St Giles's church, Tockenham
Tockenham shown within Wiltshire
|Population||238 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||North Wiltshire|
Tockenham is a village and civil parish in north Wiltshire, England. The village is about 1.2 miles (1.9 km) east of Lyneham and 3 miles (5 km) southwest of the town of Royal Wootton Bassett. The parish includes the hamlet of Tockenham Wick.
A Roman villa a short distance north of the present village was excavated by the archaeological television programme Time Team in 1994. As a result of the geophysical survey, sample trenches, and environmental core samples, the site was subsequently scheduled to give it legal protection. Based on pottery finds, the site was occupied from the mid 2nd century to the late 4th century. Although no complete mosaic floors were found, tesserae and painted plaster were both found in some numbers, suggesting a major building phase in the 4th century.
The Domesday Book of 1086 recorded 17 households in the area.
A Free School was built at Tockenham in 1844, and became a National School in the 1870s. Children of all ages were taught until 1926, when the school closed owing to falling numbers. The school was reopened for wartime reasons from December 1940 to the autumn of 1946; subsequently the building became a private house.
The Church of England parish church is dedicated to St Giles and was first recorded in 1276. The building was lightly restored in 1876 and 1908 and is Grade II* listed. Its registers survive for the following dates: christenings 1653-1991, marriages 1655-1999, burials 1653-1992. Built into the south wall of the church is a well-preserved Roman statue. At one time thought to be St Christopher, it was later claimed to be Aesculapius. In 1978 Jocelyn Toynbee identified it as a Genius loci statue, and as such is a pre-Christian Roman religious item, assumed to be from the nearby villa complex. The church walls contain a number of Roman dressed stones and tiles in amongst the medieval masonry.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
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- Historic England. "Romano-British villa complex 330m north west of Queen Court Farm (1017015)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- Tockenham in the Domesday Book
- Historic England. "Manor House, Tockenham Wick (1200259)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- Historic England. "Meadow Court (1300852)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- Binney, Marcus (2008-10-03). "Meadow Court in Wiltshire is up for sale for £2.95 million". London: The Times.
- Historic England. "Queen's Court Farmhouse (1022685)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "National School, Tockenham". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 9 pp168-174 - Parishes: Tockenham". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "Church of St. Giles, Tockenham". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- Historic England. "Church of St Giles (1200200)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- Tockenham at genuki.org.uk