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For the personal name, see Tokuji (given name).
|History of Japan|
Tokuji (徳治?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Kagen and before Enkyō. This period spanned the years from December 1306 through October 1308. The reigning emperor was Go-Nijō-tennō (後二条天皇?).
Change of era
- 1306 Tokuji gannen (徳治元年?): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Kagen 4.
Events of the Tokuji era
- 1308 (Tokuji 3, 8th month): In the 8th year of Go-Nijo-tennō 's reign (後二条天皇8年), the emperor died at the young age of 24; and the succession (senso) was received by his cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Hanazono is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).
- 1308 (Tokuji 3, 10th month): The nengō was changed to Enkyō to mark the accession of Emperor Hanazono.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tokuji" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 980, p. 980, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 275-278; Varley, H. Paul. Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 239.
- Titsingh, p. 278; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Varley, p. 240.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō
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