Vigor Shipyards

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Vigor Shipyards
PredecessorTodd Pacific Shipyards
  • 1916 - William H. Todd Corporation
  • 2011 - Vigor Shipyards
Number of locations
ParentVigor Industrial (2011)
From bottom left, Jumbo ferry M/V Spokane, USS Vandegrift (FFG-48), USS Halyburton (FFG-40) (center) under construction at 80% completion, USS Downes (FF-1070), and other ships at Todd Shipyards in Seattle, 1983

Vigor Shipyards is the current entity operating the former Todd Shipyards after its acquisition in 2011. Todd Shipyards was founded in 1916, which owned and operated shipyards on the West Coast of the United States, East Coast of the United States and the Gulf. Todd Shipyards were a major part of the Emergency Shipbuilding Program for World War II.[1]

Vigor Shipyards[edit]

In February 2011, Vigor Industrial purchased Todd for US$130 million.[2] This included the Seattle, Everett and Bremerton operations. Today, Vigor Shipyards is a government repair subsidiary of Vigor Industrial.[3]

Originally, the Coast Guard wanted to acquire 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPC) and spend about $8 billion for them. In April 2013, it was reported that Vigor proposed an Ulstein X-bow hull in the design competition for the OPC vessels.[4] If successful in landing the contract, Vigor would have assembled the vessels at its Portland, Ore., shipyard. However, in February 2014, the USCG announced that Bollinger Shipyards, Eastern Shipbuilding, and General Dynamics Bath Iron Works had been awarded design contracts for the OPC.[5]

In September 2017, Vigor was contracted to produce the US Army's Maneuver Support Vessel (Light).

Todd Shipyards[edit]

Todd Shipyards was founded in 1916 as the William H. Todd Corporation when properties of the Tietjen & Lang Dry Dock Company of Hoboken, New Jersey were bought in 1916 by a syndicate headed by Bertron Griscom & Company of New York and placed under management of William H. Todd president of the Robins Dry Dock & Repair Co., Erie Basin, Brooklyn, New York.[6] That acquisition was followed by acquisition of the Tebo Yacht Basin, Brooklyn, and the Seattle Construction and Dry Dock Company.[7]

The Seattle shipyard traces its history back to 1882, when Robert Moran opened a marine repair shop at Yesler's Wharf. This shop became the Moran Brothers Shipyard in 1906 and the Seattle Construction & Dry Dock Company at the end of 1911.

The shipyard has performed building and maintenance work for, among others, the U.S. and Royal Australian Navies, the United States Coast Guard, and the Washington State Ferries. Its headquarters and operations are on Harbor Island at the mouth of Seattle's Duwamish Waterway. Todd ranked 26th among United States corporations in the value of World War II production contracts.[8][9]

The 105-foot-long (32 m) hull of Disneyland's Mark Twain riverboat was built at Todd Shipyards in San Pedro, California, in 1955. Frank Sinatra worked after high school as a rivet catcher at Todd Shipyard in Hoboken, New Jersey. From 1940 to 1945, during World War II, Todd shipyard's built or repaired 23,000 ships is many shipyards with 57,000 workers. Todd Shipyards came out of Chapter 11 protection in 1991, and continues shipyard on the west coast. In 1995 Todd brached out and started a radio subsidiary campany called Elettra Broadcasting Corporation. Elettra Broadcasting opereted three FM radio stations in Carmel. [10]


Vigor current locations[edit]

Vigor currently operates four shipyards, in the Pacific Northwest:[11]

Todd Shipyards locations[edit]

Master of Ceremonies and Vice President of Todd Pacific Shipyards Corporation, Hans K. Schaefer, speaks during christening and launching ceremonies for the guided missile frigate USS Reid (FFG-30) at the Todd Pacific Shipyards Corp., Los Angeles Division, 1981, which closed in 1989.

New York[edit]

Erie Basin Drydock in 1945

Los Angeles and San Francisco[edit]

  • Richmond shipyard No. 1 was a new shipyard built to support the demand for ships for World War 2. Kaiser purchased the contact and the Richmond yard to built type Ocean ship from the Todd Shipyards in 1940. Todd then Kaiser built yard No. 1 to build the Ocean ships. Yard No. 1 was built on unoccupied land with construction starting in December 1940. In April 1941 the keel for the first British bound Ocean ship was laid. The next series of ships built were Liberty ships, with the first keel laid on May 15, 1942. Needing faster cargo ships the next series of ships built were Victory ships, with the first keel laid on January 17, 1944. After the war, in 1946, the yard closed. Kaiser Richmond No. 1 Yard was at 700 Wright Ave, Richmond on the Parr Canal. The site now has general docks for construction supplies. Located at GPS 37°55′15″N 122°21′47″W / 37.920887°N 122.362920°W / 37.920887; -122.362920.[26][27] Built at Kaiser Richmond No. 1 Yard:* Ocean ship, 30 cargo ships, 7,174 GRT. (sometimes credited to Todd Shipyards Corporation), * Liberty ship, 138 model EC2-S-C1 ships, 7,176 GRT., * Victory ship, 82 Model VC2-S-AP3 ships, 7,612 GRT.,Notable ships: Ocean Victory, Ocean Vigour, Chief Ouray, Logan Victory and Northeastern Victory.

Puget Sound, Washington[edit]

Houston / Galveston[edit]

  • Todd Galveston, Texas (29°18′55″N 94°47′38″W / 29.3154°N 94.794°W / 29.3154; -94.794) opened in 1934. Todd took over the Galveston Dry Dock & Construction on Pelican Island. In 1943 Todd took over the yard next door, Gray's Iron Works and renamed the yards Todd Galveston Drydocks, Inc.. For World War II the yard built T1 Tankers T1-M-A1. Post-war they built three ferries for Texas. In 1949 Todd moved the main operation to the Brown Shipbuilding yard in Houston that they had leased. The Pelican Island Galveston yard was used only for ship repair and in 1965 also started tanker conversions, as Todd Shipyards Corporation, Galveston Division. Todd Galveston built Type C6 ships. Todd Galveston yard went into Chapter 11 and closed in 1990. The yard was sold. The yard had two Panamax floating dry-docks that were moved to the Alabama Shipyard and Bender Shipbuilding. In 1993, the remainder of Todd Galveston on Pelican Island was sold to the Port of Galveston. It is now part of Newpark Marine, Gulf Copper runs an offshore repair yard there. Southwest Shipyard now operates a shipyard at the side.[37][38][39]

Houston shipyard (right) in 1944, Brown S.B., later Todd Houston (left)
  • Facilities (MCc-ESP-3, MCc-ESP-604, MCc-19054): $13,081,267.95
  • 208 EC2-S-C1 (built July 1941 - March 1945)
    • MCc-ESP-12, $34,586,494.42
      • Sam Houston (MC-95) ... Joseph T. Robinson (MC-119)
      • only built on ways 1 through 6
    • MCc-ESP-602, $16,447,537.33
      • Stephen F. Auston (MC-265) ... Stephen C. Foster (MC-276)
      • only built on ways 7, 8, 9
    • MCc-ESP-603, $33,333,892.35
      • William Eustis (MC-828) ... E. A. Peden (MC-859)
    • MCc-13099, $32,293,383.60
      • Sam Houston II (MC-1936) ... Henry Austin (MC-1966)
    • MCc-15923, $91,389,292.53
      • Charles Morgan (MC-2420) ... Isaac Van Zandt (MC-2431)
      • John G. Tod (MC-2908) ... Edward N. Hinton (MC-3003)
  • 14 T1-M-BT2 (delivered July 1945 - December 1945)
    • DA-MCc-859, $12,983,883.50
      • Tarascon (MC-2636) ... Taveta (MC-2649)
  • Total fees and profits received on all the cost-plus contracts: $7,510,000
  • First keel laid on slipways 1 through 9
    • 23 October 1941
    • 23 October 1941
    • 25 July 1941
    • 25 July 1941
    • 18 July 1941
    • 18 July 1941
    • 23 October 1941
    • 30 December 1941
    • 30 December 1941


  • Todd New Orleans, in 1934 Todd joined with Johnson Iron Works in New Orleans to build and repair shipyard called Todd-Johnson Dry Docks. Todd took over the yard and in 1987 sold the yard to Port of New Orleans, which leases to Avondale Ship Repair. In [46]


  1. ^ a b "Todd Seattle Moran Seattle Dry Dock Vigor Industrial".
  2. ^ "Vigor completes $130M purchase of Todd Shipyards". Puget Sound Business Journal. 15 February 2011.
  3. ^ "Companies". Vigor Industrial. Retrieved 2013-06-06.
  4. ^ "New Coast Guard Cutter Sparks Fierce Competition Among Shipbuilders". National Defense Magazine. April 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  5. ^ CAVAS, CHRISTOPHER P. (14 February 2014). "3 Firms Win Design Contracts for New US Coast Guard Cutter". Gannett Government Media. Archived from the original on February 15, 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Shipyard News". International Marine Engineering. New York/London: Aldrich Publishing Co. 21 (July 1916): 349. July 1916. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  7. ^ "Shipyard News". International Marine Engineering. New York/London: Aldrich Publishing Co. 21 (October 1916): 476. October 1916. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  8. ^ Peck, Merton J; Scherer, Frederic M (1962). The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis. Harvard Business School. p. 619.
  9. ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 121, 124, 133, 137, 202, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4.
  10. ^, Todd Shipyards still building after nearly 90 years, By Steve Wilhelm, May 29, 2005
  11. ^ "Vigor Shipyards". Vigor Industrial. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  12. ^ "Todd Shipyards, Robins Dry Dock".
  13. ^ "Todd to Shut Hoboken Shipyard And Shift the Work to Brooklyn". Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  14. ^ "Todd Shipyards Corporation - Founded in 1916 as the William H. Todd Corporation. It was formed by the purchase and merger of several shipyards in the New York region including Tietjen & Lang Dry Dock Co. that was purchased by Todd in that year. Located in Weehawken Cove, the Hoboken - Weehawken city line passes through the site. The company used a Hoboken address in all its literature and was given as Seventeenth Street and Park Avenue. Called Tietjen & Lang Plant then Todd Hoboken Dry Docks, Inc. and later Todd Shipyards, Hoboken Division. Closed September 1, 1965. Todd became a national company with shipyards in all major shipbuilding regions and had a significant role in World War II shipbuilding and repair". Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  15. ^ "History of Todd Shipyards Corporation – FundingUniverse". Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  16. ^ "Hudson Reporter - The days of factories and shipbuilding Catching a glimpse of Hoboken s industrial past". Archived from the original on 2010-06-16.
  17. ^ "Sullivan Dry Dock".
  18. ^ p. 247
  19. ^ p. 247
  20. ^ grep (Todd + Brooklyn) through
  21. ^ "Todd Los Angeles Division". Retrieved 2012-07-15.
  22. ^ "Container Facilities". Port of Los Angeles.—Shows an aerial view of Berth 100, the former location of Todd - San Pedro.
  23. ^ Port Series. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1953.
  24. ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, p. 124, 178, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4.
  25. ^ "Todd San Francisco Division". Retrieved 2012-07-15.
  26. ^ "Kaiser Permanente No. 1". Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  27. ^ "Richmond Shipyards". Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  28. ^ "Kaiser California Shipbuilding CalShip".
  29. ^ "Todd Tacoma Todd Dry Dock Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding". Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  30. ^ "Skinner & Eddy".
  31. ^ "Todd Pacific Shipyards lands deal to work on Navy aircraft carriers | The Seattle Times".
  33. ^ "Todd Shipyards gets $5.2M Navy contract for Bremerton". Offshore Energy. July 10, 2006.
  34. ^ "Home".
  35. ^ "Todd Pacific Shipyards Corporation Announces U".
  36. ^ "State's top shipbuilder buys Everett Shipyard". January 21, 2008.
  37. ^ "Todd Galveston".
  38. ^ a b "Brown Shipbuilding".
  39. ^ "Southwest Shipyard".
  40. ^ Investigation of Shipyard Profits. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1946. p. 497.
  41. ^, 8-2-2b, Photo no. BA 291326
  42. ^ "Todd Houston Shipbuilding".
  43. ^[bare URL]
  44. ^ Investigation of Shipyard Profits. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1946. p. 500.
  45. ^ "Todd Houston".
  46. ^ "Johnson Iron Works".
  47. ^ "New England Shipbuilding".
  48. ^ "Charleston Shipbuilding".
  49. ^ "New Jersey Shipbuilding".
  50. ^ "Eighth Naval District (Cochrane Collection)".

External links[edit]