Tjeldsund

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Tjeldsund kommune

Dielddanuori suohkan
View of Fjelldal in the summer
View of Fjelldal in the summer
Official logo of Tjeldsund kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Tjeldsund within Nordland
Tjeldsund within Nordland
Coordinates: 68°29′04″N 16°17′33″E / 68.48444°N 16.29250°E / 68.48444; 16.29250Coordinates: 68°29′04″N 16°17′33″E / 68.48444°N 16.29250°E / 68.48444; 16.29250
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictOfoten
Established1909
Administrative centreHol i Tjeldsund
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Liv Kristin Johnsen (H)
Area
 • Total319.33 km2 (123.29 sq mi)
 • Land310.15 km2 (119.75 sq mi)
 • Water9.18 km2 (3.54 sq mi)  2.9%
Area rank267 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,259
 • Rank373 in Norway
 • Density4.1/km2 (11/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-5.9%
Demonym(s)Tjeldsunding [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1852
Official language formBokmål [2]
Websitetjeldsund.kommune.no

Tjeldsund (Northern Sami: Dielddanuorri) is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Ofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Hol i Tjeldsund. Other important villages include Fjelldal, Myklebostad, and Ramsund. Norges Brannskole (Norway's education and training center for firemen) is situated in Fjelldal in the northeastern part of the municipality. Marinejegerkommandoen is based south of Ramsund.

The 319-square-kilometre (123 sq mi) municipality is the 267th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Tjeldsund is the 373rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,259. The municipality's population density is 4.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (11/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 5.9% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information[edit]

Sætertinden at the Tjeldsund-Harstad municipality border is the highest mountain on Hinnøya.

The municipality of Tjeldsund was established on 1 January 1909 when it was separated from the large Lødingen Municipality. Tjeldsund encompassed the eastern part of Lødingen prior to the division. Initially, Tjeldsund had a population of 1,404.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the western part of the island of Tjeldøya (population: 297) was transferred to Tjeldsund Municipality from Lødingen Municipality, uniting the whole island within the same municipality. On the same date, the unpopulated Ramnes area of Evenes Municipality was also transferred to Tjeldsund Municipality.[5]

The municipality is scheduled to merge with the neighboring Skånland Municipality (in Troms county) on 1 January 2020. The new municipality will be named Tjeldsund and it will be part of Troms county.[6]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the Tjeldsundet strait between the islands of Tjeldøya and Hinnøya. The first element is the (uncompounded) Old Norse name of Tjeldøya (Tjöld or Tjalda) and the last element is sund which means "strait" or "sound". The name of the island is probably derived from the word tjald which means "tent" or the similar word tjaldr which means "oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus)".[7]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 29 June 1990. The arms show a blue-colored Anthony's cross on a silver or white background. The Anthony's cross is a canting of the letter T, the first letter of the name Tjeldsund.[8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Tjeldsund. It is part of the Ofoten prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Tjeldsund
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Tjeldsund Tjeldsund Church Hol i Tjeldsund 1863
Fjelldal Chapel Fjelldal 1960
Ramsund Chapel Ramsund 1964

Geography[edit]

Aerial view over Tjeldsund and part of Ofotfjord in January. Tjeldsund is partly located on the mainland, but also includes Tjeldøya (island).

Tjeldsund is located in Nordland county on the border with Troms county. Tjeldsund is mostly located on the island of Tjeldøya which is surrounded by the Ofotfjorden on the south, the Tjeldsundet strait to the west and north, and the Ramsundet strait to the east. The island is connected to the mainland by the Ramsund Bridge. The rest of the municipality is a small area on the mainland to the east of Tjeldøya and a small area on the island of Hinnøya to the north of Tjeldøya. The municipalities of Evenes (in Nordland) and Skånland (in Troms) lies to the east of Tjeldsund, Harstad and Kvæfjord (in Troms) lie to the north, Lødingen to the west, and Ballangen to the south.

View of the Tjeldsundet

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hol i Tjeldsund
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.5
(34.7)
6.3
(43.3)
9.9
(49.8)
12.3
(54.1)
11.8
(53.2)
7.9
(46.2)
3.9
(39.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
3.5
(38.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 101
(4.0)
91
(3.6)
74
(2.9)
61
(2.4)
49
(1.9)
54
(2.1)
76
(3.0)
81
(3.2)
100
(3.9)
141
(5.6)
102
(4.0)
115
(4.5)
1,045
(41.1)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[9]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Tjeldsund, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Ofoten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Tjeldsund is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Tjeldsund Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List (Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)1
Total number of members:21
Tjeldsund Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List (Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)3
Total number of members:17
Tjeldsund Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Hinnøy Area Cross-Party List (Hinnøysiden Tverrpolitiske liste)3
 Municipal List: Fiskefjord-Kongsvik-Hårvik
(Bygdelista Fiskefjord-Kongsvik-Hårvik)
1
Total number of members:17

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Den nye kommunen". Tjeldsund2020.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  7. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Tjeldsund" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-06-11.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  9. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  10. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Nordland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  12. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Nordland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-28.

External links[edit]