Tokushima at-large district

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Tokushima at-large district (徳島県選挙区, Tokushima-ken senkyoku) is a constituency of the House of Councillors in the Diet of Japan (national legislature). It consists of Tokushima Prefecture and elects two Councillors, one every three years by a first-past-the-post system for a six-year term. In the first election in 1947, Tokushima like all districts used single non-transferable vote to elect both its Councillors in one election.

Single-member districts (ichinin-ku) for the House of Councillors often play a decisive role for the outcome of elections as little swing in votes is required to achieve a change of the Councillors elected there. Tokushima in predominantly rural Shikoku has for decades voted for candidates from the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) or ex-LDP conservative independents by large margins. In the landslide election of 1989 that left the LDP-led government without a majority in the House of Councillors for the first time, a so-called "twisted parliament" (nejire kokkai), Harumi Inui from RENGO trade union federation's Rengō no Kai won Tokushima against incumbent Tomoyoshi Kamanaga by a margin of 60,000 votes.

With its 641,534 registered voters (as of September 2015),[1] it is the fourth-smallest electoral district for the house. To address the imbalance in representation between districts, a 2015 revision of the Public Officers Election Law will see the district merged with the Kochi At-large district to create the Tokushima-Kochi At-large district;[2] this change will begin to take effect at the 2016 election, at which one Councillor will be elected.

The current Councillors for Tokushima are:

Elected Councillors[edit]

class of 1947 election year class of 1950
#1
(1947: #1, 6-year term)
#1
(1947: #2, 3-year term)
Yojin Akazawa
(Kakushin Kyōdō,
"Progressive Cooperation")[3]
1947[4] Makio Kishino (Indep.)[3]
1947 by-el.[5] Mitsu Kōro (DP)
1950[6]
Yokichirō Miki (Indep.) 1953[7]
1956[8] Mitsu Kōro (LDP)
Yokichirō Miki (LDP) 1959[9]
1962[10]
1965[11]
1968[12] Kentarō Kujime (LDP)
Kōshō Ogasa (Indep.) 1971[13]
1974[14] Kentarō Kujime (Indep.)
Tomoyoshi Kamenaga (LDP) 1977[15]
1980[16] Ken Naitō (LDP)
1983[17]
1986[18] Kōji Matsuura (LDP)
Harumi Inui (Rengō no Kai) 1989[19]
1992[20]
Shūji Kitaoka (LDP) 1995[21]
1998[22] Kiseko Takahashi (Indep.)[23]
2001[24]
2004[25] Masakatsu Koike (LDP)
Tomoji Nakatani (DPJ) 2007[26]
2010[27] Yūsuke Nakanishi (LDP)
Toru Miki (LDP) 2013[28]
2016 seat to be abolished
seat to be abolished 2019

References[edit]

  1. ^ "平成27年9月2日現在選挙人名簿及び在外選挙人名簿登録者数" [Number of resident and non-resident enrolled voters as of 2 September 2015] (in Japanese). 2 September 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Upper House districts set for shake-up after electoral reform laws pass Diet". Japan Times. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  3. ^ a b joined Ryokufūkai
  4. ^ 参議院>第1回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  5. ^ 参議院>第1回参議院議員補欠選挙. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Archived from the original on 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2010-05-09. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  6. ^ 参議院>第2回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  7. ^ 参議院>第3回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  8. ^ 参議院>第4回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  9. ^ 参議院>第5回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  10. ^ 参議院>第6回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  11. ^ 参議院>第7回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  12. ^ 参議院>第8回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  13. ^ 参議院>第9回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  14. ^ 参議院>第10回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  15. ^ 参議院>第11回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  16. ^ 参議院>第12回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  17. ^ 参議院>第13回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  18. ^ 参議院>第14回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  19. ^ 参議院>第15回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  20. ^ 参議院>第16回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  21. ^ 参議院>第17回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  22. ^ 参議院>第18回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  23. ^ ran with opposition support, later joined Midori no Kaigi (lit. "Green Conference")
  24. ^ 参議院>第19回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  25. ^ 参議院>第20回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  26. ^ 参議院>第21回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-05-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  27. ^ 参議院>第22回参議院議員選挙>徳島選挙区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-07-12. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help); External link in |work= (help)
  28. ^ "選挙区 高知 選挙結果 参議院選挙(参院選)2013" [Kochi At-large district election results, 2013 House of Councillors election]. Yomiuri Shimbun. Retrieved 22 February 2016.