Todd Bentley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Todd Bentley
ToddBently in2008 at florida healing outpooring-revival free.JPG
Todd Bentley, in 2008
Born (1976-01-10) January 10, 1976 (age 41)[1]
Gibsons, British Columbia, Canada
Nationality Canadian
Occupation Evangelist
Spouse(s) Shonnah Bentley
(May 22, 1995 – 2009)[2], Jessa Bentley
(2009 - Present)[3]

Todd David Bentley is a Canadian Christian evangelist. He was a key figure of the Lakeland Revival[4] and was in leadership of Fresh Fire Ministries Canada until stepping down in August 2008.[5][6][7] The following year, as part of his "restoration process," he started a new ministry called Fresh Fire USA.

Biography[edit]

Early Life[edit]

Todd Bentley was born on January 10, 1976 in Sechelt, British Columbia, Canada.[citation needed] He grew up in Gibsons, British Columbia, a small community on the western coast of Canada.[citation needed] As told in his autobiography, his parents divorced while he was a child, and he struggled with drug and alcohol addiction.[8][9]

Bentley was convicted at age 15 of sexually assaulting a much younger boy two years earlier. Although the criminal records of juvenile offenders in Canada were normally protected from public disclosure under the Young Offenders Act, the nature of his conviction became public when Bentley thought he was speaking off the record to a reporter who later published his remarks in a March 2001 magazine article from “The Report”. Bentley publicly responded to this article in an interview that was published in Charisma (magazine). That article reported the following concerning a "revival meeting" Bentley had held in Kelowna, Canada, "The family of the assault victim had moved to Kewlona, and when they saw the posters with Bentley's name, they contacted local media. Bentley decided to address the local outcry by going on the 6 p.m. local TV-news broadcast. He admitted the crime on-air, asked for forgiveness, told viewers how ashamed he was, and how he was transformed five years after the incident by the gospel's power."[10] Bentley later said the original article, which appeared in The Report Newsmagazine, was, in substance, true: "'They were sexual crimes,' Bentley admits. 'I was involved in a sexual assault ring. I turned around and did what happened to me. I was assaulted too.'"[11] At 17, Bentley was hospitalized again after his fourth[12] drug overdose.[13] At 18, he changed his lifestyle completely, due to his conversion to Christianity. Soon after this, he began his Christian ministry.[14][15]

Fresh Fire Ministries[edit]

In 1998, the Fresh Fire Ministry group asked Bentley to give his testimony at one of their weekly meetings. Soon after, on Mother's Day 1998[16] Bentley took over leadership of the group, and it became more of a revival movement. He traveled to India, Africa, South America, Mexico and Europe taking part in crusades and revivals.[17] This became Fresh Fire Ministries Canada which was led by Bentley until the time of his resignation in August 2008[18] after his separation from his wife. That ministry changed its name to "Transform International" in 2009.[19] That same year, Bentley, with the help of Rick Joyner, created a new ministry called Fresh Fire USA.[20] Fresh Fire USA leases space adjacent to Joyner's Heritage International Ministries Conference Center where they have a "FreshFire Healing Center"[21] and a "Secret Place Church."[22]

Leadership of Lakeland Revival[edit]

Beginning on April 2, 2008, Bentley was invited by Stephen Strader, pastor of Ignited Church, Lakeland, Florida, to lead a one-week revival.[23] The revival attracted up to 10,000 attendees nightly and around 30,000 over the week[24] with Bentley as the primary preacher.[15] In addition to showcasing Bentley's evangelism, the revival featured colorful light shows and power-chord Christian rock music. The Ignited Church also took a multimedia approach to publicizing the event, posting webcasts online. The revival streamed live via Ustream and received over 1 million hits in the first five weeks of transmissions.[25] After the initial weeks, GOD TV, a Christian satellite channel, pre-empted its primetime programming and broadcast the Lakeland meetings nightly.[23]

Faith healing was a major focus of the revival. Inspired by Biblical New Testament accounts of Jesus healing the sick, the contemporary practice of faith healing is important for Pentecostal and Charismatic Christians.[26][27] Healing testimonies were common at the Lakeland meetings. The hope of supernatural healing explains some of the Lakeland revivals' popularity, as there were many first-person accounts of miracles.[28]

ABC's Nightline[29][verification needed]) reported that "Not a single claim of Bentley's healing powers could be independently verified." However, the Charlotte Observer reported on the same series of meetings, "The revival's media relations staff has tried to document healings. They e-mailed the Observer information on 15 people reportedly healed, providing phone numbers for each and noting that 12 had received medical verification. The Observer contacted five, plus three whose names were not provided, including Burgee. Each said God had healed them through, or related to, Bentley and the Lakeland services."[30][31] Strader responded to the Nightline report with the following statement, "Strader said privacy concerns and laws forbidding the release of medical records have prevented revival officials from releasing complete information about the identities and conditions of people claiming to be healed."[32] Bentley was also criticized for occasional violence done to participants in prior meetings.[31][33][34][35] He was known to kick, hit, smack, or knock over participants. In one incident, a man was knocked over and lost a tooth. In another, an elderly woman was intentionally kicked in the face. Bentley held that the Holy Spirit led him to such actions,[33][34] saying that the incidents were taken out of context and adding that miracles were happening simultaneously.[31]

On 9 July 2008, ABC News' Nightline broadcast an investigative report on Bentley, focusing on his faith healing claims, finances, and criminal past.[15] Following the report, Bentley took time off from the revival, but returned on 18 July 2008.[15] Five days later, Bentley and Strader announced that Bentley would be leaving the revival permanently and that his last day would be 23 August 2008.[32] Bentley's last day of preaching that year was on Friday 8 August 2008 when he left Lakeland for his first, and only, day of "taking the revival on the road." He drew a small crowd in South Carolina during an open air meeting at Heritage International.[36] Three days later it was reported that Bentley, "has filed for separation from his wife, a former spokesperson said Monday, and will not return to the ongoing revival."[37] Four days after that on Friday August 15 2008 the news of his resignation became public.[38]

After the news of the resignation was released, many Christian leaders released statements filled with opinions on what had gone wrong with the Lakeland Outpouring. While they all admitted there were serious issues, they did not agree on the specifics as some came from old friends,[39] [40][41] others from those trying to be neutral,[42][43][44] and others were calling Bentley a "false prophet."[45][46] [47]

Divorce Issue[edit]

Bentley announced his separation from his wife, Shonnah, in August 2008,[2][48] and resigned from the Board of Fresh Fire.[49] A statement released by the remaining Board members said, "Todd Bentley has entered into an unhealthy relationship on an emotional level with a female member of his staff," and that he would "refrain from all public ministry for a season to receive counsel in his personal life."[50][48]

Some of Bentley's Christian contemporaries called for him to step down in the wake of the scandal, stating that Christian leadership is incompatible with marital unfaithfulness.[51][52][6] In response, a committee made up of Rick Joyner, Jack Deere, and Bill Johnson was formed to oversee the process of spiritually restoring Bentley's family.[53] In November 2008, the Board of Fresh Fire announced that, "Todd has yet to enter into a clear system of accountability with the leaders he identified."[54] On March 9, 2009, Rick Joyner announced that Bentley had remarried.[39][55][56][57]

A 2009 Charisma magazine interview with Rick Joyner refuted adultery claims while characterizing the relationship as wrong and premature. Joyner told Charisma that the new couple was committed to their marriage and would "continue to serve the Lord in the best way that they can."[58] As the "restoration" process progressed, Joyner wrote this about some of his most outspoken critics, "Another level of shock came when I found that many who were the most critical and the most vocal of Todd’s restoration had been through a divorce themselves, and most without going through any restoration for their failure. From my perspective, this was a shocking level of both hypocrisy and hardness of heart."[59]

Return to the Ministry[edit]

In 2010, Rick Joyner released Bentley into "limited ministry"[60] and Bentley eventually returned to preaching and leading crusades.

Following adverse publicity of an impending visit to the United Kingdom in August 2012, Bentley was made the subject of an exclusion order barring him from entering the country. The UK government's home office stated, "The government makes no apologies for refusing people access to the UK if we believe they are not conducive to the public good. Coming here is a privilege that we refuse to extend to those who might seek to undermine our society."[61]

In December 2012, following the death of Croydon MP Malcolm Wicks, Bentley was criticized in the UK press after making a video commenting on the MP's death.[62] The transcript of the video released on MorningStar Ministries website stated, "Bentley: But September 29th, I was preaching in Ohio. And just before midnight, I got a report that the man that led the ban and the campaign against us in England died suddenly of cancer; on September 29th. Joyner: Remember the Lord said, “Mark your calendar.” Now this is an important revelation. Bentley: And I almost—even just sharing the story with trepidation—I-I-I, started weeping. And I thought, “Lord, this man had been battling with stage 4 cancer. And led the campaign. And all the news reports were ‘faith kicking evangelist that cures cancer.’ And it was all against, whether there’s been anybody who has really been healed of cancer." Bentley then went on to pray for the MP's family.[63]

Bentley started a series of meetings in South Africa in April 2013. He returned to GOD TV, which broadcast meetings held in Tongaat, South Africa,[64] on April 12, 2013. In May they broadcast some meetings in Pretoria[65] and from Cape Town in June.[66]

On September 21, 2015 Bentley uploaded a smartphone video to YouTube taken the night before at a crusade in Pakistan where he claims that a man was raised from the dead on the stage.[67] He then went on MorningStar TV.[68][69], showed the video and claimed that three men were raised from the dead that evening.[70][71] Bentley has another series of meetings planned for Pakistan from October 11-18 2017.[72]

Theology[edit]

Bentley highlights scriptural passages in his sermons. He emphasizes that spiritual or supernatural encounters in an individual's life are gifts from the Holy Spirit.[14][73] He has stated that his priority is to help people experience the presence of God. He wants the "Holy Spirit to manifest His glory in such a way that people can't deny the presence of a living God and they have a true born-again experience."[74] He also says: "Miracles and healings are evidence [...] they are signs of the Kingdom, and if we don't have signs then all we have is a bunch of theology."[75]

Bentley's testimony includes certain controversial claims: including encounters of meeting with Paul the Apostle.[76] He has also preached about an encounter with an angel he called 'Emma',[77] at an Assemblies of God church in 2001.[citation needed] The angel appeared in female form "and sprinkled 'gold dust,' illustrating financial blessings, on the congregation where he was preaching."[78] In response to criticism about the Biblical inspiration of a angel who appeared female, Bentley wrote that it was God's choice, and not his own, that an angel appeared to him in that manner.[79] Bentley explained: "In the case of the angel called 'Emma,' who I described as having mother-like nurturing qualities, some have automatically assumed that my doctrine is that I believe in female angels. This has never been the case! For whatever reason God chose to show me this angel in a female persona, He did. This isn’t to say that the angel was female. Angels are spirit and appear in many forms. Perhaps that’s the form God chose this angel to take for the purpose of the revelation He gave me. They are spirit beings of light, created out of God’s glory, without gender, and appear in whatever form God chooses to send them to us."[80]

Pastor Strader of Ignited Church who invited Bentley to Lakeland said:

"We watch over everything. Everything that happens on the platform is scriptural [...] The nightly message has been totally 100 percent nothing but Jesus. People are saved, people are healed, and Jesus is being glorified. [...] Even some of my so-called friends are questioning my integrity, but they never come to the services. It's not fair just to watch [them] on TV."[81]

Joel's Army[edit]

Bentley sponsored an internship program with Fresh Fire Ministries Canada called 'Joel's Army,'[82] in addition to having the words "Joel's Army" tattooed across his sternum with military dog tags,[83] demonstrating a level of commitment to the Latter Rain doctrine of the Manifest Sons of God, (or Man-Child Generation), as preached by William M. Branham.[84] The program's doctrine is associated with an interpretation of Chapter 12 of the New Testament book, Revelation—that in the last age before Jesus returns, there will be a generation of specially endowed Christians who will be able to do many miracles, and will usher in the reign of God. This is in the tradition of Branham and the healing revivals of the 50s, overlapping with Latter Rain Movement theology.[84]

Appearance[edit]

Bentley's physical appearance has been noted as being unconventional for that of an evangelist. He has dozens of tattoos, multiple facial piercings, and a preference for T-shirts over ties. His preaching style is also flamboyant and he is known for mannerisms including shouting 'Bam!' during his delivery.[77]

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://wrldrels.org/2016/10/08/florida-outpouring/
  2. ^ a b McMullen, Cary (August 12, 2008). "Evangelist Bentley, Wife File for Separation". TheLedger.com. Lakeland, FL: Gatehouse Media. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  3. ^ http://www.charismamag.com/site-archives/570-news/featured-news/7046-todd-bentleys-new-wife-breaks-silence
  4. ^ http://www1.cbn.com/churchandministry/what-i-hope-we-learned-from-the-lakeland-revival
  5. ^ Joyner, Rick (2009). "Todd Bentley Begins Restoration Process". 
  6. ^ a b Roach, David (August 19, 2008). "Faith Healer Todd Bentley Separates From Wife, Draws Criticism From Charismatics". Baptist Press. Archived from the original on 2009-01-12. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20081203100244/http://www.freshfire.ca/
  8. ^ Bentley, Todd (2008). The Journey into the Miraculous. Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image. ISBN 0768426065. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  9. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=Pe_6lRbYLeMC&lpg=PP1&dq=isbn%3A0768499291&pg=PT29#v=onepage&q&f=false
  10. ^ http://www.charismamag.com/site-archives/154-peopleevents/people-and-events/814-healing-evangelist-todd-bentley-reveals-facts-about-past-assault-
  11. ^ Hiebert, Rick (April 30, 2001). "Does Forgiving Mean Forgetting? A Faith Healer Comes Clean on his Young-Offender Conviction for Child Molestation". The Report Newsmagazine. [Edmonton, CAN: United Western Communications]. Retrieved December 14, 2015 – via High Beam Research. (Subscription required (help)). 
  12. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=Pe_6lRbYLeMC&pg=PT215&lpg=PT215&dq=Bentley++overdose+Todd&source=bl&ots=HW0GOh1kd0&sig=FHn8HhUyd6NkVEwTMxCUmtH8ayE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj11YmquPjUAhWL7oMKHbz7DK4Q6AEIXzAN#v=onepage&q=Bentley%20%20overdose%20Todd&f=false
  13. ^ Hunt, Stephen (2009). "The Florida 'Outpouring' Revival". PentecoStudies. [Sheffield, GBR: Equinox]. 8 (1): 37–57. doi:10.1558/ptcs.v8i1.37. Retrieved December 24, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b Chandler, Charles (June 19, 2008). "Tattooed preacher says God heals through him". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b c d Kofman, Jeffrey; Yiu, Karson & Brennan, Nicholas (July 9, 2008). "Thousands Flock to Revival in Search of Miracles". ABC News. Retrieved July 7, 2008. 
  16. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080531114318/http://www.freshfire.ca:80/
  17. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=Pe_6lRbYLeMC&pg=PT218&lpg=PT218&dq=traveled+to+India,+Africa,+and+South+America+Todd+Bentley&source=bl&ots=HXTxPi3pd3&sig=X91rv2meX_L1sdGefelyqRrTass&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjCyOjc6JjVAhUV0IMKHeDhD_gQ6AEIRDAF#v=onepage&q=traveled%20to%20India%2C%20Africa%2C%20and%20South%20America%20Todd%20Bentley&f=false
  18. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080831002311/http://freshfire.ca/
  19. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090527054502/http://freshfire.ca:80/?Id=1072&pid=8
  20. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090615072256/http://freshfireusa.com:80/accountability.php
  21. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/FreshFire+Healing+Center/@35.0631339,-80.9097418,15z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x0:0x4f4f4b824108feb5!8m2!3d35.0631339!4d-80.9097418
  22. ^ http://thesecretplacechurch.com/
  23. ^ a b McMullen, Cary (May 15, 2008). "Florida Outpouring: Internet Draws Thousands to Lakeland Revival". The Ledger. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  24. ^ http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2008/september/4.18.html
  25. ^ http://www.theledger.com/news/20080518/florida-outpouring-internet-draws-thousands-to-lakeland-revival
  26. ^ https://www.barnesandnoble.com/p/faith-cure-nancy-a-hardesty/1111409647/2681923345027?st=PLA&sid=BNB_DRS_Marketplace+Shopping+greatbookprices_00000000&2sid=Google_&sourceId=PLGoP24104
  27. ^ https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/all-things-are-possible-david-edwin-harrell/1110992220?ean=9780253013422&st=PLA&sid=NOK_DRS_NOOK+EBooks_00000000&2sid=Google_&sourceId=PLGoP75008
  28. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=76WDKzS7Yog
  29. ^ name=ABCNews070908>Kofman, Jeffrey; Yiu, Karson & Brennan, Nicholas (July 9, 2008). "Thousands Flock to Revival in Search of Miracles". ABC News. Retrieved July 7, 2008. 
  30. ^ Chandler, Charles (June 19, 2008). "Tattooed Preacher Says God Heals Through Him". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved December 24, 2016. 
  31. ^ a b c Reed, Travis (July 28, 2008). "Florida Revival Drawing Criticism—And Thousands of Followers". The Pantagraph. Bloomington, IL. Associated Press. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  32. ^ a b McMullen, Cary (July 23, 2008). "Revival Evangelist to Fold His Lakeland Tent". The Ledger (Lakeland, Florida). Retrieved December 13, 2015. (3 free articles allowed before subscription required)
  33. ^ a b Lake, Thomas (June 30, 2008). "Todd Bentley's Revival in Lakeland Draws 400,000 and Counting". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  34. ^ a b Williamson, Didi (2008-06-20). "Healer or Heretic?". The Good News [of South Florida]. Coral Springs, FL: Good News Publications. Archived from the original on 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2016-12-23. 
  35. ^ Synan, Vinson (2010). An Eyewitness Remembers the Century of the Holy Spirit. Chosen Books. p. 167. 
  36. ^ http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2011/septemberweb-only/crazybizarre.html
  37. ^ http://www.theledger.com/news/20080812/evangelist-bentley-wife-file-for-separation
  38. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080831002311/http://freshfire.ca/
  39. ^ a b Joyner, Rick (2009). "Todd Bentley Begins Restoration Process" (Special Bulletins). MorningStar Ministries. Morningstarministries.org. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  40. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080911111550/http://www.tacf.org:80/tacforghome/Visitors/LakelandToddBentleyUpdate/tabid/761/Default.aspx
  41. ^ http://nextreformation.com/?p=2331
  42. ^ http://www.charismanews.com/us/37951-the-lakeland-apostolic-findings-a-report-from-peter-c-wagner
  43. ^ http://pennymaxwell.com/archives/433
  44. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110716152341/http://strangreport.com/index.php/2008/08/its-time-for-spiritual-fathers.html
  45. ^ https://www.challies.com/articles/a-lesson-from-the-lakeland-revival/
  46. ^ http://goodnewsfl.org/local.asp?page=bc/0608/front/todd.asp
  47. ^ http://www.piratechristian.com/berean-examiner/2014/06/07/false-teacher-todd-bentley-exposed-justin-peters-video
  48. ^ a b TFFM Board of Directors (August 15, 2008). "From the Board of Directors". Abbotsford, BC, CAN: The Fresh Fire Ministries (TFFM). Archived from the original on August 20, 2008. 
  49. ^ Martin, Albie (August 19, 2008). "Evangelist Bentley Stepping Down". OneNewsNow. Archived from the original on September 17, 2009. 
  50. ^ TFFM Board of Directors (August 16, 2008). "From the Board of Directors, The Fresh Fire Ministries (TFFM) [email]". Retrieved December 23, 2016 – via OakTree.org.uk. 
  51. ^ Anderson, David (December 3, 2008). "Evangelist Todd Bentley Romantically Involved With Nanny; Seeks Divorce From Wife". Religion News Blog. Amsterdam, NLD: Apologetics Index. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  52. ^ Strang, Steve (2008-08-13). "It's Time for Spiritual Fathers". Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. 
  53. ^ Revival Alliance. "Public Statement on Todd Bentley from Revival Alliance". Archived from the original on November 21, 2008. 
  54. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20081203100244/http://www.freshfire.ca/
  55. ^ Grady, Lee (March 11, 2009). "The Tragic Scandal of Greasy Grace". Archived from the original on January 2, 2010. 
  56. ^ http://www.charismamag.com/site-archives/24-uncategorised/4004-rick-joyners-response-to-lee-gradys-column-the-tragic-scandal-of-greasy-grace
  57. ^ http://chadjamesmusic.blogspot.com/2009/03/
  58. ^ Gaines, Adrienne S. (March 10, 2009). "Todd Bentley Remarries, Begins Restoration Process". Archived from the original on March 14, 2009. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  59. ^ https://www.morningstarministries.org/resources/special-bulletins/2010/todd-bentley-restoration-part-3#.WWLQiOvytEY
  60. ^ https://www.morningstarministries.org/resources/special-bulletins/2011/update-todd-bentley-note-bill-johnson#.WV_2A-vytEY
  61. ^ Lizzy Davies (2012-08-21). "Revivalist preacher Todd Bentley refused entry to UK | World news". London: The Guardian. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  62. ^ "Outrage as banned preacher calls Malcolm Wicks' death "the Lord's justice"". croydonguardian.co.uk. Retrieved 23 December 2016. 
  63. ^ http://apprising.org/2012/12/16/apprising-ministries-exclusive-god-struck-down-malcolm-wicks-for-opposing-todd-bentley/
  64. ^ https://vimeo.com/66914322
  65. ^ http://gatewaynews.co.za/todd-bentley-healing-revival-meetings-moving-to-pretoria/
  66. ^ http://gatewaynews.co.za/todd-bentley-healing-awakening-meetings-start-in-cape-town-tomorrow/
  67. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I3AZsJwi2ns
  68. ^ MorningStar Ministries Staff (September 28, 2015). "Three People Raised From the Dead in Pakistan" (excerpt of full video). Retrieved 2015-12-14. 
  69. ^ Bentley, Todd; et al. (September 25, 2015). "Three People Raised From the Dead in Pakistan". morningstartv.org. Retrieved December 14, 2015. 
  70. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6bxj6g_uRvk
  71. ^ http://www.christianpost.com/news/controversial-evangelist-todd-bentley-claims-3-raised-from-dead-in-pakistan-crusade-152907/
  72. ^ https://www.freshfireusa.com/index.php/one_time_donation_special/pakistan-support/0
  73. ^ Rhee, Alice (May 29, 2008). "Revivalist Claims Hundreds of Healings". MSNBC. Archived from the original on June 1, 2008. 
  74. ^ Chandler, Charles (June 18, 2008). "Q&A with preacher Todd Bentley". The Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved June 24, 2008. 
  75. ^ {{cite news|url=https://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/religion/2008-07-11-revival-healing_N.htm}
  76. ^ http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2008/september/4.18.html
  77. ^ a b McMullen, Cary (June 22, 2008). "Florida Outpouring Revival Concerns Pentecostal Leaders". TheLedger.com. Lakeland, FL: Gatehouse Media. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  78. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080705114329/http://www.goodnewsfl.org/local.asp?page=bc/0608/front/todd.asp
  79. ^ Bentley, Todd and the Fresh Fire team (June 8, 2008). "Bringing Biblical Light to Your Questions about the Lakeland Outpouring [and] Todd Bentley". Abbotsford, BC, CAN: The Fresh Fire Ministries (TFFM). Retrieved December 23, 2016 – via Christian Crunch. 
  80. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080612132757/http://www.freshfire.ca/index.php?Id=1059&pid=993
  81. ^ McMullen, Cary (2008). "Leaving Lakeland". Christianity Today. 52 (9; September). 
  82. ^ Bentley, Todd. "Joels Army Internship —Battle for the Lost Multitudes with Love and the Raw Power of God!". Fresh Fire Ministries. Archived from the original on May 3, 2008. 
  83. ^ http://www.nowtheendbegins.com/images/cults/todd-bentley-joels-army-general-tattoos.jpg
  84. ^ a b McAlpine, Rob (2008). Post Charismatic?: Where Are We Now? Where Have We Come From? Where Are We Going?. Elgin, IL/Eastbourne: David C. Cook/Kingsway. ISBN 1842913506. 

External links[edit]