Tivadar Zemplényi

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Tivadar Zemplényi
Tivadar Zemplényi.jpg
Tivadar Zemplényi
Born 1864
Eperjes, Hungary
Died 1917
Budapest, Hungary
Nationality Magyar Hungarian
Known for Painter
Movement Munich Realism
Awards Silver medal, St. Louis World's Fair, 1904
Zemplényi's In the Church (1889), exhibited at the 1900 Paris Exposition

Tivadar Zemplényi (1864, Eperjes – 1917, Budapest) was a Hungarian painter, noted for his realism. A medalist at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair, he also exhibited at the 1900 Exposition Universelle, as well as the Venice Biennales of 1901, 1905, and 1909.

Early years[edit]

Zemplényi was a disciple of Mihály Munkácsy, where he began en plein air painting.[1] He was a student of Károly Lotz and Bertalan Székely in Budapest, then Gabriel von Hackl and Ludwig Löfftz in Munich.[2] A graduate of the Munich Academy,[3] in 1891, he was granted a government scholarship in Italy and also visited Paris. He worked for some time as a young man in Jarovnice (Jernye), now Slovakia, where he came into contact with Pál Szinyei Merse, surveying his "Picnic in May" painting and providing encouragement and inspiration for Szinyei.[4]

Career[edit]

On his return to Hungary, Zemplényi was a member of the free school of Szolnok for many years, and also in Nagybánya. Influenced by Bastien-Lepage, his work was characterized by what is known as "Munich Realism".[5] In 1903, he was a professor in the Hungarian University of Fine Arts, where one of his students was Janos Viski. He was described in 1913 as an artist who "paints coast scenes and landscapes with a strong and virile touch, [is] an artist who understands the varying moods of mother earth, and has a keen understanding for the picturesque."[6] The people he painted in his pictures tended to be those in suffering or hardship such as peasants, the poor, and beggars.[7]

Notable paintings include Boy with Cherries (1894), Creekside with Mackerel-sky (1894), The Poor Woman´s Home (1895), Returning Home (1897–98) and Holiday (1899). His 1889 painting, In the Church, was exhibited at the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris.[8] He exhibited at the 1901,[9] 1905,[10] and 1909[11] Venice Biennales; and in London in 1908.[12] His work is included in the collections of the Budapest National Gallery.[13]

His exhibition at the Fine Arts Society received a prize in 1900 for Zarandokno ("Pilgrims"), and he received Hungary's state grand prize, a gold medal, in 1903, for Virraszszatok es imadkozztok.[14] Zemplényi was awarded a silver medal at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair in the US.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Figyelő (in Hungarian) (Public domain ed.). Z. Deutsch. 1905. pp. 55–. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Müller, Hermann Alexander (1901). Allgemeines Künstler-Lexicon (in German) (Public domain ed.). Literarische Anstalt, Rütten & Loening. pp. 146–. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Kampis, Antal (1967). The history of art in Hungary. Wellingborough, Collets. p. 286. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  4. ^ Pataky, Dénes; Merse, Pál Szinyei (1965). Pál Szinyei Merse. Corvina Press. p. 20. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "ZEMPLÉNYI, Tivadar". Fine Arts in Hungary. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Holme, Charles; Eglinton, Guy; Boswell, Peyton (1913). International studio. New York Offices of the International Studio. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  7. ^ "ZEMPLÉNYI TIVADAR" (in Hungarian). www.mke.hu. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Saglio, André; Champier, Victor; Walton, William (1900). Paris. Exposition Universelle, 1900 (Public domain ed.). Barrie. pp. 59–. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  9. ^ Biennale di Venezia, 4th (Venice) (1971). Catalog of the Venice Biennale: fourth exhibition 1901. Ayer Publishing. pp. 213–. ISBN 978-0-405-00747-7. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  10. ^ Esposizione internazionale d'arte; Esposizione biennale internazionale d'arte (1905). La Biennale di Venezia (Public domain ed.). La Biennale, 1895. pp. 158–. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Biennale di Venezia (8 : 1909) (1971). Catalog of the Venice Biennale: eighth exhibition 1909. Ayer Publishing. pp. 223–. ISBN 978-0-405-00751-4. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  12. ^ Earl's Court (1908). Hungarian exhibition in London: catalogue of the Hungarian exhibits of painting, sculpture and weaving : decorative and applied art : Earl's Court, London, May–November, 1908 (Public domain ed.). London: Gale & Polden. pp. 126–. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "Theodor (Tivadar) Zemplényi (01/11/1864 Eperjes – 22/08/1917 Budapest)". Papilio. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  14. ^ A Pallas nagy lexikona: az összes ismeretek enciklopédiája (in Hungarian) (Public domain ed.). Pallas. 1904. pp. 850–. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  15. ^ "Biography ZEMPLÉNYI, Tivadar". Fine Arts in Hungary. Association for the Hungarian Electronic Library. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 

External links[edit]