|Native to||United States|
|Region||New Mexico, Arizona|
tix – Southern Tiwa
twf – Northern Tiwa
pie – Piro
Subfamily members and relations
After the Pueblo Revolt against the Spanish Conquistadors in 1680, some of the Tigua and Piro fled south with the Spanish to El Paso del Norte (present-day Ciudad Juárez, Mexico). There they founded Ysleta, Texas, Socorro, Texas and Senecú del Sur where their descendants live to this day.
- Southern Tiwa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Northern Tiwa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Piro at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Tiwa–Piro". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
- Lane in Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe (1851-1883) Historical and statistical information respecting the history, condition, and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States; collected and prepared under the direction of the Bureau of Indian Affairs per act of Congress of March 3rd, 1847 Lippincott, Philadelphia, OCLC 6202862
- Marshall, Michael P. and Walt, Henry J., (1984) "Chapter 11: Pre-Revolt Place Names: Senecú" Rio Abajo: Prehistory and History of a Rio Grande Province New Mexico Historic Preservation Division, Santa Fe, p. 252, OCLC 11553460
- Eickhoff, Randy Lee (1996) Exiled: The Tigua Indians of Ysleta del Sur Republic of Texas Press, Plano, Texas, ISBN 1-55622-507-5
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