Tošin Bunar

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Tošin Bunar
Тошин Бунар
Улица Тошин Бунар.jpg
Country Serbia
City Belgrade
Municipality New Belgrade

Tošin Bunar (Serbian Cyrillic: Тошин Бунар) is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of New Belgrade.

Location[edit]

Tošin Bunar generally refers to an area alongside the Tošin Bunar Street, over 3 km long meridionally stretched street that connects Bežanija, Novi Beograd and Zemun. It begins at Bežanijska Kosa and also passes between the neighborhoods of Studentski Grad (where it crosses the European route E75 with large interchange), Kalvarija and Paviljoni, while in the end, through the short Ivićeva and Bežanijska streets, it enters the center of Zemun.

History[edit]

The name, Tošin Bunar, is Serbian for Toša's water well and it was named after Teodor Toša Apostolović (1745–1810), Serbian merchant and philanthropist who donated the land between Bežanija and Zemun to the Serbian church municipality of Zemun. He dug a đeram, cattle-drawn water well, and built a kafana around it. Urban legend claims that Apostolović was losing his eyesight after he turned 50. He was told in a dream that a waters which could heal him are where the good vineyards grow, bellow the loess ridge of Bežanijska Kosa. He was told to roll the barrel down the hill and where the barrel stops, he should discover a spring and dig a well. He has done so and got healed. Kafana was originally named Tošin Bunar, which later became the name of the street and the neighborhood. Apostolović, originally a Greek named Theodoros Apostolos, built a small meyhane, across the Austrian excise or the customs, which was located where Studentski Grad is today. Originally, only huts for the keepers of the vineyards and gardens existed around kafana and the real settlement began to develop between the two world wars. When Studentski Grad was built, from 1949 to 1955, the well and the spring were buried.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

As a neighborhood, the name is usually applied for a section on the left side of the street, in Novi Beograd's Block 6, south of Kalvarija. It is a rural-like neighborhood with small residential houses with backyards, which leave an impression of almost being dug into the yellow loess ridge of Bežanijska Kosa, quite visible in this section and whose eastern border the Tošin Bunar street generally follows. With such characteristics, it makes quite a contrast to the rest of Novi Beograd, especially coming oran }inidirection of Fontana or Studenski Grad through the Boulevard of Zoran Đinđić and Pariske komune streets (Paris Commune street).

Kafana Tošin Bunar, founded in c1800, still exists though its present building is constructed in c1910. It is located at the crossroads of the Tošin Bunar, Boulevard of Zoran Đinđić and Studentska streets and is administratively in the municipality of New Belgrade. During the time, it became a gathering place for the local youth and after the World War II, while the spring and the well still existed, it was a favorite place for the ′′Prvomajski uranak′′ or "Labour Day early outing". Later, it became the most popular restaurant among the students from the neighboring Studentski Grad. Restaurant was so popular that it has been visited by the President of Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito, and some of his foreign guests, like the President of Indonesia, Sukarno. The building was reconstructed in 1967, 1996 and, after the fire, in 2012.[1]

Since 2005, the corner of the Tošin Bunar street and the Third Boulevard (Block 37) is in the process of becoming a major commercial area. Third Boulevard for decades was a dead end street as many families had temporary refuge in a barracks remained after the street's construction and disconnecting the two streets. Dispute was settled in 2005 and the Third Boulevard was extended to reach the Tošin Bunar street.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dragana Jokić Stamenković (6 June 2012), "Tošin bunar poput Feniksa", Politika (in Serbian) 

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 44°50′N 20°24′E / 44.833°N 20.400°E / 44.833; 20.400