Togakushi Shrine

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The lower shrine Hōkō-sha
The middle shrine Chū-sha
The upper shrine Oku-sha
Planted in the 17th century, the cedar-lined approach to the upper shrine Oku-sha

The Togakushi Shrine (戸隠神社, Togakushi Jinja) is a Shinto shrine in Togakushi, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The shrine is at the base of Mount Togakushi (1,904 metres (6,247 ft)) in Jōshin'etsu Kōgen National Park.[1] Togakushi Shrine consists of five shrines, known as the lower, middle, and upper shrine area (Togakushi Hōkō-sha, Hino-miko-sha, Togakushi Chū-sha, Togakushi Oku-sha and Kuzuryu-sha respectively), each area about 2 km apart.

The approach to the upper shrine is lined with over 300 Cryptomeria trees.

Kuzuryu means nine-headed dragon. The dragon is calling for rain, and Togakushi village has abundant spring water from mountains.[citation needed]

  • The Hōkō-sha (lower shrine) is to a patron goddess, protecting maternity, academic life, and sewing
  • The Hino-miko-sha is God of fire and the performing arts
  • The Chū-sha (middle shrine) is God of wisdom
  • The Oku-sha (upper shrine) is God's marvelous threw rocks
  • The Kuzuryu-sha is God of rain and landowner God of Togakushi villages

Around five shrine and pilgrimage certification seal gosyuin to make things possible.[2][clarification needed]


Oku-sha dates to BC 210, in at least one theory.[citation needed] The Emperor AD 684, made the map and a temporary building. In AD 849 and monks "Gakumon" began in the Oku-sha.

Togakushi shrine was a pilgrimage sight for eight centuries later, 3000 one temple was located. 33 Cave on Mt. togakushi, pilgrims devoted to prayer in the cave. Core cave in Oku-sha. Oku-sha building continued into the cave's secret inside the caves.

Its name was ranked with the Ise-jingu Shrine, Koya-san Temple and Enryaku-ji temples.

Togakushisan Kansyuin Kenkou-ji was the formal name of the togakushi Temple.

Two major esoteric Buddhist sects, Singon and Tendai fought for the hegemony of Togakushi Temple. Eventually the Singon sect cause lost the case and left Togakushi.

Togakushi shrine was changed to the shrine from the Temple Ordinance of the 19th century government separation "Shinbutsu bunri", "Haibutsu kishaku", "Shinbutsu bunri".

It was common for temples and shrines until the 19th century in Japan to be the same place. Until the 19th century was dedicated to "Avalokiteśvara".


Upon arrival at Togakusfhi it is recommended to first visit Oku-sha and then Kuzuryu-sha. It is a 2 kilometer hike from the entrance to the two shrines, however the path leading deep into the mountain can only be crossed by foot. Beyond the cedar-lined path, you will be able to see the torii gate for Oku-sha at the bottom of the mountain and the shaden main building of the shrine as well.

[3]See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Media related to Togakushi Shrine at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 36°44′34″N 138°05′07″E / 36.74278°N 138.08528°E / 36.74278; 138.08528