Toilet roll holder
A toilet-roll holder, also known as a toilet paper dispenser, is an item that holds a roll of toilet paper. Common models include a hinged length of wire mounted horizontally on a wall, a thicker axle either recessed into a wall or mounted on a frame, or a freestanding vertical pole on a base. In recent years, automatic toilet paper dispensers which automatically fold and cut the toilet paper are being installed in public toilets.
A wire on a hinge holds the toilet roll in contact with the door or wall as the roll's radius decreases. This provides enough friction to allow the user to tear off a piece of tissue. More sophisticated designs include a curved horizontal plate that covers the roll, thus removing the necessity of touching the roll, and a protruding horizontal bump that creates resistance to facilitate single-handedly pulling off slices of paper. These roll holders can be used in both under and over roll orientation, but may be difficult to use in the under orientation.
A horizontal axle design is found in most homes, and also in many schools. It is easy to use due to its low friction and ease of refilling. This is the type of holder most commonly assumed about when toilet paper orientation is mentioned.
Originally intended to hold a stock of replacement rolls, the vertical pole has become the only paper holder in some households. It is particularly useful in homes where the family has mixed handedness. Its drawbacks include that there is a lot more friction than in other types of toilet roll holders, and thus not as easy to use.
An automatic toilet paper dispenser can be either button or sensor-activated to fold and cut the toilet paper automatically. Automatic toilet paper dispensers can help aid disabled users, especially in large facilities. Examples are the Camitool by the Japanese company Shikoku, which uses motion sensors to dispense the toilet paper; the SCOTT by Kimberly-Clark, released in 2007, which is also motion activated, though also has a manual knob; and the OriFuji, introduced in 2015, which automatically cuts the toilet paper and folds it into a neat triangle shape.
The holders in many public toilets are designed to make it difficult for patrons to steal the toilet rolls. Various contraptions have been devised to lock the spare rolls away, and release them only when the active roll is used up.
An increasing number of public toilets are furnished with holders that hold very large rolls of toilet paper. Others hold two large rolls with an access door that allows the user to switch between roll one and roll two when one roll is empty. These are designed to save money by reducing the frequency of janitorial services to restock the paper.
In many toilets, especially in elementary schools, a dispenser releases only a small square of toilet paper to prevent a user from intentionally clogging the toilet with large amounts of paper.
Some toilet roll holders or dispensers allow the toilet paper to hang in front of (over) or behind (under) the roll when it is placed parallel to the wall. This divides opinions about which orientation is better. Arguments range from aesthetics, hospitality, and cleanliness to paper conservation, ease of detaching sheets, and compatibility with pets. The US advice column Ask Ann Landers reported that the subject was the most controversial issue in the column's history and, at 15,000 letters in 1986, provoked the highest number of responses. Some writers have proposed that preference for one orientation over the other may have connections to age, sex, or political philosophy, and survey evidence has shown a correlation with socioeconomic status.
The main reasons given by people to explain why they hang their toilet paper a given way are ease of grabbing and habit. Some particular advantages cited for each orientation include: hanging over reduces the risk of accidentally brushing the wall or cabinet with one's knuckles, potentially transferring grime and germs; makes it easier to visually locate and to grasp the loose end; gives the option to fold over the last sheet to show that the room has been cleaned; and is generally the intended direction of viewing for the manufacturer's branding, so patterned toilet paper looks better this way.
The under position provides a tidier appearance, in that the loose end can be more hidden from view; reduces the risk of a toddler or a house pet such as a cat unrolling the toilet paper when batting at the roll; and in a recreational vehicle may reduce unrolling during driving. Partisans have claimed that each method makes it easier to tear the toilet paper on a perforated sheet boundary.
In various surveys, around 70% of people prefer the over position. In a survey of 1,000 Americans, Cottonelle found that "overs" are more likely than "unders" to notice a roll's direction (74 percent), to be annoyed when the direction is incorrect (24 percent), and to have flipped the direction at a friend's home (27 percent). According to W. C. Privy's Original Bathroom Companion, Number 2, "By more than 4 to 1, older folks prefer to have their toilet paper dispense over the front." The same claim is made by James Buckley's The Bathroom Companion for people older than 50. Toilet paper orientation is sometimes mentioned as a hurdle for married couples. The issue may also arise in businesses and public places. At the Amundsen–Scott Research Station at the South Pole, complaints have been raised over which way to install toilet paper. It is unclear if one orientation is more economical than the other. The Centralian Advocate attributes a claim to Planet Green that over saves on paper usage.
Various toilet paper dispensers are available which avoid the question of over or under orientation; for example, single sheet dispensers, jumbo roll dispensers in which the toilet roll is perpendicular to the wall, and twin roll dispensers. Swivelling toilet paper dispensers have been developed which allow the paper to be unrolled in either direction.
- "Touchless Toilet Paper Dispensers Aid Disabled Users".
- "$750 Hands-Free Toilet Paper Dispenser Saves Resources, Prevents Infection [VIDEO]". 23 July 2012.
- "Final frontier of toilet tissue unveiled - USATODAY.com". 11 July 2007.
- "The OriFuji Toilet Paper Dispenser Automatically Folds the End of the Paper Into a Triangle With Each Pull". 30 October 2015.
- Toronto Star 1986.
- "Cottonelle on a Roll With Consumers". Progressive Grocer. 31 January 2010.
- Ode 2010: "The Kimberly-Clark company cites three advantages for rolling over: perforation control, viewing advantage and wall avoidance."; Garton 2005; Jarski & Jarski 2007.
- Ode 2010; Elliott 2006
- Lind 1992; "The Grand Princess cruise ship replaces its toilet paper with the leading edge over the front, so that it can be folded as is done in five-star hotels. (Yes, someone really did ask this question.)" (Carpenter 1999); Rosencrans 1998; Garton 2005.
- Grant 1991b; Garton 2005; Mitchell & Sugar 2005a; Jarski & Jarski 2007.
- Jarski & Jarski 2007
- "Toilet Paper Orientation Re: Brandweek 2009". Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Darbo 2007; Garton 2005; O'Connor 2005, p. 63.
- Nerbas 2009.
- Ode 2010; Weingarten 2008; Keeran 1993.
- Brandon Specktor (12 October 2020). "Confirmed: This Is How You Should Hang Your Toilet Paper". Reader's Digest.
- Yenisey, Zeynep (5 April 2016). "What the Direction Your Toilet Paper Hangs Says About You According to Science: Under or over?". Maxim. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- Rubin 1989.
- Kanner 1995, pp. 56, 120.
- PR Newswire 1993.
- Ebenkamp 2004; Pierson 2004
- American Standard Press 2008.
- Henry 1999.
- PR Newswire 2010.
- Barrett & Mingo 2003, p. 400.
- Buckley 2005, p. 106.
- Wolf 1999, pp. 74–75; Hogan & Hogan 2000, p. 200.
- Lui 2009; Grant 1991a.
- Daily Express 1999, p. 39.
- McNatt 2010.
- "Toilet Roll Dispenser Buyers Guide". hygienesuppliesdirect.
- Floyd 1999.
- Zayas 2009.
- Arkins, Diane C. (7 October 1994), "Consider Fallout of New Bath", Chicago Sun-Times, p. 22N, Factiva chi0000020011028dqa700wzz
- Barrett, Erin; Mingo, Jack, eds. (December 2003), W. C. Privy's Original Bathroom Companion, Number 2, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-31580-5
- Buckley, James (2005), The Bathroom Companion: A Collection of Facts About the Most-Used Room in the House, Quirk Books, ISBN 1-59474-028-3
- Burns, Edgar Alan (January 2003). "Bathroom Politics: Introducing Students to Sociological Thinking from the Bottom Up". Teaching Sociology. 31 (1): 110–118. doi:10.2307/3211429. JSTOR 3211429.
- Cesvet, Bertrand; Babinski, Tony; Alper, Eric (2008), Conversational Capital: How to Create Stuff People Love to Talk About, Pearson Education, ISBN 978-0-13-714550-8
- Carpenter, Richard P. (28 March 1999), "It's swimming vs. snoozing", The Boston Globe, p. M4, Factiva bstngb0020010825dv3s00asy
- Ciancio, Dan (1 February 1994), New study flushes out facts on the American bathroom (press release), PR Newswire, Factiva prn0000020011030dq210061e
- Ciancio, Dan (13 February 1995), "Potty Break", Rocky Mountain News, Factiva rmtn000020011026dr2d005jw
- Clark, Gary A. (21 June 1993), "Monday Memo", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. 9, Factiva SLMO000020040622dp6l00hkc
- Collett, Jessica (Spring 2008), "Class 4: Social Construction of Reality", Notre Dame OpenCourseWare, archived from the original on 29 June 2010, retrieved 12 July 2010
- Darbo, Paul (April 2007), "This Way In: The Sound and the Fury: ELSEWHERE IN THE BIN (letters to the editor)", Esquire, vol. 147, p. 22
- Davis, Rich (14 February 2006), "'House Rules' Aims at Harmony", The Evansville Courier, p. D5, Factiva EVVL000020060216e22e0004u
- Dickson, Gunna (3 July 2001), New Products – Clean All Over, Reuters, Factiva lba0000020010912dx730069x
- Downey, Maureen; Harrison, Bette (27 June 1993), "Peach buzz talk of our town", Atlanta Journal and Constitution, p. D/2, Factiva atjc000020011031dp6r00w44
- Ebenkamp, Becky (19 January 2004), "Out of the Box", Brandweek, Factiva ADMW000020040202e01j0002m
- Elliott, Carson (11 June 2006), "The proper thing: Position plates so that meat is closest to diner, unless dishes display pictures", Augusta Chronicle, p. G02, Factiva AGCR000020060809e26b00004
- Floyd, Jacquielynn (29 June 1999), "Inventor rolls out solution to toilet paper war", The Dallas Morning News, p. 15A, Factiva dal0000020010829dv6t005qf
- Garton, Nicole (8 January 2005), "Over or under? The great toilet paper debate continues", Tulsa World, p. D10, Factiva TUL0000020050111e1180000y
- Gernsbacher, Morton Ann (March 2007), "Presidential Column: Neural Diversity", Observer, Association for Psychological Science, 20 (3): 5, 15, retrieved 28 March 2013
- Grant, Michael (16 July 1991), "Paper chase unravels at 30,000 feet", The San Diego Union-Tribune, p. C-1, Factiva SDU0000020070627dn7g002uk
- Grant, Michael (1 September 1991), "Toilet paper theorist is on a roll, but issue is still under scrutiny", The San Diego Union-Tribune, p. D-1, Factiva SDU0000020070627dn91007fo
- Harden, Hike (30 July 1995), "Like these ideas? OK, then start your own column", The Columbus Dispatch, p. 01I, Factiva clmb000020011024dr7u00d2h
- Henry, Bonnie (1 August 1999), "The key role of toilet paper has columnist's eyes rolling", The Arizona Daily Star, p. 3E, Factiva tucs000020010830dv81006wg
- Hogan, Eve Eschner; Hogan, Steve (2000), Intellectual Foreplay: Questions for Lovers and Lovers-To-Be, Hunter House
- Jarski, Rosemarie; Jarski, Milena (2007), How to Do Everything!, Globe Pequot, p. 143, ISBN 978-1-84537-415-0
- Kanner, Bernice (15 September 1995), Are You Normal?: Do You Behave Like Everyone Else?, St. Martin's Paperbacks, ISBN 0-312-95592-8
- Keeran, James (30 December 1993), "Professor Jaggi // Rocket Scientist", The Pantagraph, p. C1, Factiva blm0000020011031dpcu00n58
- Keim, David (7 April 1997), "Science fair has 301 entries from 40 schools", The Knoxville News-Sentinel, p. A4, Factiva kxvl000020011007dt47006av
- Ladan, Mark (20 March 2001), "New exhibit from Guelph lifts the lid on toilet history", Toronto Star, p. A04, Factiva tor0000020010713dx6k00ldj
- Landers, Ann (7 January 1998), "'Illegitimate daughter' harassing you could be a dangerous weirdo", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. E2, Factiva SLMO000020040607du17004nd
- Landers, Ann (27 July 2002), Mary K. Nolan (ed.), "It's been an interesting 47 years", The Hamilton Spectator, p. A01, Factiva hmsp000020030501dy7r000xe
- "Interview: Ann Landers; Ann Landers discusses her life, her column and her new book, 'Wake Up and Smell the Coffee!'", The Oprah Winfrey Show, 6 June 1996, Factiva OPRH000020070817ds66000bj
- Quilted Northern survey answers age-old question (press release), PR Newswire, 21 May 1993
- Kimberly-Clark (8 March 2010), America Sides With Tori Spelling, Rolls Over, PR Newswire, Factiva PRN0000020100308e638001jl
- "Hang toilet paper over top of roll, Ann Landers says", Toronto Star, p. A4, 19 November 1986, Factiva TOR0000020080607dibj01g0q
- "TTA/Talk Radio", Voice of America Press Releases and Documents, 2 March 2004, Factiva VOA0000020040303e0320001j
- Lind, Angus (17 July 1992), "In a spin over tissue issue", Times-Picayune, p. E1, Factiva notp000020011107do7h00dum
- Lui, John (13 April 2009), "Hip night owl", The Straits Times, Factiva STIMES0020090412e54d00022
- Marelius, John (18 February 1987), "Ann Landers' world has changed in 31 years", The San Diego Union-Tribune, p. D-3, Factiva SDU0000020070707dj2i00mgk
- McCarthey, Tom (3 March 1996), "Unraveling Toilet Trivia", The Salt Lake Tribune, p. Travel H1, Factiva sltr000020011015ds33006we
- McNatt, Cindy (25 April 2010), "Small ways to go GREEN", The Orange County Register, Factiva OCR0000020100503e64p0002t,
Planet Green says that if you hang your toilet paper roll so the paper comes out over the top, not from under, you'll save on toilet paper.
- Mitchell, Kathy; Sugar, Marcy (19 April 2005a), "Annie's Mailbox: Friend's abuse should be reported" (PDF), Vernon Daily Record, p. 6, retrieved 3 July 2010[permanent dead link]
- Mitchell, Kathy; Sugar, Marcy (13 September 2005b), "Annie's Mailbox: Ask phone company to block prank calls", The Gazette (Montreal), p. E8, Factiva MTLG000020050915e19d0000c
- Nerbas, Reena (4 October 2009), "Pesky glue: Peanut butter to the rescue", Winnipeg Free Press, p. D2, Factiva WFP0000020091004e5a40000h
- Nestruck, J. Kelly (1 February 2005), "In loo of usual exhibits", National Post, p. AL5, Factiva FINP000020050201e1210002l
- O'Connor, David (2 May 2005), Henderson's House Rules: The Official Guide to Replacing the Toilet Paper and Other Domestic Topics of Great Dispute, East Quincy Publishing, ISBN 0-9764078-0-9
- Ode, Kim (16 March 2010), "psst...", Star-Tribune, p. 1E, Factiva MSP0000020100322e63g0006s
- Ortega, Mary (26 January 1995), Caught in the act: America's bathroom detectives (press release), PR Newswire, Factiva prn0000020011026dr1q005hj
- Peterson, Christopher (2006), A Primer in Positive Psychology, Oxford: Oxford University Press
- Pierson, Amy (13 January 2004), "Dick Clark Helps Usher in a New Year of Softness (press release)", Market Wire, Factiva ITWR000020040113e01d00001
- Rosencrans, Joyce (7 November 1998), "To fold or not to fold/ guest-bathroom tissue", The Cincinnati Post, p. 1C, Factiva cinp000020010916dub700mw1
- Rubin, Neal (28 September 1989), "From socks to toilet paper roll, answers unfold in U.S. survey", Toronto Star, p. LIFE L2, Factiva TOR0000020080325dl9s019zs
- Scriven, Michael (1991), Evaluation Thesaurus (4th ed.), SAGE Publications, ISBN 0-8039-4363-6
- Stark, Judy (27 June 1993), "They must be flushed", St. Petersburg Times, p. AT HOME, 1, Factiva stpt000020011101dp6r00yb8
- Toronto Star staff and news services (15 June 1993), "Over beats under in toilet paper poll", Toronto Star, p. LIFE, B1, Factiva TOR0000020080312dp6f00bo2
- Weingarten, Gene (4 November 2008), "Chatological Humor", The Washington Post, Factiva WPCOM00020081105e4b40000a
- Wolf, Sharyn (1999), So You Want to Get Married: Guerrilla Tactics for Turning a Date into a Mate, Plume
- "American Standard Bathroom Habits Survey Shows We're Multitasking, Even in the Bath (press release)", American Standard Press, 20 August 2008, retrieved 11 October 2013
- "At long last, I can escape from my Polar prison", Daily Express, pp. 38–39, 14 October 1999, Factiva theexp0020010826dvae0066w
- Zayas, Alexandra (5 November 2009), "Inventors gather in Ybor City to pitch for Pitchmen", St. Petersburg Times, archived from the original on 9 December 2009, retrieved 11 October 2013
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toilet paper holders.|