To an Athlete Dying Young
"To An Athlete Dying Young" is a poem in A.E. Housman's A Shropshire Lad (1896). It is characterized as a lyric poem and also a elegy. It is perhaps one of the best-known poems pertaining to early death; in this case, that of a young man at the height of his physical prowess. The setting is the funeral of a champion athlete, a young runner.
Housman wrote the poem in 1896, perhaps inspired by the death of his close friend Adalbert Jackson in 1892. Published in the period between the two Boer Wars, the poem gained even more popularity during World War I, as many saw it as a poignant lament for the lost generation of so many bright, young men, cut down in their prime.
The time you won your town the race,
We chaired you through the marketplace;
Man and boy stood cheering by,
As home we brought you shoulder-high.
To-day, the road all runners come,
Shoulder-high we bring you home,
And set you at your threshold down,
Townsman of a stiller town.
Smart lad, to slip betimes away
From fields where glory does not stay
And early though the laurel grows
It withers quicker than the rose.
Eyes the shady night has shut
Cannot see the record cut,
And silence sounds no worse than cheers
After earth has stopped the ears:
Now you will not swell the rout
Of lads that wore their honours out,
Runners whom renown outran
And the name died before the man.
So set, before its echoes fade,
The fleet foot on the sill of shade,
And hold to the low lintel up
The still-defended challenge-cup.
And round that early-laurelled head
Will flock to gaze the strengthless dead,
And find unwithered on its curls
The garland briefer than a girls.
The poem has been described as a "thought-provoking poem" with "beautiful imagery and rhyme scheme" which "makes the reader think about life and its meaning."
References in other media
- During his coverage of the Munich Olympics in 1972, reporter Jim McKay read the poem on air following the announcement that all eleven Israeli athletes taken hostage by Black September had been killed (two in their hotel rooms, nine at an airport on the night of McKay's broadcast).
It is mention in the book Tangerine in which it is used honor Mike's death
- The third stanza of the poem was used as an epigraph for a 1987 Sports Illustrated article on Heisman Trophy winner Nile Clarke Kinnick, Jr.
- Karen Blixen (Meryl Streep) reads an abridgment of the poem is read as a eulogy in the 1985 Academy Award-winning film, Out of Africa.
- Krusty the Clown quotes the poem as he announces his retirement from comedy in The Simpsons episode The Last Temptation of Krust.
- The second stanza is quoted near the end of the book Messenger by Lois Lowry.
- Nabokov's Lolita contains an allusion to the last line of the poem. Describing Lolita, the narrator, Humbert Humbert, mentions "her bi-iliac garland still as brief as a lad’s".
- RedLetterMedia's critique of Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull features a portion of the poem, suggesting the narrator's supposed retirement.
- "To an Athlete Dying Young". Cummings Study Guides. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- Mahoney, Blair (2009). Poetry Reloaded. Cambridge University Press. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-521-74661-8.