Tohoku proportional representation block

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tōhoku Proportional Representation Block
Parliamentary constituency
for the Japanese House of Representatives

House of Representives Japan Proportional Blocks.svg

Pfeil rechts unten rot.svg
Map of House of Representatives proportional blocks, with an arrow pointing to the Tōhoku block
Prefectures Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, and Fukushima
Electorate 7,538,808
Current constituency
Created 1994
Number of members 14

The Tōhoku proportional representation block (比例[代表]東北ブロック Hirei [daihyō] Tōhoku burokku?) is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) blocks for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists of the Tōhoku region, namely the prefectures of Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata and Fukushima. Upon the introduction of proportional voting at the 1996 general election, the block elected 16 Representatives to the House. The block's representation was reduced to 14 Representatives at the 2000 general election.

Summary of results[edit]

All major national parties have managed to obtain at least one of the PR seats in Tōhoku since the introduction of proportional voting in 1996. The region also contains several strongholds: Aomori in particular is a typical "conservative kingdom" and leans towards the LDP alongside with the Western prefectures along the Sea of Japan coast; Iwate is the home of Ichirō Ozawa, former NFP, LP and DPJ president and a "Democratic kingdom" having also the first prefectural parliament in Japan where the Democrats managed to obtain the status of strongest party in 2007.

General election DPJ LDP Kōmeitō JCP SDP NFP ('96)/
LP ('00)/
TPJ ('12)/
PLP ('14)
JRP ('12)/
JIP ('14)
YP Others
Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats
1996 513,410 11.1 2 1,630,777 35.3 6 442,790 9.6 1 382,271 8.3 1 1,532,987 33.2 6 121,828 2.6 0
2000 1,024,253 21.2 3 1,545,028 32.0 5 474,238 9.8 1 391,055 8.1 1 517,267 10.7 1 786,751 16.3 3 96,174 2.0 0
2003 1,784,768 37.4 5 1,794,284 37.6 6 565,179 11.9 1 313,290 6.6 1 310,187 6.5 1
2005 1,748,165 33.6 5 1,901,595 36.5 6 620,638 11.9 1 325,176 6.2 1 362,523 7.0 1 244,933 4.7 0
2009 2,433,836 45.5 7 1,491,761 27.9 4 516,688 9.7 1 315,201 5.9 1 316,635 5.9 1 241,445 4.5 0 36,295 0.7 0
2012 805,709 18.6 3 1,238,716 28.6 5 398,131 9.2 1 256,838 5.9 1 160,367 3.7 0 391,216 9.0 1 725,006 16.7 2 306,102 7.1 1 56,412 1.3 0
2014 863,539 22.5 4 1,265,372 32.9 5 431,169 11.2 2 379,811 9.9 1 131,857 3.4 0 181,487 4.7 0 499,437 13.0 2 89,227 2.3 0

List of Representatives[edit]

Elected Representatives
Tenure 1996-2000 2000-03 2003-05 2005-09 2009-12 2012-14 2014-pres.
Rep.
Party
Zenmei Matsumoto
JCP
Chizuko Takahashi
JCP
Rep.
Party
Kenjirō Hatakeyama
SDP
Tetsuo Kanno
SDP
Kiyohiro Yamamoto
SDP
Tetsuo Kanno
SDP
Hideo Yoshiizumi
SDP
Kōji Hata
TPJ
Kōji Hata
PLP (from 2013)
Emi Kaneko
DPJ
Emi Kaneko
DP (from 2016)
Rep.
Party
Ichirō Hino (died 2003)
DPJ
Masayo Tanabu
DPJ
Kiyohito Hashimoto
DPJ
Masayo Tanabu
DPJ
Kazuko Kōri
DPJ
Kazuko Kōri
DP (from 2016)
Rep.
Party
Kenji Kodama
DPJ
Takao Satō
DPJ
Yōsuke Kondō
DPJ
Noriko Nakanowatami
DPJ
Yōsuke Kondō
DPJ
Yōsuke Kondō
DP (from 2016)
Rep.
Party
Yasusuke Konta
NFP
Yasasuke Konta
DPJ (from 1998)
Izumi Yoshida
DPJ
Kazuo Takamatsu
DPJ
Izumi Yoshida
DPJ
Manabu Terata
DPJ
Manabu Terata
DP (from 2016)
Rep.
Party
Kijūrō Sugahara
NFP
Kijūrō Sugahara (resigned 2001)
Lib. (from 1998)
Kentarō Ishihara
Lib.
Michihiko Kano
DPJ
Kazuko Kōri
DPJ
Kazuyuki Yamaguchi
DPJ
Shinji Oguma
JRP
Shinji Oguma
JIP (from 2014)
Sekio Masuta
JIP
Sekio Masuta
DP (from 2016)
Rep.
Party
Tatsuo Sasayama
NFP
Tatsuo Sasayama
Lib. (from 1998)
Kentarō Kudō
Lib.
Teruhiko Mashiko
DPJ
Hokuto Yokoyama
DPJ
Kyōichi Tsushima
DPJ
Toshihide Muraoka
JRP (until 2014)
Toshihide Muraoka
JRP (2014-15)
Toshihide Muraoka
Vision of Reform (2015-16)
Toshihide Muraoka
DP (from 2016)
Rep.
Party
Yoshihisa Inoue
NFP
Yoshihisa Inoue
Komeito (from 1998)
Rep.
Party
Kōdō Kohata
NFP
Kōdō Kohata
DPJ (from 1998)
Yoshinobu Takahashi
Lib.
Masashi Nakano
LDP
Miki Wajima (resigned in 2012)
DPJ
Ippu Watanabe
DPJ
Hiroki Hayashi
YP
Hiroki Hayashi
Unity Party (2013-14); member of JIP for 2 months in 2014
Yūichi Mayama
Komeito
Rep.
Party
Kōki Hagino
NFP
Kōki Hagino
LDP (from 1998)
Atsushi Watanabe
LDP
Chōuemon Kikuchi
DPJ
Sachiko Kanno
LDP
Ichirō Kanke
LDP
Rep.
Party
Hidefumi Minorikawa (died 2003)
LDP
Kyōichi Tsushima
LDP
Tatsuo Satō
LDP
Katsutoshi Kaneda
LDP
Miyo Ōkubo
LDP
Shigeaki Katsunama
LDP
Rep.
Party
Ichio Kumagai
LDP
Tokuichirō Tamazawa
LDP
Kenya Akiba
LDP
Hinako Takahashi
LDP
Rep.
Party
Kōji Futada
LDP
Hiroyuki Arai
LDP
Kōji Futada
LDP
Masayoshi Yoshino
LDP
Hidenori Hashimoto
LDP
Rep.
Party
Toshiaki Endō
LDP
Kōji Sakamoto
LDP
Masayoshi Yoshino
LDP
Kōji Sakamoto
LDP
Toshiaki Endō
LDP
Takashi Fujiwara
LDP
Rep.
Party
Tokuichirō Tamazawa
LDP
Seat abolished
Rep.
Party
Yoshiyuki Hozumi
LDP
Seat abolished

Recent results[edit]

  • #: List rank assigned by the party
  • District column: For double candidates who concurrently ran in a single-member electoral district, the district column contains the electoral district where they stood and the sekihairitsu (lit. "narrow defeat ratio"), the ratio of margin of defeat. It determines the ranking of candidates who are put on the same list rank by their party.
  • (in parentheses): Double candidates who are not eligible for election in the proportional block either because they won their district races or were disqualified for having received less than 10% of the vote in the district race (also the threshold for losing the deposit)

2014[edit]

Tōhoku block results in the 2014 general House of Representatives election[1]
# Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status
LDP: 1,265,372 votes (32.9%), 5 seats DPJ: 863,539 votes (22.5%), 4 seats JIP: 499,437 votes (13.0%), 2 seats
1 (Jun Tsushima) Aomori 1 (won) 1 (Takeshi Shina) Iwate 1 (won) 1 (Shinji Oguma) Fukushima 4 (won)
(Akinori Eto) Aomori 2 (won) (Tōru Kikawada) Iwate 3 (won) Sekio Masuta Aomori 1 (94.2%) Elected
(Tadamori Ōshima) Aomori 3 (won) (Jun Azumi) Miyagi 5 (won) Toshihide Muraoka Akita 3 (94.0%) Elected
(Tarō Kumura) Aomori 4 (won) (Kōichirō Genba) Fukushima 3 (won) Hiroki Hayashi Miyagi 2 (66.4%)
(Shun'ichi Suzuki) Iwate 2 (won) Emi Kaneko Fukushima 1 (94.8%) Elected Noriko Nakanowatari Aomori 2 (34.8%)
(Tōru Doi) Miyagi 1 (won) Yōsuke Kondō Yamagata 2 (92.3%) Elected Kōmeitō: 431,169 votes (11.2%), 2 seats
(Ken'ya Akiba) Miyagi 2 (won) Manabu Terata Akita 1 (87.0%) Elected 1 Yoshihisa Inoue Elected
(Akihiro Nishimura) Miyagi 3 (won) Kazuko Kōri Miyagi 1 (86.8%) Elected 2 Yūichi Mayama Elected
(Shintarō Itō) Miyagi 4 (won) Izumi Yoshida Fukushima 5 (84.4%) JCP: 379,811 votes (9.9%), 1 seat
(Itsunori Onodera) Miyagi 6 (won) Masayo Tanabu Aomori 3 (82.8%) 1 Chizuko Takahashi Elected
(Hiroyuki Togashi) Akita 1 (won) Takashi Midorikawa Akita 2 (69.1%) 2 Tomo Iwabuchi
(Katsutoshi Kaneda) Akita 2 (won) Kiyohito Hashimoto Miyagi 3 (64.2%) PLP: 181,487 votes (4.7%), no seat
(Nobuhide Minorikawa) Akita 3 (won) Mitsunori Akabe Fukushima 2 (63.6%) 1 (Ichirō Ozawa) Iwate 4 (won)
(Toshiaki Endō) Yamagata 1 (won) Masae Ido Miyagi 4 (51.2%) Kōji Hata Iwate 2 (84.1%) -
(Norikazu Suzuki) Yamagata 2 (won) Takashi Yamauchi Aomori 4 (48.1%) 3 Sadao Hirano
(Ayuko Katō) Yamagata 3 (won) Masahiro Harada Yamagata 1 (46.7%) PFG: 71,026 votes (1.8%), no seat
(Yoshitami Kameoka) Fukushima 1 (won) Sayuri Kamata Miyagi 6 (32.4%) 1 (Teruaki Masumoto) Miyagi 2 (16.7%) DQ
(Takumi Nemoto) Fukushima 2 (won) (Taisei Yoshida) Yamagata 3 (20.0%) DQ 2 Nakako Uda
(Masayoshi Yoshino) Fukushima 5 (won) 19 Yoshiaki Kobayashi HRP: 18,201 votes (0.5%), no seat
Ichirō Kanke Fukushima 4 (99.2%) Elected SDP: 131,857 votes (3.4%), no seat 1 Hisshō Yanai
Takashi Fujiwara Iwate 4 (76.7%) Elected 1 (Uzen Ogawa) Fukushima 4 (17.8%) DQ 2 Ryōta Shirotori
Hinako Takahashi Iwate 1 (60.4%) Elected (Takashi Kuwajima) Miyagi 2 (12.8%) DQ 3 Tetsushi Yui
Hidenori Hashimoto Iwate 3 (57.4%) Elected (Mitsumasa Hosokawa) Iwate 1 (11.7%) DQ
Shigeaki Katsunuma Miyagi 5 (52.9%) Elected (Masamichi Itō) Akita 1 (8.1%) DQ
Kentarō Uesugi Fukushima 3 (52.0%) 5 Masahiro Kimura
26 Sachiko Kanno
27 Osamu Yoshida
28 Fumito Murakami

2012[edit]

Tōhoku block results in the 2012 general House of Representatives election[2]
# Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status # Candidate District Status
LDP: 1,238,716 votes (28.6%), 5 seats DPJ: 805,709 votes (18.6%), 3 seats JRP: 725,006 votes (16.7%), 2 seats
1 (Jun Tsushima) Aomori 1 (won) 1 (Takeshi Shina) Iwate 1 (won) 1 Shinji Oguma Fukushima 4 (69.7%) Elected
(Akinori Eto) Aomori 2 (won) (Tōru Kikawada) Iwate 3 (won) 2 Toshihide Muraoka Akita 3 (76.5%) Elected
(Tadamori Ōshima) Aomori 3 (won) (Jun Azumi) Miyagi 5 (won) Sekio Masuta Aomori 1 (64.7%)
(Tarō Kimura) Aomori 4 (won) (Kōichirō Genba) Fukushima 3 (won) 4 Masashi Nakano Miyagi 2 (59.1%)
(Shun'ichi Suzuki) Iwate 2 (won) Izumi Yoshida Fukushima 5 (88.7%) Elected Noboru Usami Fukushima 5 (42.8%)
(Tōru Doi) Miyagi 1 (won) Yōsuke Kondō Yamagata 2 (81.2%) Elected Masaki Hatakeyama Miyagi 4 (38.2%)
(Ken'ya Akiba) Miyagi 2 (won) Kazuko Kōri Miyagi 1 (69.6%) Elected Takeaharu Satō Yamagata 3 (35.2%)
(Akihiro Nishimura) Miyagi 3 (won) Michihiko Kano Yamagata 1 (68.9%) Kazunori Midorikawa Fukushima 2 (27.9%)
(Shintarō Itō) Miyagi 4 (won) Keiki Ishiyama Miyagi 4 (67.6%) Hiroaki Kawano Yamagata 2 (26.1%)
(Itsunori Onodera) Miyagi 6 (won) Manabu Terata Akita 1 (67.1%) (Nobuhiro Ōmiya) Akita 1 (20.9%) DQ
(Hiroyuki Togashi) Akita 1 (won) Hiroshi Kawaguchi Akita 2 (62.5%) Kōmeitō: 398,131 votes (9.2%), 1 seat
(Katsutoshi Kaneda) Akita 2 (won) Masayo Tanabu Aomori 3 (61.6%) 1 Yoshihisa Inoue Elected
(Nobuhide Minorikawa) Akita 3 (won) Kiyohito Hashimoto Miyagi 3 (53.2%) 2 Yūichi Mayama
(Toshiaki Endō) Yamagata 1 (won) Azuma Konno Miyagi 2 (45.8%) TPJ: 391,216 votes (9.0%), 1 seat
(Norikazu Suzuki) Yamagata 2 (won) Hideki Ōba Fukushima 1 (36.7%) 1 Kōji Hata Iwate 2 (65.9%) Elected
(Yoshitami Kameoka) Fukushima 1 (won) Toshiaki Oikawa Iwate 4 (36.6%) Yasunori Saitō Miyagi 2 (44.8%)
(Takumi Nemoto) Fukushima 2 (won) Kyōichi Tsushima Aomori 4 (33.6%) Hokuto Yokoyama Aomori 1 (43.7%)
(Ichirō Kanke) Fukushima 4 (won) Yasuo Saitō Fukushima 2 (26.4%) Yōzaburō Ishihara Fukushima 1 (41.3%)
(Gōji Sakamoto) Fukushima 5 (won) Mariko Mitsui Akita 3 (24.3%) Kazumi Ōta Fukushima 2 (27.1%)
Hinako Takahashi Iwate 1 (78.7%) Elected Tomonobu Nakamura Aomori 2 (22.9%) Kimiko Kyōno Akita 3 (25.9%)
Takashi Fujiwara Iwate 4 (61.3%) Elected Sayuri Kamata Miyagi 6 (21.5%) (Kazuo Takamatsu) Akita 1 (13.2%) DQ
Hidenori Hashimoto Iwate 3 (57.8%) Elected (Rina Hatano) Aomori 1 (23.3%) DQ 8 Chōuemon Kikuchi
Miyo Ōkubo Miyagi 5 (47.8%) Elected YP: 306,102 votes (7.1%), 1 seat 9 Yōko Tasso Iwate 1 (74.5%)
Sachiko Kanno Fukushima 3 (45.2%) Elected 1 Hiroki Hayashi Miyagi 1 (43.7%) Elected Naomi Satō Iwate 3 (69.4%)
25 Osamu Yoshida Fumihiro Kikuchi Miyagi 2 (30.2%) Noriko Nakanowatari Aomori 2 (22.1%)
26 Fumito Murakami (Kazumasa Sugamoto) Fukushima 5 (16.5%) DQ (Masato Yokota) Miyagi 1 (18.9%) DQ
JCP: 256,838 votes (5.9%), 1 seat SDP: 160,367 votes (3.7%), no seat (Takashi Yamanouchi) Aomori 3 (17.1%) DQ
1 Chizuko Takahashi Elected 1 Hideo Yoshiizumi Yamagata 3 (31.9%) (Nobuko Abe) Miyagi 5 (12.7%) DQ
2 Tomo Iwabuchi Hiroshi Ishida Akita 2 (23.4%) (Kiichi Matsumoto) Fukushima 5 (11.2%) DQ
NRP: 41,587 votes (1.0%), no seat Uzen Ogawa Fukushima 4 (21.9%) 16 Tamikazu Kawaguchi
1 Kentarō Uesugi (Masahiro Isawa) Iwate 1 (17.7%) DQ HRP: 14,825 votes (0.3%), no seat
(Takashi Kuwajima) Miyagi 1 (7.4%) DQ 1 Hironori Matsushima
6 Fumiyo Yamana 2 Shūji Nakanishi
7 Tetsuo Kanno 3 Hidemitsu Sakai

2009[edit]

Tōhoku block results in the 2009 general election[3][4]
LDP: 1,491,761 votes (27.9%), 4 seats DPJ: 2,433,836 votes (45.5%), 7 seats Kōmeitō: 516,688 votes (9.7%), 1 seat
# Candidate District "Loss ratio"
(sekihairitsu)
Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
1 Masayoshi Yoshino Fukushima 3 (35.5%) Elected 1 Masayo Tanabu Aomori 3 99.5% Elected 1 Yoshihisa Inoue PR only Elected
2 Ken'ya Akiba PR only Elected Kyōichi Tsushima Aomori 4 86.8% Elected 2 Kaneshige Wakamatsu
3 Toshiaki Endō Yamagata 1 98.7% Elected Noriko Nakanowatari Aomori 2 74.2% Elected 3 Tetsuya Kawamata
Katsutoshi Kaneda Akita 2 98.5% Elected Hokuto Yokoyama Aomori 1 Won district JCP: 315,201 votes (5.9%), 1 seat
Akinori Eto Aomori 2 Won district Takeshi Shina Iwate 1 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Tadamori Ōshima Aomori 3 Won district Kōji Hata Iwate 2 Won district 1 Chizuko Takahashi PR only Elected
Tarō Kimura Aomori 4 Won district Tōru Kikawada Iwate 3 Won district 2 Shizue Miyamoto
Itsunori Onodera Miyagi 6 Won district Kazuko Kōri Miyagi 1 Won district 3 Satoshi Suzuki Akita 1 17.0%
Kōichi Katō Yamagata 3 Won district Yasunori Saitō Miyagi 2 Won district Mikio Katō Miyagi 4 9.9%
Nobuhide Minorikawa Akita 3 88.9% Kiyohito Hashimoto Miyagi 3 Won district Yō Yoshimata Aomori 1 7.8%
Yoshitaka Kameoka Fukushima 1 87.4% Keiki Ishiyama Miyagi 4 Won district Sadakiyo Segawa Iwate 4 6.1%
Takumi Nemoto Fukushima 2 84.9% Jun Azumi Miyagi 5 Won district Masayuki Satō Yamagata 1 5.6%
Shun'ichi Suzuki Iwate 2 82.1% Manabu Terata Akita 1 Won district SDP: 316,635 votes (5.9%), 1 seat
Akihiro Nishimura Miyagi 3 79.0% Mikiko Kyōno Akita 3 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Shintarō Itō Miyagi 4 77.2% Michihiko Kano Yamagata 1 Won district 1 Hideo Yoshiizumi Yamagata 3 61.5% Elected
Masami Saitō Miyagi 5 70.7% Yōsuke Kondō Yamagata 2 Won district Tetsuo Kanno Miyagi 6 53.6%
Kōji Futada Akita 1 66.3% Yōsaburō Ishihara Fukushima 1 Won district Kiyohiro Yamamoto Akita 2 25.2%
Kōji Sakamoto Fukushima 5 65.5% Kazumi Ōta Fukushima 2 Won district Senryō Obara Iwate 4 21.5%
Masashi Nakano Miyagi 2 62.3% Kōichirō Genba Fukushima 3 Won district Hidehiko Watanabe Aomori 1 12.6%
Tōru Doi Miyagi 1 58.2% Kōzō Watanabe Fukushima 4 Won district Masahiro Isawa Iwate 1 11.2%
Atsushi Watanabe Fukushima 4 53.8% Izumi Yoshida Fukushima 5 Won district YP: 241,445 votes (4.5%), no seat
Hironori Suzuki Yamagata 2 48.7% 22 Miki Wajima PR only Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Hidenori Hashimoto Iwate 3 46.9% 23 Kazuo Takamatsu Elected 1 Shinji Oguma Fukushima 4 46.7%
Hinako Takahashi Iwate 1 43.4% 24 Chōuemon Kikuchi Elected Shigehito Sasaki Akita 2 9.2%
Yoshinobu Takahashi Iwate 4 31.1% 25 Kazuyuki Yamaguchi Elected HRP: 36,295 votes (0.7%), no seat
26 Nobuhiro Ōmiya PR only 26 Tamikazu Kawaguchi (removed) # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
27 Shigeyo Nagaoka 27 Ippu Watanabe (in 2012) 1 Hironori Matsushima PR only
28 Hisataka Satō 28 Hisashi Suzuki 2 Yukiya Uejō
3 Maki Akimoto

References[edit]