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Gorskii 04668u.jpg
Confluence of Irtych and Tobol in Tobolsk in 1912
Tobol river 2 layers en.svg
Map of the Tobol watershed
Physical characteristics
 • locationTurgay Plateau
 • coordinates
58°09′14″N 68°12′55″E / 58.1539°N 68.2153°E / 58.1539; 68.2153Coordinates: 58°09′14″N 68°12′55″E / 58.1539°N 68.2153°E / 58.1539; 68.2153
Length1,591 km (989 mi)
Basin size426,000 km2 (164,000 sq mi)
 • average805 cubic metres per second (28,400 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionIrtyshObKara Sea

The Tobol (Russian: Тобол, Kazakh: Тобыл Tobyl) is a river and the main (left) tributary of the Irtysh. Its length is 1,591 km (989 mi), and the area of its drainage basin is 426,000 km2 (164,000 sq mi).[1]


The Tobol River was one of the four important rivers of the Siberia Khanate. In 1428 the khan was killed in a battle with the forces of Abu'l-Khayr Khan at the Battle of Tobol.[2]

In the 16th century, the Tobol was the eastern terminus of the portage route leading westward to the rivers Vishera and Kama.

Cities and towns on the Tobol[edit]

Main tributaries[edit]

The largest tributaries of the Tobol are, from source to mouth:[1]


  1. ^ a b Река Тобол in the State Water Register of Russia (Russian)
  2. ^ Forsyth, James (1992). A History of the Peoples of Siberia: Russia's North Asian Colony, 1581-1990. Cambridge University Press. p. 25. ISBN 0-521-47771-9.