local Tax Enabling Act), which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.
- 2009–10 – 37.1500 mills for Crawford County. 14 mills for Venango County. 42.0800 mills Warren County.
- 2008–09 – 36.8100 mills for Crawford County. 13.9400 mills for Venango County. 42.0800 mills Warren County.
- 2007–08 – 35.7900 mills for Crawford County. 12.7300 mills for Venango County. 39.0600 mills Warren County.
Act 1 Adjusted index
The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not authorized to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or the school board seeks one or more exceptions from the state's Department of Education. The base index for the 2011–2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions, including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.
The School District Adjusted Index for the Titusville Area School District 2006–2007 through 2011–2012.
- 2006–07 – 5.8%, Base 3.9%
- 2007–08 – 5.1%, Base 3.4%
- 2008–09 – 6.5%, Base 4.4%
- 2009–10 – 6.1%, Base 4.1%
- 2010–11 – 4.4%, Base 2.9%
- 2011–12 – 2.1%, Base 1.4%
For the school budget year 2011–12, the Titusville Area School Board did not apply for any exceptions to the Act 1 index. Each year, the school district has the option of adopting either 1) a resolution in January certifying they will not increase taxes above their index or 2) a preliminary budget in February. A school district adopting the resolution may not apply for referendum exceptions or ask voters for a tax increase above the inflation index. A specific timeline for these decisions is publisher each year by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.
For the 2011–2012 school year budgets, 247 school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index; 250 school districts adopted a preliminary budget. Of the 250 school districts that adopted a preliminary budget, 231 adopted real estate tax rates that exceeded their index. Tax rate increases in the other 19 school districts that adopted a preliminary budget did not exceed the school district’s index. Of the districts who sought exceptions 221 used the pension costs exemption and 171 sought a Special Education costs exemption. Only 1 school district sought an exemption for Nonacademic School Construction Project, while 1 sought an exception for Electoral debt for school construction. With the 2011 state education budget, the General Assembly repealed most of the Act 1 tax increase exceptions leaving only special education costs, pension costs and prior voter approved (ballot referendum) debt for construction. The cost of construction projects in the future will go to the voters for approval via ballot referendum. Districts can no longer raise property taxes, beyond their Act 1 index, to cover increasing health insurance costs for employees.
Titusville Area School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 index for the budgets in 2009–10 or in 2010–11. In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.
Property tax relief
In 2011, the Pennsylvania Department of Education announced the district's property tax relief from gambling would be $143 for each of the 3,424 approved properties. This was the lowest amount of property tax relief awarded in Venango County.
In 2009, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Titusville Area School District was $140 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 3,495 property owners applied for the tax relief. This was the lowest tax relief awarded in Venango County. The tax relief was subtracted from the total annual school property on the individual's tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. The Pennsylvania Auditor General found that 73% of property owners applied for tax relief in Venango County. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $632 per homestead and farmstead in 2010. This was the second year Chester Upland School District was the top recipient.
Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, consequently individuals who have income substantially more than $35,000, may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.
Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).
The district offers a wide variety of clubs, activities and sports. These program begin with elementary children and extend through high school athletics. Eligibility to participate in these activities is determined by school board policy. The district also provides recreation activities outside of the regular school year.
By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those home schooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs, including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.
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- Pennsylvania Department of Education and Pennsylvania School Board. "CHAPTER 16. Special Education For Gifted Students". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
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- "Regular Session 2007–2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8".
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- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Academic Standards".
- "Pa. Public School Salaries, 2009". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved February 2011. Check date values in:
- "Titusville Area School Payroll report". openpagov. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
- Teachers need to know enough is enough, PaDelcoTimes, April 20, 2010.
- Titusville Area School Board. "Titusville Area School District Teachers Union Employment Contract 2011".
- "Legislature must act on educators' pension hole.". The Patriot News. February 21, 2010.
- Titusville Area School District Administration (June 2011). "Teacher wage freeze announced".
- Fenton, Jacob,. "Average classroom teacher salary in Venango County, 2006–07.". The Morning Call. Retrieved June 2011. Check date values in:
- Fenton, Jacob. (Feb 2009). "Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?". The Morning Call.
- "Per Pupil Spending in Pennsylvania Public Schools in 2008 Sort by Administrative Spending".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Fund Balances by Local Education Agency 1997 to 2008".
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- PA Senate Appropriations Committee (June 28, 2011). "School District 2011–12 funding Report".
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- Pennsylvania Department of Education (June 30, 2011). "Basic Education Funding 2011–2012 Fiscal Year".
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- Pennsylvania Department of Education Funding Report by LEA 2009
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- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Educational Assistance Program Funding 2010–2011 Fiscal Year". Retrieved January 2011. Check date values in:
- Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. "Venango County ARRA FUNDING Report". Retrieved February 2011. Check date values in:
- Mary Spicer (January 21, 2010). "Most area school districts drop out of 'Race'". The Meadville Tribune.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Press Release (January 2009). "Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support".
- Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support
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- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Common Cents program – Making Every Dollar Count". Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Finances_Real Estate Tax Rates 2010–11".
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- Pennsylvania Department of Education 2010–11 Act 1 of 2006 Referendum Exception Guidelines.
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- Pittsburgh Post Gazette (July 28, 2011). "Law could restrict school construction projects".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2010). "Pennsylvania SSAct1_Act1 Exceptions Report 2010-2011 April 2010".
- Scarcella, Frank & Pursell, Tricia (May 25, 2010). "Local school tax assessments exceed state averages". The Daily Item.
- Pennsylvania Department ofEducation (May 1, 2011). "Property Tax Reduction Allocations 2011–2012 Fiscal Year".
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- Tax Foundation (September 22, 2009). "New Census Data on Property Taxes on Homeowners,".
- Pennsylvania Office of the Governor Press Release, (November 10, 2005). "Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities,".