Tkuma (political party)
Hanan Porat (1998–99)|
Zvi Hendel (1999–2009)
Ya'akov Katz (2009–12)
Uri Ariel (2012–)
|Split from||National Religious Party|
|National affiliation||The Jewish Home|
|Seats in Knesset||
2 / 120
|Most MKs||5 (2013)|
Tkuma was established in 1998 when Hanan Porat and Zvi Hendel left the National Religious Party. At first, the new party was named Emunim (Hebrew: אמונים, [The] Faithful), but was later renamed Tkuma. Together with Moledet and Herut – The National Movement, they formed the National Union, which won four seats in the 1999 elections.
For the 2003 elections, Yisrael Beiteinu joined the National Union (though Herut left), with its increased support helping to win 7 seats. The party was included in Ariel Sharon's coalition, alongside Likud, Shinui, the National Religious Party, and Yisrael BaAliyah.
Because of tensions over the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip (Tkuma was ideologically opposed, and Hendel lived in the Gaza settlement of Ganei Tal), National Union ministers Binyamin Elon and Avigdor Lieberman were sacked, and the party left the coalition. However, the National Union was bolstered by the addition of Ahi, which had split off from the National Religious Party when they decided to remain in the coalition.
Before the 2006 elections, Yisrael Beiteinu left the alliance to fight the election alone. However, at the last minute, the National Religious Party decided to join the alliance, which won nine seats, two of which were allocated to Tkuma and taken by Hendel and Uri Ariel.
On 3 November 2008, the party announced a merger with Ahi, the National Religious Party, and Moledet to form a new right-wing party, which was later named the Jewish Home. However, around half the former Tkuma members later left the new party to re-establish Tkuma, and rejoin the National Union alongside Moledet, Hatikva, and Eretz Yisrael Shelanu.
In 2012, the party opted to run as part of the Jewish Home list for the 2013 elections. The joint list won 12 seats, four of which (Ariel, Ben-Dahan, Kalfa, and Strook) were nominated by the Tkuma central committee. The party decided to continue its alliance with the Jewish Home for the 2015 Knesset elections, taking the 2nd, 8th, 13th, and 17th spots on the joint list. The Jewish Home dropped to 8 seats in that election.
Tkuma is against territorial concessions. Some members support the annexation of the entire West Bank, though the official policy of the Jewish Home parliamentary faction, of which it is part, supports only annexation of Area C of the West Bank.
- "Parliamentary Groups in the Knesset".
- "Israeli Election Results- May 1999".
- "Factional and Government Make-Up of the Sixteenth Knesset".
- "Mergers and Splits Among Parliamentary Groups".
- Meranda, Amnon (3 November 2008). "Right-wing parties unite". Ynetnews. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Ezra, Hezki (20 December 2014). "Tekuma Decides: No Split from Jewish Home". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Avi Lewis (12 January 2015). "Jewish Home faction Tekumah selects Knesset candidates". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "תוצאות האמת של הבחירות לכנסת ה-20".[permanent dead link]
- Raphael Ahren (12 March 2015). "From annexation to right of return: What the parties say about the Palestinians". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "2015 Elections". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
- Official website (in Hebrew)