Toktogul Satylganov

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Toktogul Satylganov, as shown on the Kyrgyz 100 som note.

Toktogul Satylganov (Kyrgyz: Токтогул Сатылган уулу, Toqtoğul Satılğan úlu/Toktogul Satylgan uulu, توقتوعۇل ساتىلعان ۇۇلۇ; Russian: Токтогул Сатылганов, Toktogul Satylganov) (25 October 1864 – 17 February 1933), born in Kushchusu, Khanate of Kokand, was the most famous of the Kyrgyz Akyns - improvising poets and singers.[1]

Toktogul was a well-known poet and copmoser with the democratic views even during the Tsarist Russia's colonial era in Southern Kyrgyzstan (1876–1917).

On the eve of the revolt led by Muhammad Ali Madali, the Sufi ishan, the poet Toktogul was harshly criticizing local Kyrgyz lords in Ketmen-Tobe valley.

Madali ishan, seeking to rid the area of the Russians and restore the formerly independent khanate of Khokand, called for "holy war", and led 2,000 men against the Tsarist Russia on 17–18 May 1898 (on 30–31 May 1898 in the Gregorian calendar). However, his force was blocked outside the city on Andijan by the Russian 20th Line Battalion and defeated. Of those 2,000, 546 were put on trial, and Madali and five of his lieutenants hanged.[2]

Most of the sentences people were Kyrgyz people in the Ferghana valley and mountainous areas in Chatkal, Aksy and Ketmen-Tobe in nowadays Southern Kyrgyzstan. Among them was a prominent poet-improviser and composer Toktogul Satylganov (1864–1933), who was jailed by a false accusation by his political foes in the Ketmen-Tobe valley about his alleged participation in the revolt. He returned from Siberia jail (in the village of Kuitun near the town of Irkutsk) in 1905 only.

His fame reached a high point in the Soviet era when his works were promoted by the state as a musician of the people and he was known throughout Kyrgyzstan simply as "Toktogul".[3] This distinction was founded largely on his works in the pre-revolutionary era which were interpreted as reflecting the class struggle. Modern interpretations, however, suggest that they had more to do with clan rivalries.[3] Despite this, he welcomed the revolution, writing "What woman gave a birth to such a person like Lenin?" in celebration.[1] Even after the fall of the Soviet Union Toktogul's songs remain popular among Kyrgyz performers and many streets, parks, schools, and even his home town are named after him.[1]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Toktogul at
  2. ^ Edward Allworth. Central Asia, 130 years of Russian dominance: a historical overview. Duke University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8223-1521-1, ISBN 978-0-8223-1521-6
  3. ^ a b Toktogul at Kyrgyz Music