Togolese Americans

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Togolese Americans
Total population
1,716 (2000 US census)[1]
16,000 (Togolese-born. 2008-2012 American Community Survey Briefs)[2]
Languages

Togolese Americans are Americans of Togolese descent. According to answers provided to an open-ended question included in the 2000 census, 1,716 people said that their ancestry or ethnic origin was Togolese.[1] An unofficial estimate in 2008 of the Togolese American population was more than 2,500.[3]

History[edit]

The first people from present-day Togo arrived in the United States enslaved. Most of these slaves shipped to the United States were disembarked at the Gulf Coast. The Gulf Coast includes the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Most of the slaves belonged to the Ewe people which inhabit the south-eastern part of Ghana, Togo, Benin, and south-western Nigeria. This lasted until 1859, when Togolese-descended Cudjo Lewis arrived to Mobile from Dahomey.[4] After the abolition of slavery, few Togolese came to the United States.

Demography[edit]

Most Togolese who live in the United States are in the country legally and have received diversity immigrant visas,[3] which require them to show that they were not likely to become public charges before receiving the visas.[5] Many Togolese emigrated to the U.S. to further their education.[3] Many Togolese reside in Chicago.[6]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Table 1. First, Second, and Total Responses to the Ancestry Question by Detailed Ancestry Code: 2000". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  2. ^ Christine P. Gambino, Edward N. Trevelyan, and John Thomas Fitzwater. Issued October 2014. The Foreign-Born Population From Africa: 2008–2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Togolese immigrants work hard to give back to their communities", Quad-City Times, reported by Barb Ickes, 25 May 2008
  4. ^ "Question of the Month: Cudjo Lewis: Last African Slave in the U.S.?", by David Pilgrim, Curator, Jim Crow Museum, July 2005, webpage:Ferris-Clotilde.
  5. ^ "ilink". USCIS. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Togolese", Encyclopedia of Chicago, authored by Charles Adams Cogan, Nourou Yakoubou, and Ben Kokouvi Mensah.