|(2.2 million cited 1991)|
The Tiv language is spoken by approximately thirteen million two hundred thousand people in Nigeria and Cameroon. Nigerian Tiv speakers are found in Benue State, Taraba State,Nasarawa state, Cross River State, Plateau State of Nigeria as well as FCT Abuja. It is part of the Southern Bantoid Tivoid family, a branch of Benue–Congo and ultimately of the Niger–Congo family.
The Tiv people have a tradition that is arranged in order of chiefs: 1st class chief (Tor Tiv) 2nd class chief (Ter) which is normally in charge of each local government traditional council. They also have 3rd class chiefs (Tyoor) in charge of Districts and Kindred Heads (Mbateregh) they also have Ator a Ukpande (Tax Collectors) they can also be called village heads.
- R.C.Abraham, A Dictionary of the Tiv Language, Government of Nigeria 1940, republished by Gregg Press Ltd., Farnborough, Hants., England 1968. ISBN 0576116157
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