|Municipality of Tiwi|
Map of Albay with Tiwi highlighted
|Region||Bicol Region (Region V)|
|Barangays||25 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Jaime Villanueva|
|• Electorate||30,739 voters (2016)|
|• Total||105.76 km2 (40.83 sq mi)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)52|
|Climate type||Tropical rainforest climate|
|Income class||1st municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||146.1 million (2016)|
|Native languages||Central Bikol|
Albay Bikol language
Tiwi, (Central Bicolano: Banwaan kan Tiwi; Tagalog: Bayan ng Tiwi), is a 1st class municipality in the Province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 53,120 people.
The present mayor is Ami Villanueva.
Tiwi began as a barrio of Malinao before it was formally organized as a politically independent pueblo in 1696. As a pueblo, it was governed by a gobernadorcillo. As a Catholic parish, it was administered by a secular priest under the then Diocese of Nueva Caceres, now an archdiocese. In its primeval stages, it had some 1,105 houses, a parish church, a community-funded primary school, and a cemetery outside the town proper. The villagers ordinarily engaged in fishing, planting rice, corn, sugarcane, indigo, fruit-bearing trees, and vegetables. Aside from agriculture, they also busied themselves weaving cotton and abaca clothes, and in pottery.
In Kagnipa, known today as Barangay Baybay, the dilapidated Sinimbahan, the remnant of the first concrete house of worship built by the Franciscans led by the pastor of Malinao, Fray Pedro de Brosas, remains to be the deaf witness of both the villagers' ready acceptance of the Christian faith and their suffering of persecution at the hands of the Moslems; Christian missionaries called them Moros. The parola by the shore of Sitio Nipa of the same barangay testifies to the people's paralyzing fear of the Moros' capricious forays. The market site of the pueblo before these raids was located in the present location of Baybay Elementary School. In order to sidetrack surprise attacks, at least temporarily, the market site was transferred to southernmost part of now Brgy. Baybay; henceforth, it was called Binanwaan. The transfer, however, was useless. Finally, to have enough time to escape and keep themselves safer from their enemies' easy attacks, they moved the market site and their settlement to the present poblacion now named as Barangay Tigbi. Before the Moro's assaults, Brgy. Baybay was then the center of trade and commerce because of its easy accessibility to marine transportation of goods from the islands of what are now known as Catanduanes, San Miguel, Rapu-Rapu, and Batan, not to mention those from adjoining pueblos in the mainland of Ibalon, now the province of Albay, and the Camarines.
In the extant records of the municipality, the first chief executive of the municipal government was Don Lorenzo Mancilla installed in 1776.
Tiwi is located at.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 105.76 square kilometres (40.83 sq mi)  constituting 4.11% of the 2,575.77-square-kilometre- (994.51 sq mi) total area of Albay.
|Population census of Tiwi|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Tiwi had a population of 53,120. The population density was 500 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).
|Climate data for Tiwi, Albay|
|Average high °C (°F)||27
|Average low °C (°F)||22
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||138
|Average rainy days||16.8||11.9||13.5||13.8||20.5||25.2||27.4||26.2||26.1||24.7||20.7||18.5||245.3|
|Source: Meteoblue |
Roman Catholicism remained the dominant religion since its propagation in the town 1696.
Generally the town speaks Central Bikol as their first language while others speak Buhinon in the areas near Buhi, Camarines Sur. Other Bikol languages are spoken by significant minorities that are from other areas of the Bicol Region.
- Parish Church of Our Lady of Salvation, Brgy. Joroan
- Parish Church of St. Lawrence, Deacon & Martyr, Brgy. Tigbi
- Tiwi Hot Springs Resorts/Mendoza & Mirasol Resorts - Barangay Naga
- Corangon Shoal, Brgy. Baybay
- PhilCeramics, Brgy. Putsan
- Naglagbong Park cum Science Centrum Museum, Brgy.Naga
- Rangasa Spring Resort
- Sinimbahan Ruins, Brgy. Baybay
- Japanese Garden, Brgy. Tigbi
- Bugsukan Falls, Brgy. Misibis
- Baybay-Bolo Beach
- Sogod Beach
- Maslog Waterfalls, Brgy. Misibis
- Tiwi Geothermal Plants
- DJC Halo-Halo
- Capantagan Waterfalls, Brgy. Cale
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- The evolution of the nomenclature is not conclusive because a plant known as Tiwi (Bicol; Tua or Tui in Tagalog) also exists aside from the fact that the present poblacion was named differently being called Brgy. Tigbi; otherwise, it would have been simply called "poblacion".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-02. Retrieved 2015-06-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Natanauan, Rommel A. (December 2002), "Tiwi: Yesterday...Today...Tomorrow", 1st Tiwi Coron Festival Souvenir Magazine, pp. 17–19. Print
- "Municipal: Tiwi, Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Tiwi, Albay: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
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