Tiu Keng Leng

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For Rennie's Mill Road Historic District, a historic site in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, see List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Rennie's Mill
Rennie's Mill was rebuilt from squatter area to estate
Rennie's Mill was rebuilt from squatter area to estate
Nickname(s): Tiu Keng Leng

Rennie's Mill (also Tiu Keng Leng; Chinese: 調景嶺; pinyin: Tiáojǐnglǐng; Jyutping: tiu4 ging2 leng5) is an area of Hong Kong in the Sai Kung District adjacent to Tseung Kwan O (Junk Bay).

The area used to be a refugee village housing former Kuomintang officials and follower who escaped to Hong Kong from Mainland China after the establishment of the Perople's Republic of China (PRC); however, the original Rennie's Mill village was cleared before Hong Kong's sovereignty transfer to the PRC in 1997, and nowadays Tiu Keng Leng is thoroughly redeveloped as part of the Tseung Kwan O New Town.


Rennie's Mill in 1950s
Rennie's Mill in 1955
Rennie's Mill Middle School in 1995 flying the Republic of China flag

The earliest traceable name referring to the area nowadays known as Tiu Keng Leng was "Chiu Keng Leng" (照鏡嶺, lit. ridge of mirror reflection), being a reference to the clearness and calmness of the adjacent bay. The name was given by Tanka residents in the area.

Rennie's Mill got its name from a Canadian businessman named Alfred Herbert Rennie, who established the Hong Kong Milling Company at Junk Bay (his partners were Paul Chater and Hormusjee Naorojee Mody). The business failed, and Rennie drowned himself there in 1908, but was mistakenly reported that he hanged himself to death at that time. The incident gave the Chinese name for the site 吊頸嶺 (Tiu Keng Leng / Jyutping: diu3 geng2 leng5), meaning "Hanging (neck) Ridge", a pun on the name "Chiu Keng Leng" mentioned above. Because it was inauspicious, the name was later changed to similar sounding 調景嶺 (Tiu King Leng / Jyutping: tiu4 ging2 leng5, which can be interpreted as "ridge of adjusting situation".)

On 26 June 1950 the Hong Kong Government's Social Welfare Office (the predecessor of the Social Welfare Department) settled a considerable number of refugees from China – former Nationalist soldiers and other Kuomintang supporters (according to official government account, there were 6,800 of them) – at Rennie's Mill, following the Chinese Civil War.[1] The Hong Kong Government's original intention was to settle these refugees temporarily before they would be repatriated to Taiwan by the Kuomintang or to Mainland China by the Chinese Communist. But this day never came for the Kuomintang (under the auspices of a political-oriented charitable body named Free China Relief Association which became prominent after the government suspended food ration in 1953), the residents of the enclave became more supportive to the Kuomintang cause. Thus, by the late-1950s, in correlation with the Cold War context in Asia at the time, Rennie's Mill gradually became a "Little Taiwan" and a "Bastion Against Communism", with the flag of the Republic of China flying, its own school system and practically off-limits to the Royal Hong Kong Police Force until 1962 when the Hong Kong Government decided to turn it into a resettlement estate due to its apprehension of the growing Kuomintang presence in the enclave. It also had a significant missionary presence. Due to its pro-Kuomintang atmosphere, the 1967 Riots did not have an effect on Rennie's Mill.

In 1996 the Hong Kong government evicted the last of Rennie's Mill's residents, ostensibly to make room for new town developments, as part of the Tseung Kwan O New Town, the but widely believed to be a move to please the Communist Chinese government before the transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong in 1997.


Ocean Shores

Rennie's Mill nowadays is a fully developed residential district.

Metro Town is a private housing estate situated directly above the Tiu Keng Leng Station. With 9 towers built on top of a carpark/shopping mall podium, it is the tallest structure in the area.

To the south of Metro Town, by the seashore, also a private housing estate, is Ocean Shores. The site was previously used by Shiu Wing for its steelmill.

There are also 3 other public housing estates in the area, namely Kin Ming Estate, Choi Ming Court and Shin Ming Estate.


Before the redevelopment and reclamation in the surrounding area, Rennie's Mill could be reached by the winding, hilly and narrow Po Lam Road South, which ran past numerous busy quarries. At that time, Rennie's Mill's only means of public transport were the routes 90 and 290 of Kowloon Motor Bus, which were operated by minibuses, and by water transport.

After the redevelopment programme, Rennie's Mill is now served by the Tiu Keng Leng Station of the Tseung Kwan O Line of the MTR metro system.


Hong Kong Design Institute

Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education (IVE) – Hong Kong Design Institute (HKDI) located across the street from Metro Town is well known for the shape of its building. Designed by French architects Coldefy & Associs, it resembles a piece of paper floating mid-air featuring a glazed box raised seven storeys above the ground on four lattice-steel towers that rest on a sloping, grass-covered podium. Total construction cost amounted to HK$1.2 billion, it was opened in November 2010.

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