|To Sir, with Love|
|Directed by||James Clavell|
|Screenplay by||James Clavell|
|Based on||To Sir, With Love|
by E. R. Braithwaite
|Produced by||James Clavell |
John R. Sloan
|Cinematography||Paul Beeson, B.S.C.|
|Edited by||Peter Thornton|
|Music by||Ron Grainer|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Budget||$625,000 or $600,000|
|Box office||$42,432,803 or $22 million|
To Sir, with Love is a 1967 British drama film that deals with social and racial issues in an inner city school. It stars Sidney Poitier and features Christian Roberts, Judy Geeson, Suzy Kendall and singer Lulu making her film debut. James Clavell directed from his own screenplay, which was based on E. R. Braithwaite's 1959 autobiographical novel of the same name.
The film's title song "To Sir with Love", sung by Lulu, peaked at the top of the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States for five weeks in the autumn of 1967 and ultimately was the best-selling single in the United States of that year. The movie ranked number 27 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the 50 Best High School Movies.
A made-for-television sequel, To Sir, with Love II (1996), was released nearly three decades later, with Poitier reprising his starring role.
In the mid-1960s, Mark Thackeray, an immigrant to Britain from British Guiana, has been unable to obtain an engineering position despite an 18-month job search. He accepts a teaching post for Class 12 at North Quay Secondary School in the tough East End of London, as an interim position, despite having no experience.
The pupils there have been rejected from other schools, and Thackeray is a replacement for the deceased former teacher. The pupils, led by Bert Denham and Pamela Dare (who later develops a strong crush on Thackeray), behave badly: their antics range from vandalism to distasteful pranks. Thackeray retains a calm demeanour, but loses his temper when he discovers something being burned in the classroom stove, which turns out to be a girl's sanitary towel. He orders the boys out of the classroom, then reprimands all the girls, either for being responsible or passively observing, for what he says is their "slutty behaviour". Thackeray is angry with himself for allowing his pupils to incense him. Changing his approach, he informs the class that they will no longer study from textbooks. Until the end of term, he will treat them as adults and expects them to behave as such. He declares that they will address him as 'Sir' or 'Mr. Thackeray'; the girls will be addressed as 'Miss' and boys by their surnames. They are also allowed to discuss any issue they wish. He gradually wins over the class, except for Denham who continually baits him.
Thackeray arranges a class outing to the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Natural History Museum in South Kensington which goes well. The trip is represented by a series of still photographs as Lulu sings "To Sir with Love".
He loses some support when he defuses a potentially violent situation between his student Potter and the gym teacher, Mr. Bell. He demands that Potter apologise directly to Bell, even if he believes Bell was wrong. The group later refuses to invite Thackeray to the class dance. When mixed-race student Seales' white English mother dies, the class takes up a collection for a wreath but refuse to accept Thackeray's donation. The students decline to deliver the wreath in person to Seales' house, fearing neighbourhood gossip for visiting a "coloured" person's house.
The headmaster tells Thackeray that the "adult approach" has failed, and future outings are cancelled. Thackeray is to take over the boys' gym classes until the headmaster can find a replacement. Meanwhile, Thackeray receives an engineering job offer in the post.
Pamela Dare's mother asks for Thackeray to talk to her daughter about her behaviour at home, but this annoys Pamela, whom Thackeray believes is infatuated with him. During a gym class, Denham smugly challenges Thackeray to a boxing match. Denham delivers several blows to Thackeray's face but the bout comes to an abrupt end when Thackeray delivers one punch to Denham's solar plexus. Thackeray compliments Denham's ability and suggests he teach boxing to the younger pupils next year. Denham, finally impressed by Thackeray, expresses his admiration for Thackeray to his classmates. Thackeray regains their respect and is invited to the class dance. Later, when Thackeray attends the funeral of Seales' mother, he is touched to find that his lectures on personal choice and responsibility have had an effect and the entire class has attended.
At the dance, Pamela persuades Thackeray to be her partner for the "Ladies Choice" dance. Afterward, the class presents to Thackeray "a little present to remember us by". Too moved to speak, Thackeray retires to his classroom.
A rowdy couple abruptly enters the classroom. They mock Thackeray's gift, a silver tankard and card inscribed "To Sir, with love" signed by the entire departing class, and goad Thackeray that they will be in his class next year. After they leave, Thackeray stands up and tears up the engineering job offer, reconciled to the work he has ahead of him. He then takes a flower from the vase on his desk, places it in his lapel, and leaves.
- Sidney Poitier as Mr Mark Thackeray
- Judy Geeson as Pamela Dare
- Christian Roberts as Bert Denham
- Suzy Kendall as Miss Gillian Blanchard
- Lulu as Barbara "Babs" Pegg
- Faith Brook as Miss Grace Evans
- Geoffrey Bayldon as Mr Theo Weston
- Patricia Routledge as Clinty Clintridge
- Ann Bell as Mrs Dare
- Christopher Chittell as Potter
- Adrienne Posta as Moira Joseph
- Edward Burnham as Mr Florian, headmaster
- Rita Webb as Mrs Joseph
- Gareth Robinson as Tich Jackson
- Lynne Sue Moon as Miss Wong
- Anthony Villaroel as Seales
- Richard Willson as Curly
- Michael Des Barres as Williams
- Fred Griffiths as Market Stallholder
- Marianne Stone as Gert
- Dervis Ward as Mr Bell (P.T. Teacher)
- Fiona Duncan as Euphemia Phillips
- Mona Bruce as Josie Dawes
- Margaret Heald as Osgood
- Sally Cann as Schoolgirl
- Stewart Bevan as Schoolboy
- The Mindbenders as Themselves
Sidney Poitier and James Clavell wanted to do the film, but Columbia was reluctant. They agreed to make the film for small fees, provided Poitier got 10% of the gross and Clavell 30% of the profits. "When we were ready to shoot, Columbia wanted either a rape or a big fight put in," said Martin Baum. "We held out, saying this was a gentle story, and we won."
Upon its U.S. release, Bosley Crowther began his review by contrasting the film with Poitier's role and performance in the 1955 film Blackboard Jungle; unlike that earlier film, Crowther says "a nice air of gentility suffuses this pretty color film, and Mr. Poitier gives a quaint example of being proper and turning the other cheek. Although he controls himself with difficulty in some of his confrontations with his class, and even flares up on one occasion, he never acts like a boor, the way one of his fellow teachers (played by Geoffrey Bayldon) does. Except for a few barbed comments by the latter, there is little intrusion of or discussion about the issue of race: It is as discreetly played down as are many other probable tensions in this school. To Sir, with Love comes off as a cozy, good-humored and unbelievable little tale."
Halliwell's Film and Video Guide describes it as "sentimental non-realism" and quotes a Monthly Film Bulletin review (possibly contemporary with its British release), which claims that "the sententious script sounds as if it has been written by a zealous Sunday school teacher after a particularly exhilarating boycott of South African oranges".
The Time Out Film Guide says that it "bears no resemblance to school life as we know it" and the "hoodlums' miraculous reformation a week before the end of term (thanks to teacher Poitier) is laughable". Although agreeing with the claims about the film's sentimentality, and giving it a mediocre rating, the Virgin Film Guide asserts: "What makes [this] such an enjoyable film is the mythic nature of Poitier's character. He manages to come across as a real person, while simultaneously embodying everything there is to know about morality, respect and integrity."
The film premiered and became a hit one month before another film about troubled schools, Up the Down Staircase, appeared.
The novel's author E.R. Braithwaite loathed the film, although it provided him with some financial security, particularly because of its omission of the novel's interracial relationship.
To Sir, with Love holds an 89% "Fresh" rating on the review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes based on 28 reviews. The film grossed $42,432,803 at the box office in the United States, yielding $19,100,000 in rentals, on a $640,000 budget, making it the sixth highest grossing picture of 1967 in the US. Poitier especially benefited from that film's success considering he agreed on a mere $30,000 fee in exchange for 10% of the gross box office and thus arranged one of the most impressive payoffs in film history. In fact, although Columbia insisted on an annual cap to Poitier of $25,000 to fulfill that percentage term, the studio was forced to revise the deal with Poitier when they calculated they would be committed to 80 years of those payments.
Despite the character of Mark Thackeray being a leading role, the film has been criticised in modern times for Portier's portrayal of the Magical Negro trope. Specific criticism of the portrayal was directed at the character's service as the sounding board and voice of reason for white antagonists.
|To Sir, with Love|
|Soundtrack album by |
|Singles from To Sir, with Love|
The soundtrack album features music by Lulu, The Mindbenders, and incidental music by Ron Grainer. The original album was released on Fontana Records. It was re-released onto CD in 1995. AllMusic rated it three stars out of five.
- "To Sir With Love" (lyrics: Don Black; music: Mark London) – Lulu
- School Break Dancing "Stealing My Love from Me" (lyrics & music: Mark London) – Lulu
- Thackeray meets Faculty, Then Alone
- Music from Lunch Break "Off and Running" (lyric: Toni Wine; music: Carole Bayer) – The Mindbenders
- Thackeray Loses Temper, Gets an Idea
- Museum Outings Montage "To Sir, with Love" - Lulu
- A Classical Lesson
- Perhaps I Could Tidy Your Desk
- Potter's loss of temper in gym
- Thackeray reads letter about job
- Thackeray and Denham box in gym
- The funeral
- End of Term Dance "It's Getting Harder all the Time" (lyrics: Ben Raleigh; music: Charles Abertine) – The Mindbenders
- To Sir With Love – Lulu
James Clavell and Lulu's manager Marion Massey were angered and disappointed when the title song was not included in the nominations for the Academy Award for Best Original Song at the 40th Academy Awards in 1968. Clavell and Massey raised a formal objection to the exclusion, but to no avail.
Awards and honours
|Directors Guild of America Awards||Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures||James Clavell||Nominated|
|Grammy Awards||Best Original Score from a Motion Picture or Television Show||Ron Grainer, Don Black and Mark London||Nominated|
|Laurel Awards||Sleeper of the Year||Won|
|New Male Face||Christian Roberts||Nominated|
|New Female Face||Judy Geeson||2nd Place|
The film is recognised by American Film Institute in these lists:
- The Hindi film Imtihan (1974) starring Vinod Khanna as the teacher, and Tanuja as his love interest, was inspired by the film
- The Egyptian comedy Madrast Al-Mushaghebeen was inspired by the film.
- Up the Down Staircase, also released in 1967
- List of teachers portrayed in films
- "An author at home in Hollywood and Hong Kong". Dudar, Helen. Chicago Tribune. 12 April 1981: e1.
- A Blue-Ribbon Packager of Movie Deals Warga, Wayne. Los Angeles Times 20 April 1969: w1.
- "To Sir, With Love, Box Office Information". The Numbers. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "50 Best High School Movies". Entertainment Weekly. 28 August 2015.
- "To Sir, With Love". Movie-Locations.com. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
- Crowther, Bosley (15 June 1967). "Poitier Meets the Cockneys: He Plays Teacher Who Wins Pupils Over". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Walker, John, ed. (1999). Halliwell's Film and Video Guide 2000. London: HarperCollins. p. 845. ISBN 0-00-653165-2.
- David Pirie review in, John Pym (ed), Time Out Film Guide 2009, London: Ebury, 2008, p. 1098.
- The Seventh Virgin Film Guide, London: Virgin Publishing, 1998, p. 729. Published by Cinebooks in the US. The "mediocre rating" claim is based on the authors giving the film three out of five stars.
- Thomas, Susie (2013). "E.R. Braithwaite: To Sir, with Love". London Fictions. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
- "To Sir, with Love, Movie Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
- Harris, Mark (2008). Pictures at a Revolution: Five Films and the Birth of a New Hollywood. Penguin Press. p. 328. ISBN 9781594201523.
- "Obama the 'Magic Negro'". Los Angeles Times. 19 March 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2022.
- To Sir, with Love at AllMusic
- "Top Single". Cash Box Magazine Charts. Cashbox. 1967. Archived from the original on 27 September 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- Lulu: I Don't Want To Fight. Sphere Books (2 Dec. 2010) Paperback Edition. ISBN 978-0751546255
- DGA 1967. Dga.org. Retrieved on 24 April 2012.
- "Grammy Awards (1968)". IMDb.
- "To Sir, with Love". IMDb.
- "Christian Roberts". IMDb.
- "Judy Geeson". IMDb.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 5 August 2016.