Tofino

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Tofino
District of Tofino[1]
View toward Meares Island
View toward Meares Island
Tofino is located in British Columbia
Tofino
Tofino
Location of Tofino
Tofino is located in Canada
Tofino
Tofino
Tofino (Canada)
Coordinates: 49°08′38″N 125°53′30″W / 49.14389°N 125.89167°W / 49.14389; -125.89167
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Regional DistrictAlberni-Clayoquot
Incorporated1932
Government
 • MayorJosie Osborne
 • MPGord Johns
 • MLAScott Fraser
Area
 • Total10.53 km2 (4.07 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,932
 • Density183.1/km2 (474/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Postal code span
V0R 2Z0
Area code(s)250
ClimateCfb
Websitetofino.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Tofino is a district of approximately 1,932 residents on the west coast of Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. The district is located at the western terminus of Highway 4 on the tip of the Esowista Peninsula at the southern edge of Clayoquot Sound.

A popular tourist destination in the summer, Tofino's population swells to many times its winter size. It attracts surfers, hikers, nature lovers, bird watchers, campers, whale watchers, fishers, or anyone just looking to be close to nature. In the winter it is not as bustling, although many people visit Tofino and the west coast to watch storms on the water. Close to Tofino is Long Beach, a scenic and popular year-round destination, at the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve. With its natural hot springs, Maquinna Marine Provincial Park[2] is a popular day-trip destination for tourists. Reachable by boat or floatplane, the park is located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) north of Tofino.

Etymology[edit]

The settlement acquired its name in 1909 with the opening of the Tofino Post Office, named after the nearby Tofino Inlet.[3] This geographical feature had been named in 1792 by the Spanish explorers Galiano and Valdés, in honour of Admiral Vicente Tofiño de San Miguel y Wanderiales (or Vanderiales), under whom Galiano had learned cartography.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Tofino Airport, 11 km south of the town, is accessible to private and commercial aircraft. Floatplanes land on the inlet in town. Coastal fog is a common morning phenomenon in the summer, complicating access by air until the weather clears.

Tofino is located at the western end of Highway 4 that connects the community with Port Alberni and the population centres on the east coast of Vancouver Island. There are no roads connecting Tofino along the west coast of Vancouver Island except to the nearby community of Ucluelet.

Boat services connect Tofino with coastal communities such as Ahousat and Hot Springs Cove. Wildlife-watching tour boats operate in the area. In October 2015, a whale watching vessel capsized off the coast of Tofino resulting the deaths of 6 passengers.

Festivities and events[edit]

Every March, the migration of thousands of grey whales is celebrated with the Pacific Rim Whale Festival. The last weekend of April is the Tofino Shorebird Festival. The first week-end of June brings the Tofino Food and Wine Festival, featuring British Columbia wines and showcasing the creations of Tofino chefs. The end of August brings the Tofino Lantern Festival (voted Tofino's most popular event by Tofino Time Magazine), early September has the week long Race for The Blue Tuna Shoot-Out[5] from September 7th – 15th, and mid-September brings "Art in the Gardens," a two-day arts and music festival. The O'Neill Coldwater Surf Classic was held 25–31 October, the first professional ASP surf event ever held in Canada. In November is the Clayoquot Oyster Festival,[citation needed][6] as well as the Queen of the Peak all-female surf competition.[7] Rip Curl Pro Tofino, the official Canadian surfing championship, has been held each year in May, since 2007.[8]

Climate[edit]

Pebble of the morning, on Long Beach in late summer, near Tofino

The climate is marine west coast (Köppen: Cfb, clearly included in the temperate zone), as much of the British Columbia coast that is not in a rain shadow. Annual rainfall is considerably high at 3,270.7 mm, unusual for major cities in Canada and for many oceanic climates in the middle latitudes In other continents. Summers are cool for warm and winters mild for cold. Being the precipitation concentrated in the winter and not in the summer, a Mediterranean characteristic of the Pacific Northwest, however the amount far exceeds to have such categorization.[9][10] To demonstrate the lightness of the climate, the temperature difference in January of the city with Saint John's is almost 10 °C in January[11], being further south, this mild climate allows the growth of more exotic plants in the country, such as palm trees that do not survives in the Atlantic provinces.[12][13][14]

During the cooler season, however, there is a lot of precipitation, with 492.1 mm in November alone. Nearly all of the precipitation that falls throughout the course of a year is rain, with 203 days with rain and only 7.8 days with snowfall. Due to its location on the westernmost part of Vancouver Island, Tofino faces the Pacific Ocean, unimpeded by any mountains to the west (and therefore not subject to a rain shadow effect like much of the eastern island and the BC interior). Winter cyclonic storms frequently pass over the town deluging it with rain, making it one of the wettest locations in Canada. The month of November alone brings more precipitation to Tofino than that received for more than an entire year in parts of the BC interior such as Kamloops and Penticton.[10] Like the rest of coastal BC, summer brings relative dryness; even so, it still receives much more summertime precipitation than the interior (which can often be susceptible to drought-like conditions until the onset of autumn).[10]

The highest temperature ever recorded in Tofino was 33.9 °C (93 °F) on 15 July 1941.[15] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −15.0 °C (5 °F) on 30 January 1969.[16]

Climate data for Tofino Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1896–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
19.4
(66.9)
19.4
(66.9)
24.4
(75.9)
29.4
(84.9)
32.2
(90.0)
33.9
(93.0)
32.8
(91.0)
29.4
(84.9)
25.6
(78.1)
21.1
(70.0)
19.4
(66.9)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.0
(48.2)
10.1
(50.2)
11.9
(53.4)
14.5
(58.1)
16.8
(62.2)
18.9
(66.0)
19.1
(66.4)
17.8
(64.0)
13.6
(56.5)
10.0
(50.0)
8.1
(46.6)
13.2
(55.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.4
(41.7)
6.5
(43.7)
8.0
(46.4)
10.5
(50.9)
12.9
(55.2)
14.7
(58.5)
15.0
(59.0)
13.4
(56.1)
10.0
(50.0)
6.8
(44.2)
5.0
(41.0)
9.5
(49.1)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
1.9
(35.4)
2.7
(36.9)
4.0
(39.2)
6.5
(43.7)
8.9
(48.0)
10.5
(50.9)
10.8
(51.4)
9.0
(48.2)
6.3
(43.3)
3.6
(38.5)
1.9
(35.4)
5.7
(42.3)
Record low °C (°F) −15.0
(5.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.1
(34.0)
3.3
(37.9)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
−12.7
(9.1)
−12.2
(10.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 486.6
(19.16)
336.1
(13.23)
329.8
(12.98)
269.9
(10.63)
153.0
(6.02)
129.7
(5.11)
71.0
(2.80)
88.1
(3.47)
132.8
(5.23)
341.9
(13.46)
492.1
(19.37)
440.0
(17.32)
3,270.7
(128.77)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 477.4
(18.80)
327.3
(12.89)
325.7
(12.82)
269.2
(10.60)
153.0
(6.02)
129.7
(5.11)
71.0
(2.80)
88.1
(3.47)
132.8
(5.23)
341.8
(13.46)
489.4
(19.27)
432.0
(17.01)
3,237.2
(127.45)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 9.2
(3.6)
8.7
(3.4)
4.0
(1.6)
0.7
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.0)
2.8
(1.1)
7.9
(3.1)
33.3
(13.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 22.7 18.7 21.7 18.4 15.7 13.8 10.0 10.9 11.7 19.4 22.9 21.9 207.8
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 22.1 18.4 21.5 18.4 15.7 13.8 10.0 10.9 11.7 19.4 22.6 21.6 205.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 1.9 1.5 1.3 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.9 2.0 7.8
Average relative humidity (%) 83.6 76.7 75.6 73.2 71.3 71.7 71.7 74.8 73.2 79.3 82.9 84.6 76.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.6 81.6 126.3 170.3 203.1 190.9 226.7 199.6 175.8 116.1 62.5 56.5 1,668.1
Percent possible sunshine 21.7 28.5 34.3 41.5 42.9 39.4 46.4 44.8 46.4 34.6 22.7 22.0 35.4
Source: Environment Canada[16][17]
A cold front edge moving over Cox Bay

Telecommunications[edit]

Tofino has modern cell phone and land line access (including Internet and ADSL).

Media[edit]

Tofino has one newspaper, the Tofino-Ucluelet Westerly News. Radio stations heard in Tofino are CHMZ-FM on 90.1 FM, and CBC Radio One on 91.5 FM.

Health and education[edit]

Public education is offered by the School District 70 Alberni, through the Wickaninnish Community School in Tofino and Ucluelet Secondary School in Ucluelet. The town's hospital is the Tofino General Hospital, operated by the Vancouver Island Health Authority (VIHA).[18]

Cultural references[edit]

Sand dollar on a Tofino beach

Music[edit]

Film and television[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  2. ^ "redirect". Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Tofino". BC Geographical Names.
  4. ^ Dionisio Alcalá Galiano: The Canadian Adventure of a Spanish Naval Hero, Malaspina University-College
  5. ^ "Blue Tuna Shoot-Out". Tofino Resort + Marina. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  6. ^ Trefler, C., ed. (2008). Fodor's Vancouver and Victoria (illustrated ed.). Fodor's Travel Publications. p. 262. ISBN 1400019184.
  7. ^ "Storm watching is catching on". Toronto Star, November 5, 2016, page T1, Emma Yardley.
  8. ^ "Rip Curl Pro Tofino - Announces Dates for 2017". Rip Curl. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Tofino, British Columbia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  10. ^ a b c "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
  11. ^ "O clima típico de qualquer lugar da Terra - Weather Spark". pt.weatherspark.com. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  12. ^ Dusseldorp, Mieke. "Tofino community". miekedusseldorp.com. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Tofino and Ucluelet: Canadian West Coast Wonders". The Planet D: Adventure Travel Blog. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Halifax to test palm trees in harsh winter climate". Tofino-Ucluelet Westerly News. 1 August 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Daily Data Report for July 1941". Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  16. ^ a b "Calculation Information for 1981 to 2010 Canadian Normals Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  17. ^ "Clayoquot". Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  18. ^ Tofino General Hospital. Retrieved 2011-10-24
  19. ^ Steve Huey. "The Life of the Party". AllMusic. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  20. ^ "Prairie Dance Club - Prairie Dance Club | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  21. ^ "Tofino provides perfect setting for Twilight's vampires". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  1. ^ Extreme high and low temperatures in the table below were recorded at Clayoquot from December 1896 to June 1943 and at Tofino Airport from July 1943 to present.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Tofino at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 49°08′38″N 125°53′30″W / 49.14389°N 125.89167°W / 49.14389; -125.89167