Tivoli, New York

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Tivoli, New York
Downtown Tivoli, looking east
Downtown Tivoli, looking east
Official seal of Tivoli, New York
Etymology: Jardin de Tivoli, Paris
A Community That Cares
Location of Tivoli, New York
Location of Tivoli, New York
Location of New York in the United States
Location of New York in the United States
Coordinates: 42°3′34″N 73°54′38″W / 42.05944°N 73.91056°W / 42.05944; -73.91056Coordinates: 42°3′34″N 73°54′38″W / 42.05944°N 73.91056°W / 42.05944; -73.91056
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
 • TypeVillage Hall
 • MayorJoel R. Griffith
151 ft (46 m)
Highest elevation
(Northeast corner)
190 ft (60 m)
Lowest elevation
(Sea level)
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total1,118
 • Estimate 
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)845 Exchange: 757
FIPS code36-74023
GNIS feature ID0967571

Tivoli is a village in Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population is at 1,083 according to the 2019 census.[2][3] The village, which was incorporated in 1872 from parts of Upper Red Hook Landing and Madalin, is the northernmost settlement in the county, located in the northwest part of the town of Red Hook. It is part of the PoughkeepsieNewburghMiddletown, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New YorkNewarkBridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area. It is also entirely within the Hudson River Historic District, a National Historic Landmark. The village is accessible via New York State Route 9G at an intersection with Dutchess County Route 78.

A private liberal arts college, Bard College, is located just south of the village in the hamlet of Annandale-on-Hudson, and the Kaatsbaan International Dance Center[4] is located within the village boundaries.

Mahekan Life Before Settler Colonists Encounter[edit]

Leadership was granted through the wife of a sachem (chief of the nation). Their government functioned through the sachem, the councelors, an owl and a runner. The rest consisted of warriors. The chief and councelors were in charge of negotiating with other nations through “belts and strings” that established friendships and peace. The “owl” was in charge of preserving memory and were also required to have good communication skills. They also voiced the demands of the chief to the people and wake the village to their daily routines. [5]


Centuries prior to 1492, American Indians lived on the land that is now Tivoli.[6] The Mohicans are the original occupants of the area now known as Tivoli, New York and the larger Hudson Valley. [7] The Mohicans derive from Lenni Lenape people that moved North and settled in today’s Hudson Valley. They lived alongside today’s Hudson River which they named Mahicannituck. They originally called themselves the Muh-he-con-neok (The People of the Waters That Are Never Still). Due to their location, they were often referred to as the River Indians. Their name evolved over the years, including the name “Mahikan” until it became today’s Mohican.[8]

A deed to land purchased by Robert Livingston from several Mahican Indians in July 1683 [9], is the strongest evidence that the Roelof Jansen Kill is considered to mark the downriver boundary of Mahican territory on the East side of the Hudson Valley. This land purchased would form the majority of the manor and lordship of Livingston. Historical accounts state that the settled land of Tivoli was purchased from Native American communities “legitimately” by Colonel David Schuyler on June 2nd 1688, although no records of this transaction exist today. There is speculation as to whether or not the Mohican Tribe “fully understood European notions of land ownership." This transaction would have been a trade of goods in exchange for land. This deal was part of the Schuyler Patent, a June 1688 patent defining some of the towns and villages in Dutchess County and the Poughkeepsie regional area. The patent was obtained for land in the far North-West corner of Dutchess County, lying to the East of Magdalen Island (present-day Cruger Island)[10]. The North boundary of the patent abutted the Livingston Purchase of 1683.

The village was formerly known as "Upper Red Hook Landing". An adjacent community, "Madalin", was contiguous to Upper Red Hook Landing.

Peter Delabegarre – also known as Pierre de la Bigarre – purchased land along the Hudson River in the 1790s south of Chancellor Robert R. Livingston's estate Clermont, in order to build a village he called "Tivoli"; the name was taken from the location of the Roman resort. His planned settlement was never built as he conceived it before he went bankrupt, but the name of Tivoli remained attached to the area.[11]

The village of Tivoli was incorporated in 1872, consolidating Madalin and Upper Red Hook Landing. The population at the time was 1,081.[12]

Rose Hill[edit]

Rose Hill, located on Rose Hill Lane off of Woods Road in Tivoili, New York, is an estate with a villa built in the Tuscan style in 1843 by John Watts de Peyster. The name Rose Hill comes from the summer home in Upper Manhattan of de Peyster's grandfather, Watts, which in turn was named after the grandfather's estate near Edinburgh. After his death, it became the Leake and Watts Orphan House. The estate was bought in 1964 by Dorothy Day of the Catholic Worker Movement, which operated it as a farm until 1978. As of 2017, it was the home of painters Brice and Helen Marden, owners of the Hotel Tivoli.[13]


Tivoli is located in the northwest corner of Dutchess County at 42°3′34″N 73°54′38″W / 42.05944°N 73.91056°W / 42.05944; -73.91056 (42.059370, −73.910663).[14] The Tivoli Landing, where Tivoli meets the Hudson River, offers natural advantages that has lead the Dutchess County Historical Society to assume there were sporadic American Indian encampments there. The two islands nearby provided a measure of safety.[15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.64 square miles (4.24 km2), of which 1.61 square miles (4.17 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 1.69%, is water.[3]


Major roads[edit]

Several two-lane highways traverse Tivoli. County Route 78—formerly New York State Route 402—is known as Broadway, Route 78 within the village. CR 78 ends at the Hudson River. At one time a ferry crossed the Hudson from there to Saugerties in Ulster County.[16]

The second highway, New York State Route 9G, runs along the eastern village border and has an intersection with CR 78.[17] Route 9G leads north 19 miles (31 km) to the city of Hudson and south 27 miles (43 km) to Poughkeepsie, the Dutchess County seat.

Public transportation[edit]

Tivoli is served by the route "C" bus run by Dutchess County Public Transit.[18]

Transportation from New York City is available by train from Amtrak. which serves Rhinecliff, New York, about 12 minutes away from Tivoli by car. The closest Metro-North station is in Poughkeepsie, New York, which is 45 minutes away.[11]


The government of Tivoli is made up of five elected officials, who meet at the Watts De Peyster Fireman's Hall. The hall is part of the village municipal campus, and contains the village offices.[19] The current elected officials in Tivoli are:

Watts De Peyster Fireman's Hall, now the village hall and public library
Elected position[19] Current official[19]
Mayor Joel R. Griffith
Deputy Mayor Emily Majer
Trustees Susan Ezrati, Jeanann Baldasty Schneider, Christopher Murphy


Tivoli's schoolhouse, located at 71 Broadway, was established c.1820. The "Little Red School House" was replaced in 1915 by the building currently at that site, which, by 1921, served 150 students through the high school level.[12] The building has been converted to apartments.[20]

Today, children from Tivoli attend public schools in Red Hook,[11] including:

  • Mill Road Elementary School (pre-K - 5th grade) - approximately 800 students
  • Linden Avenue Middle School (6 - 8) - 481 students
  • Red Hook Senior High School (9 - 12) - 677 students


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20161,093[1]−2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 1,163 people, 487 households, and 261 families residing in the village. The population density was 662.1 people per square mile (255.1/km²). There were 531 housing units at an average density of 302.3 per square mile (116.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.70% White, 0.43% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.69% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.92% of the population.

There were 487 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.4% were non-families. Of all households 31.4% were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the village, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 16.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $40,536, and the median income for a family was $53,393. Males had a median income of $41,375 versus $26,000 for females. The per capita income for the village was $20,478. About 6.2% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

Kaatsbaan International Dance Center[edit]

The Kaatsbaan International Dance Center, located at 120 Broadway in Tivoli, New York, is described as a "cultural park for dance". It is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization which provides a retreat for residencies of dance companies to create or develop new works. It was founded in 1990 and is located on the former 153-acre Tivoli Farms, purchased in 1997, which was once the "equestrian playground" for Eleanor Roosevelt. The grounds include a "music barn" designed by Stanford White which is designated for restoration and renovation.[23]

In popular culture[edit]

  • The first season of the USA Network series Eyewitness is set in Tivoli.
  • In the series finale of the HBO series Girls, Marnie goes to a bar in Tivoli to learn about wine and hear a jazz trio.[11]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ ""Tivoli, New York Population 2019." Tivoli, New York Population 2019 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs),". world population review. 12 May 2019. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Tivoli village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
  4. ^ http://www.kaatsbaan.org/
  5. ^ Wilson-Hamlin Gail, Encyclopedia of New York Indians Volume One A to Z, Somerset Publishers, Inc.
  6. ^ Society, Dutchess County Historical (1971). Year Book of the Dutchess County Historical Society. The Society. p. 61.
  7. ^ “Native Languages of the Americas: Mohican (Mahican, Stockbridge, Wappinger).” Mohican Language and the Mohican Indian Nation (Wappinger, Mahican, Stockbridge Indians), www.native-languages.org/mohican.htm.
  8. ^ Davids, Dorothy. "A Brief History of the Mohican Nation Stockbridge-Munsee Band" (PDF). mohican.com. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  9. ^ STARNA, WILLIAM A. (2013). From Homeland to New Land: A History of the Mahican Indians, 1600-1830. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803244955.
  10. ^ STARNA, WILLIAM A. (2013). From Homeland to New Land: A History of the Mahican Indians, 1600-1830. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803244955.
  11. ^ a b c d Lasky, Julie (June 14, 2017) "Tivoli, N.Y.: Authenticity on the Hudson" The New York Times
  12. ^ a b Moore, Lela (1921) A Brief History of Tivoli (pamphlet)
  13. ^ "Rose Hill, Tivoli, New York" Historic Structures
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ Society, Dutchess County Historical (1971). Year Book of the Dutchess County Historical Society. The Society. p. 62.
  16. ^ Overview map of CR 78 (former NY 402) (Map). Cartography by NAVTEQ. Google Maps. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  17. ^ 1977-2007 I love New York state map (Map). I Love New York. 2007.
  18. ^ "Route C Tivoli to Poughkeepsie Monday through Saturday (Southbound & Northbound) | Public Transit Division". www.dutchessny.gov. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  19. ^ a b c Village Government (Map). Tivoli, New York. Archived from the original on 2008-07-03. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  20. ^ 71 Broadway
  21. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  23. ^ Kaatsban website

External links[edit]