Toceranib

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Toceranib
Toceranib.svg
Ball-and-stick model of the toceranib molecule
Clinical data
Trade namesPalladia
AHFS/Drugs.comVeterinary Use
License data
Routes of
administration
By mouth
Drug classAntineoplastic agent
ATCvet code
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability77%
Protein binding91%-93%
Elimination half-life16 h
Identifiers
  • 5-[(5Z)-(5-fluoro-2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-3H-indol-3-ylidene)methyl]-2,4-dimethyl-N-[2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)ethyl]-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxamide
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
PDB ligand
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC22H25FN4O2
Molar mass396.466 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • Fc1ccc2c(c1)/C(C(=O)N2)=C/c4c(c(C(=O)NCCN3CCCC3)c([nH]4)C)C

Toceranib is a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor and is used in the treatment[1] of canine mast cell tumor also called mastocytoma. Together with masitinib (Kinavet (US)/Masivet (EU/ROW) by AB Science), toceranib is the only dog-specific anti-cancer drug[2] approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).[3][4] It is sold under the brand name Palladia as its phosphate salt, toceranib phosphate (INN) by Pfizer. It was developed by SUGEN as SU11654,[5] a sister compound to sunitinib, which was later approved for human therapies. Toceranib is likely to act mostly through inhibition of the kit tyrosine kinase, though it may also have an anti-angiogenic effect.

References[edit]

  1. ^ London CA, Malpas PB, Wood-Follis SL, et al. (June 2009). "Multi-center, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind, Randomized Study of Oral Toceranib Phosphate (SU11654), a Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, for the Treatment of Dogs with Recurrent (Either Local or Distant) Mast Cell Tumor Following Surgical Excision". Clin Cancer Res. 15 (11): 3856–65. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-1860. PMID 19470739.
  2. ^ CBS News FDA Approves First-Ever Dog Cancer Drug
  3. ^ "FDA: First Drug to Treat Cancer in Dogs Approved". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (Press release). 3 June 2009. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Palladia New Animal Drug Application" (PDF). U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 22 May 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 November 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  5. ^ "In Trials for New Cancer Drugs, Family Pets Are Benefiting, Too". The New York Times. 24 November 2006. Retrieved 2 October 2021.

External links[edit]

  • "Toceranib". Drug Information Portal. U.S. National Library of Medicine.