Tiwi, Albay

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Tiwi
Municipality of Tiwi
Tiwi Church
Tiwi Church
Map of Albay with Tiwi highlighted
Map of Albay with Tiwi highlighted
Tiwi is located in Philippines
Tiwi
Tiwi
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°27′N 123°41′E / 13.45°N 123.68°E / 13.45; 123.68Coordinates: 13°27′N 123°41′E / 13.45°N 123.68°E / 13.45; 123.68
Country Philippines
RegionBicol Region (Region V)
ProvinceAlbay
District1st district
Founded1696
Barangays25 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorJaime Villanueva
 • Electorate30,739 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total105.76 km2 (40.83 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total53,120
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4513
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)52
Climate typeTropical rainforest climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)146.1 million  (2016)
Native languagesCentral Bikol
Albay Bikol language
Tagalog
Websitewww.tiwi.gov.ph

Tiwi, (Central Bicolano: Banwaan kan Tiwi; Tagalog: Bayan ng Tiwi), is a 1st class municipality in the Province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 53,120 people.[3]

The present mayor is Ami Villanueva.

History[edit]

Friars called the place Tigbi, which evolved into Tivi and, then, finally to its present name Tiwi.[4][5]

Tiwi began as a barrio of Malinao before it was formally organized as a politically independent pueblo in 1696. As a pueblo, it was governed by a gobernadorcillo. As a Catholic parish, it was administered by a secular priest under the then Diocese of Nueva Caceres, now an archdiocese. In its primeval stages, it had some 1,105 houses, a parish church, a community-funded primary school, and a cemetery outside the town proper. The villagers ordinarily engaged in fishing, planting rice, corn, sugarcane, indigo, fruit-bearing trees, and vegetables. Aside from agriculture, they also busied themselves weaving cotton and abaca clothes, and in pottery.[6]

In Kagnipa, known today as Barangay Baybay, the dilapidated Sinimbahan, the remnant of the first concrete house of worship built by the Franciscans led by the pastor of Malinao, Fray Pedro de Brosas, remains to be the deaf witness of both the villagers' ready acceptance of the Christian faith and their suffering of persecution at the hands of the Moslems; Christian missionaries called them Moros. The parola by the shore of Sitio Nipa of the same barangay testifies to the people's paralyzing fear of the Moros' capricious forays. The market site of the pueblo before these raids was located in the present location of Baybay Elementary School. In order to sidetrack surprise attacks, at least temporarily, the market site was transferred to southernmost part of now Brgy. Baybay; henceforth, it was called Binanwaan. The transfer, however, was useless. Finally, to have enough time to escape and keep themselves safer from their enemies' easy attacks, they moved the market site and their settlement to the present poblacion now named as Barangay Tigbi. Before the Moro's assaults, Brgy. Baybay was then the center of trade and commerce because of its easy accessibility to marine transportation of goods from the islands of what are now known as Catanduanes, San Miguel, Rapu-Rapu, and Batan, not to mention those from adjoining pueblos in the mainland of Ibalon, now the province of Albay, and the Camarines.[6]

In the extant records of the municipality, the first chief executive of the municipal government was Don Lorenzo Mancilla installed in 1776.

Geography[edit]

Tiwi is located at 13°27′N 123°41′E / 13.45°N 123.68°E / 13.45; 123.68.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 105.76 square kilometres (40.83 sq mi)[2] constituting 4.11% of the 2,575.77-square-kilometre- (994.51 sq mi) total area of Albay.

Barangays[edit]

Tiwi is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.[7]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[8]
050518001 Bagumbayan 4.4% 2,315 2,148 1.44%
050518002 Bariis 2.1% 1,092 921 3.30%
050518003 Baybay 4.3% 2,265 2,207 0.50%
050518004 Belen (Malabog) 2.6% 1,406 1,273 1.91%
050518005 Biyong 3.2% 1,680 1,543 1.63%
050518006 Bolo 2.3% 1,205 1,173 0.51%
050518007 Cale 10.5% 5,557 5,245 1.11%
050518008 Cararayan 3.8% 2,012 2,011 0.01%
050518009 Coro-coro 3.3% 1,747 1,587 1.85%
050518010 Dap-dap 1.7% 891 765 2.95%
050518011 Gajo 2.9% 1,536 1,489 0.59%
050518012 Joroan 5.2% 2,741 2,667 0.52%
050518013 Libjo 5.5% 2,936 2,624 2.16%
050518014 Libtong 4.3% 2,304 2,253 0.43%
050518017 Matalibong 2.6% 1,397 1,290 1.53%
050518018 Maynonong 1.6% 824 674 3.90%
050518019 Mayong 3.1% 1,632 1,660 −0.32%
050518020 Misibis 4.1% 2,192 2,064 1.15%
050518021 Naga 8.7% 4,629 4,614 0.06%
050518023 Nagas 6.0% 3,206 2,925 1.76%
050518024 Oyama 2.4% 1,289 1,208 1.24%
050518025 Putsan 2.3% 1,234 1,186 0.76%
050518026 San Bernardo 3.3% 1,759 1,530 2.69%
050518027 Sogod 4.0% 2,103 1,993 1.03%
050518028 Tigbi (Poblacion) 6.0% 3,168 3,113 0.33%
Total 53,120 50,163 1.10%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Tiwi
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,593—    
1918 10,557+0.64%
1939 12,539+0.82%
1948 14,350+1.51%
1960 17,691+1.76%
1970 22,037+2.22%
1975 24,350+2.02%
1980 28,726+3.36%
1990 34,658+1.90%
1995 39,733+2.59%
2000 44,261+2.34%
2007 49,185+1.47%
2010 50,163+0.72%
2015 53,120+1.10%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][8][9][10]

In the 2015 census, Tiwi had a population of 53,120.[3] The population density was 500 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Tiwi, Albay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 138
(5.4)
83
(3.3)
74
(2.9)
50
(2.0)
108
(4.3)
165
(6.5)
202
(8.0)
165
(6.5)
190
(7.5)
186
(7.3)
188
(7.4)
183
(7.2)
1,732
(68.3)
Average rainy days 16.8 11.9 13.5 13.8 20.5 25.2 27.4 26.2 26.1 24.7 20.7 18.5 245.3
Source: Meteoblue [11]

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholicism remained the dominant religion since its propagation in the town 1696.

Language[edit]

Generally the town speaks Central Bikol as their first language while others speak Buhinon in the areas near Buhi, Camarines Sur. Other Bikol languages are spoken by significant minorities that are from other areas of the Bicol Region.[citation needed]

The majority of the inhabitants also understand Tagalog (Filipino) and English as second languages.

Attractions[edit]

Corangon shoal, made up of mainly crushed corals and white sand, is about 15 minutes boat ride from the shore of barangay Baybay. Mounts Mayon (left), Masaraga (center) and Malinao (right) serve as the background. The entire municipality of Tiwi is located at the north-eastern side of Mount Malinao.
  • Parish Church of Our Lady of Salvation, Brgy. Joroan
  • Parish Church of St. Lawrence, Deacon & Martyr, Brgy. Tigbi
  • Tiwi Hot Springs Resorts/Mendoza & Mirasol Resorts - Barangay Naga
  • Corangon Shoal, Brgy. Baybay
  • PhilCeramics, Brgy. Putsan
  • Naglagbong Park cum Science Centrum Museum, Brgy.Naga
  • Rangasa Spring Resort
  • Sinimbahan Ruins, Brgy. Baybay
  • Japanese Garden, Brgy. Tigbi
  • Bugsukan Falls, Brgy. Misibis
  • Baybay-Bolo Beach
  • Sogod Beach
  • Maslog Waterfalls, Brgy. Misibis
  • Tiwi Geothermal Plants
  • DJC Halo-Halo
  • Capantagan Waterfalls, Brgy. Cale

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ The evolution of the nomenclature is not conclusive because a plant known as Tiwi (Bicol; Tua or Tui in Tagalog) also exists aside from the fact that the present poblacion was named differently being called Brgy. Tigbi; otherwise, it would have been simply called "poblacion".
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-02. Retrieved 2015-06-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b Natanauan, Rommel A. (December 2002), "Tiwi: Yesterday...Today...Tomorrow", 1st Tiwi Coron Festival Souvenir Magazine, pp. 17–19. Print
  7. ^ "Municipal: Tiwi, Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  8. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Tiwi, Albay: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 December 2018.

External links[edit]