To Die For
|To Die For|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Gus Van Sant|
|Produced by||Laura Ziskin|
|Screenplay by||Buck Henry|
|Based on||To Die For
by Joyce Maynard
|Music by||Danny Elfman|
|Cinematography||Eric Alan Edwards|
|Edited by||Curtiss Clayton|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
To Die For is a 1995 American crime comedy-drama film, made in a mockumentary format, directed by Gus Van Sant and written by Buck Henry, based on the novel of the same name by Joyce Maynard, which in turn was based on the factual story of Pamela Smart. It stars Nicole Kidman, Matt Dillon, and Joaquin Phoenix. Major supporting roles feature Illeana Douglas, Wayne Knight, Casey Affleck, Kurtwood Smith, Dan Hedaya, and Alison Folland. Kidman was nominated for a BAFTA and won a Golden Globe Award and a Best Actress Award at the 1st Empire Awards for her performance. Her character has been described as suffering from narcissistic personality disorder in the scientific journal BMC Psychiatry.
Suzanne Stone (Nicole Kidman) dreams of being a world-famous news anchor. To that end, she marries Larry Maretto (Matt Dillon), due to mutual attraction and because she believes his family business will keep her financially comfortable, and she starts attempting to climb the network news ladder, beginning as a meteorologist at a local cable station, WWEN.
When Larry starts asking her to take time off from her career to start a family, she immediately begins plotting to get rid of him. To this end, she uses the subjects of her TV documentary, a high school project called "Teens Speak Out," and seduces one of her students, Jimmy Emmett (Joaquin Phoenix), and manipulates him and his friends, delinquent Russell Hines (Casey Affleck) and shy Lydia Mertz (Alison Folland), into killing Larry. With the help of Russell and Lydia, Jimmy ultimately commits the murder.
Though Larry's death is ruled a burglary-murder, the police begin investigating when they stumble across a "Teens Speak Out" video of Suzanne at Jimmy's school in which Jimmy discreetly hints at a relationship with Suzanne, provided by her boss, Ed Grant (Wayne Knight). Jimmy, Russell and Lydia are arrested. Lydia makes a deal with the police to converse with Suzanne while wearing a wiretap, and Suzanne unwittingly reveals her hand in the murder. Despite this undeniable proof of Suzanne's guilt, however, she is acquitted in court, on the basis that the police had resorted to entrapment, and walks free. Suzanne basks in the media spotlight as she talks to reporters about Larry's death, and fabricates a story about her husband being a drug addict and being murdered by Jimmy and Russell as his dealers. Jimmy and Russell are sentenced to life in prison, though Russell appeals against his sentence and receives sixteen years instead, while Lydia is released on probation for her cooperation.
Larry's father, Joe (Dan Hedaya), sees Suzanne lying about Larry on television, and realizes that Suzanne was behind his son's murder. He then uses his Mafia connections to have her murdered. The hitman (David Cronenberg) lures Suzanne away from her home by pretending to be interested in broadcasting her life story, kills her, and then buries her under a frozen lake. Lydia gains national attention by telling her side of the story in a television interview, becoming a celebrity. Larry's sister, Janice (Illeana Douglas), practices her figure skating on the frozen lake where Suzanne's corpse is hidden.
To Die For is a mixture of styles, combining a traditional drama with darkly comic direct-to-camera monologues by Kidman's character, and mockumentary interviews, some tragic, with certain of the other characters in the film.
The film and the novel it is based on were both inspired by the facts that emerged during the trial of Pamela Smart, a school media services coordinator who was imprisoned for seducing a 16-year-old student and convincing him to kill her husband.
Katherine Ramsland of Crime Library describes the film as an example of a work displaying women with antisocial personalities; Ramsland describes Suzanne as a "manipulator extraordinaire" who harms people through third parties.
In her review in The New York Times, Janet Maslin called the film "an irresistible black comedy and a wicked delight" and added, "[it] takes aim at tabloid ethics and hits a solid bull's-eye, with Ms. Kidman's teasingly beautiful Suzanne as the most alluring of media-mad monsters. The target is broad, but Gus Van Sant's film is too expertly sharp and funny for that to matter; instead, it shows off this director's slyness better than any of his work since Drugstore Cowboy . . . Both Mr. Van Sant and Ms. Kidman have reinvented themselves miraculously for this occasion, which brings out the best in all concerned."
Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle said of Kidman, "[she] brings to the role layers of meaning, intention and impulse. Telling her story in close-up - as she does throughout the film - Kidman lets you see the calculation, the wheels turning, the transparent efforts to charm that succeed in charming all the same . . . her beauty and magnetism are electric. Undeniably she belongs on camera, which means it's equally undeniable that Suzanne belongs on camera. That in itself is an irony, a commentary or both."
Emanuel Levy wrote, "mean-spirited satire, told in mock-tabloid style, this film features the best performance of Nicole Kidman to date (better than The Hours for which she won an Oscar), as an amoral small-town girl obsessed with becoming a TV star."
American Film Institute recognition:
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains:
- Suzanne Stone – Nominated Villain
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs – Nominated
- "Empire Awards Past Winners - 1996". Empireonline.com. Bauer Consumer Media. 2003. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
- Hesse M, Schliewe S, Thomsen RR; Schliewe; Thomsen (2005). "Rating of personality disorder features in popular movie characters". BMC Psychiatry. London: BioMed Central. 5: 45. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-5-45. PMC . PMID 16336663.
- "A ROLE TO DIE FOR A JUICY PART HELPS NICOLE KIDMAN ESCAPE HER IMAGE AS TOM CRUISE'S WIFE.". Sun Sentinel. 1995-10-05. Retrieved 2010-11-13.
- "'To Die For’ killer teacher Pamela Smart may get payday in lawsuit" , "NYDailyNews.com"
- "An Actress To Die For", Time
- Thomson, David (2006). Nicole Kidman. Bloomsbury.
- "Festival de Cannes: To Die For". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- Ramsland, Katherine. "Women Who Kill, Part Two - Crime Library on truTV.com". www.trutv.com. Archived from the original on 23 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- Maslin, Janet (1995-09-27). "Movie Review - To Die For; She Trusts in TV's Redeeming Power - NYTimes.com". movies.nytimes.com. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- LaSalle, Mike (1995-10-06). "Film Review-- Kidman Monstrously Good in `To Die For'". sfgate.com. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- "To Die For". rottentomatoes.com. 29 September 1995.
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees