Tōkamachi, Niigata

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Tōkamachi
十日町市
City
Tōkamachi City Hall
Tōkamachi City Hall
Flag of  Tōkamachi
Flag
Official seal of  Tōkamachi
Seal
Location of Tōkamachi in Niigata
Location of Tōkamachi in Niigata
 Tōkamachi is located in Japan
 Tōkamachi
Tōkamachi
 
Coordinates: 37°7′39.1″N 139°45′20.6″E / 37.127528°N 139.755722°E / 37.127528; 139.755722Coordinates: 37°7′39.1″N 139°45′20.6″E / 37.127528°N 139.755722°E / 37.127528; 139.755722
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
Prefecture NIigata
Area
 • Total 590.39 km2 (227.95 sq mi)
Population (June 2016)
 • Total 54,104
 • Density 91.6/km2 (237/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols  
• Tree Fagus crenata
• Flower Lilium
• Bird Swan
Phone number 025-757-3111
Address 3-3 Chitose, Tokamachi-shi, Niigata-ken 948-8501
Website www.city.tokamachi.lg.jp
Koshirakura, Tōkamachi in winter

Tōkamachi (十日町市 Tōkamachi-shi?) is a city located in southwest Niigata Prefecture, in the Hokuriku region of Japan. As of 1 June 2016, the city had an estimated population of 54,104 and a population density of 91.6 persons per km². Its total area was 590.39 square kilometres (227.95 sq mi), including the post-creation undefined boundary areas. The city's mayor is Yoshifumi Sekiguchi, who was elected in May 2009.[1] Tokamachi derives its name from the fact that on the tenth day of the month, the town's local market was held. Similarly, nearby Muikamachi had its own local market held on the sixth day of the month.[2]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Tōkamachi was part of ancient Echigo Province. The modern town of Tōkamachi was established on September 24, 1897. It was elevated to city status on March 31, 1954, by merging with the neighbouring villages of Nakajo, Kawaji and Rokka. The village of Yoshida (from Nakauonuma District) was annexed on December 1, 1954 followed by the village of Shimojo (from Nakauonuma District) on February 1, 1955. On April 1, 1962 - Tōkamachi absorbed the village of Mizusawa (from Nakauonuma District). The Chūetsu earthquake of October 23, 2004 caused only minor damage to the city. On April 1, 2005 Tōkamachi absorbed the towns of Matsudai and Matsunoyama (both from Higashikubiki District); the town of Kawanishi, and the village of Nakasato (both from Nakauonuma District) to create the new and expanded city of Tōkamachi.

Geography[edit]

Tōkamachi is located in an inland region of southwest Niigata Prefecture. Parts of the city are within the borders of the Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Winter is cold and wet. An average of three meters of snow hit the city during this season. Tōkamachi, like much of Japan is located in a temperate marine climate zone which provides plenty of wet weather. Although the temperature does not often drop below 0 °C (32 °F), snow is in abundance. Because Tōkamachi lies in a valley, wind patterns bring in clouds from both the sea of Japan as well as the Pacific ocean. The mountains surrounding the city (though not terribly high in altitude) act as any other mountains that affect rain and snow patterns providing a barrier for cloud patters. This causes a great deal of the built up precipitation to drop on the city. The Tōkamachi area receives the most snow of any area on the main island of Honshu.[citation needed]

Climate data for Tokamachi, Niigata (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.7
(38.7)
7.4
(45.3)
15.3
(59.5)
21.8
(71.2)
25.2
(77.4)
28.4
(83.1)
30.4
(86.7)
25.6
(78.1)
19.5
(67.1)
13.1
(55.6)
6.5
(43.7)
16.66
(61.98)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
0.0
(32)
2.7
(36.9)
9.0
(48.2)
15.5
(59.9)
19.9
(67.8)
23.5
(74.3)
24.9
(76.8)
20.5
(68.9)
14.1
(57.4)
8.0
(46.4)
2.6
(36.7)
11.71
(53.08)
Average low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.6
(38.5)
10.0
(50)
15.6
(60.1)
19.8
(67.6)
20.9
(69.6)
16.6
(61.9)
9.8
(49.6)
3.9
(39)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.68
(45.83)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 415.2
(16.346)
268.4
(10.567)
179.4
(7.063)
102.1
(4.02)
106.3
(4.185)
141.2
(5.559)
209.9
(8.264)
156.1
(6.146)
171.5
(6.752)
164.9
(6.492)
231.9
(9.13)
349.1
(13.744)
2,496
(98.268)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 417
(164.2)
308
(121.3)
175
(68.9)
39
(15.4)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
12
(4.7)
212
(83.5)
1,164
(458.4)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.9 79.4 111.6 166.5 192.4 150.7 153.4 192.5 125.7 125.8 98.7 71.3 1,523.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

Education[edit]

Tōkamachi has 19 public elementary schools and ten public middle schools. There are five public high schools operated by the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education, and also three special education schools.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

International[edit]

  • Italy Como, Italy, signed in 1975

Inside Japan[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Tokamachi snow festival
Kinare, an Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial site, late March

References[edit]

  1. ^ 市長プロフィール [Mayor's profile] (in Japanese). City of Tokamachi. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  2. ^ 市長への便り(平成25年7月) [Mayor answers questions related to name of city] (in Japanese). City of Tokamachi. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 

External links[edit]