The Big Egg, Tokyo Big Egg
|Location||3, Koraku 1-chome, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan|
|Owner||Tokyo Dome Corporation (part of the DKB Group)|
|Field size||Facility Capacity Area
Site: 112,456 m2 (27.788 acres)
|Opened||March 17, 1988|
|Architect||Takenaka Corporation, Nikken Sekkei|
|Yomiuri Giants (NPB (Central League)) (1988–present)|
Nippon Ham Fighters (NPB (Pacific League)) (1988–2003)
Tokyo Dome (東京ドーム, Tōkyō Dōmu, TYO: 9681) is a stadium in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan. Construction on the stadium began on May 16, 1985, and it opened on March 17, 1988. It was built on the site of the Velodrome, adjacent to the predecessor ballpark, Korakuen Stadium. It has a maximum total capacity of 57,000 depending on configuration, with an all-seating configuration of 42,000.
Tokyo Dome's original nickname was "The Big Egg", with some calling it the "Tokyo Big Egg". Its dome-shaped roof is an air-supported structure, a flexible membrane supported by slightly pressurizing the inside of the stadium. It was developed by Nikken Sekkei and Takenaka Corporation. It was modeled after the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome.
It is the home field of the Yomiuri Giants baseball team, and has also hosted music concerts, basketball, American football and association football games, as well as puroresu (pro-wrestling) matches, mixed martial arts events, kickboxing events, and monster truck races. It is also the location of the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame which chronicles the history of baseball in Japan. It became the first Japanese venue with an American football attendance above 50,000.
The Tokyo Dome is commonly used in Japan as a measure for illustrating the size of large spaces in Japan, much the same way that football fields are used in the United States.
Tokyo Dome City
Tokyo Dome is part of a greater entertainment complex known as Tokyo Dome City, built of the grounds of the former Tokyo Koishikawa arsenal. Tokyo Dome City includes an amusement park and Tokyo Dome City Attractions (formerly Kōrakuen Grounds). This amusement park occupies the former Korakuen Stadium site and includes a roller coaster named Thunder Dolphin and a hubless Ferris wheel. The grounds also have an onsen called Spa LaQua, various shops, restaurants, video game centers, the largest JRA WINS horse race betting complex in Tokyo, and Oft Korakuen, which caters to rural horse races.
Van Halen Performed 2 Soldout shows on February 1 and 2, 1989. Mick Jagger was the first international act to play in the Tokyo Dome on March 22 and 23, 1988. Bon Jovi followed suit and played at the Tokyo Dome on 31 December 1988. The band has since performed a total of 19 concerts at Tokyo Dome, most recently in 2010 as part of The Circle Tour. Mariah Carey's three sold-out shows at the Dome during her 1996 Daydream World Tour on March 7, 10, and 14 set records when all 150,000 tickets sold in under 3 hours. She later performed at the Dome for 4 nights during her 1998 Butterfly World Tour on January 11, 14, 17, 20, and 2 nights during her 2000 Rainbow World Tour on March 7 and 9. Overall, Carey performed at the Tokyo Dome 9 sold-out concerts to date. She holds the record for the most number of sold-out shows performed at the venue for a female solo artist, both in her country of origin and international. The second is Janet Jackson with a total of 8 shows, who performed at the Dome in 1990, selling out four shows in 7 minutes, setting a record for the fastest sellout in the history of Tokyo Dome. This record was later surpassed by Japanese rock band L'Arc~en~Ciel.
February 22, 1989, Duran Duran performed at the Tokyo Dome (aka The Egg), Tokyo, Japan as part of their Big Thing tour. The concert is filmed for TV broadcast; a high-quality bootleg CD is engineered off the video of this broadcast.
Superstar Michael Jackson performed 21 concerts during his 3 solo world tours (more than any other artist). In 1988, for his Bad World Tour Jackson performed 9 concerts on December 9, 10, 11, 17, 18, 19, 24, 25 and 26 in front of 405,000 people (45,000 per show). In 1992, for his Dangerous World Tour, 8 concerts on December 12, 14, 17, 19, 22, 24, 30 and 31 in front of 360,000 people (45,000 per show) and in 1996, for his HIStory World Tour, 4 concerts on December 13, 15, 17 and 20 (180,000 people, 45,000 per show).
On January 31 and February 1, 1999, Canadian superstar Celine Dion performed two sold-out shows in front of 50,000 each night as a part of her Lets Talk About Love World Tour. Dion returned to the venue in 2008 on March 8 and 9 as a part of her Taking Chances World Tour selling out both shows in minutes, Dion would perform with rising star Yuna Ito, kick-starting her career. Dion was scheduled to appear at the venue for 2 sold-out shows on November 18 and 19 2014 which sold out immediately, with another two dates rumored to be announced, however, the tour was canceled due to her husband's illness. Dion again returned to the venue on June 26, 2018, as a part of her Celine Dion Live 2018 Tour, performing to a sold-out crowd of 42,000 fans
Heavy metal band X Japan has performed at Tokyo Dome many times, including their last concert with former bassist Taiji on January 7, 1992 (On the Verge of Destruction 1992.1.7 Tokyo Dome Live) and their last concert before disbanding on December 31, 1997 (The Last Live Video). The arena also hosted their first concerts after reuniting in 2007; March 28–30, 2008.
Yellow Magic Orchestra played two sold-out concerts at the arena on June 10–11, 1993. This was their only two concerts since their dissolution in 1983 and would be their last until their reformation in 2007.
Since 1996, the talent agency Johnny and Associates organized a New Year's Eve live concert known as Johnny's Countdown. The event is broadcast nationwide on Fuji Television with members of the agency performing their songs from the past and present including Arashi, Kinki Kids, and V6.
Japanese multi-genre band Judy and Mary performed on 7 & 8 March 2001 as their final performances as a band in support of their final album Warp. The 8 March 2001 concert was recorded for VHS and DVD and at 140 minutes was the longest concert Judy and Mary had performed.[circular reference]
Madonna performed at Tokyo Dome seven times, the first time in 1993 with five sold-out shows at dome on December 13, 14, 16, 17 and 19 during her The Girlie Show Tour, Thirteen years later, Madonna returned to perform at Tokyo Dome with two sold-out shows in front of 71,231 fans at the venue on September 20 and 21, 2006, as part of her Confessions Tour.
On July 22, 2007, Kinki Kids held their 10th-anniversary concert at Tokyo Dome, which drew a crowd of about 67,000 fans, making it the biggest concert ever held at the Dome. The record was previously held by Tsuyoshi Nagabuchi in 1992 when his concert drew an audience of 65,000.
On December 22, 2007, Hey! Say! JUMP held their debut concert Hey! Say! JUMP Debut & First Concert Ikinari! in Tokyo Dome. They became the youngest group ever to perform in Tokyo Dome with the average age of 15.7 years old.
On September 19, 2009, influential rock artist Eikichi Yazawa held first Tokyo dome concert in 20 years under the title of "Rock'n'Roll in Tokyo Dome".Just 5 days after his 60th birthday, He performed 26 songs and gathered over 50,000 spectators in a day. With guests of other major Japanese musicians: Kyosuke Himuro, Hiroto Kōmoto and Masatoshi Mashima. Since then he held his concert in dome constantly, mostly in the year of milestones such as 2015 (40th anniversary of solo debut of his) and 2018 (69th birthday. "69" can be read as "rock" in Japanese).
Electronic J-pop band Perfume performed one concert on 3 November 2010 titled "1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11" to mark their 10th going into 11th year as a band. Perfume was the second ever girl group after Speed to perform in Tokyo Dome. On 2013, Perfume performed another show for their Level3 album. On February 25, 2020, Perfume returned again to perform a show at Tokyo Dome for their First Nationwide Dome tour "P Cubed" for two days. The second day of the show was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
In December 2011, Japanese voice actress and singer Nana Mizuki became the first ever voice actress to perform at Tokyo Dome, performing December 3–4 to a total crowd of 80,000 fans for Live Castle 2011 Queen & King. She later held another 2 day concert called Live Galaxy Genesis & Frontier there in April 2016 to a total crowd of 80,000 fans, still remaining the only voice actress to perform there under her own name.
In 2012, Korean boy group Super Junior performed on May 12 and 13 at Tokyo Dome for their Super Show 4 world concert tour. 110,392 fans filled the venue. Following their successful Super Show 4 during the previous year, Super Junior held their concert for their 2013 Super Show 5 world tour at Tokyo Dome. With their two-day tour on July 27 and 28, Super Junior was able to bring approximately 110,468 audiences. Super Junior again held a concert at the Tokyo Dome for their third world concert tour, Super Show 6 in October 2014. There were an estimated 112,388 fans who attended the concert. In 2018 Super Junior returned to Tokyo Dome after four years with their Super Show 7 World Tour on November 30 and December 1.
In August 2012, Japan's girl group AKB48 performed there for their concert AKB48 in TOKYO DOME ~1830m no Yume~ , along with their other sister groups. 1830m is the distance between the theater and the dome itself. It was their dream to perform in the dome and they finally achieved it after 7 years and this concert is also known for being Atsuko Maeda's graduation concert. Also in 2013, AKB48 held their AKB48 2013 Manatsu no Dome Tour ~Mada mada, Yaranakya Ikenai koto ga aru~ and includes Tokyo Dome as well. This tour is also known for the graduation concerts of Mariko Shinoda, Tomomi Itano and Sayaka Akimoto. In 2014, they held their AKB48 Group concert AKB48 Group Tokyo Dome Concert 〜Suru na yo? Suru na yo? Zettai Sotsugyou Happyou Suru na yo?〜, consisting of three shows, the first day being the first AKB48 only concert in that dome, and the second and last days being joined by the other sister groups.
In December 2012, Korean boy group Big Bang performed at Tokyo Dome for their Alive Tour. They returned to Tokyo in 2013 for their Japan Dome Tour and bringing in 152,420 fans for a 3-day concert. In 2014, they returned to Tokyo for their X Tour and performed for 3 days bringing in 150,000 fans.
In December 2014, Girls' Generation performed The Best Live concert commemorating their seventh anniversary as a girl group and fourth anniversary since debut in Japan. There were 55,164 tickets sold / available (100% sold). This makes Girls’ Generation as the first foreign girl group to sell out 100% tickets in Tokyo Dome.
In 2015, South Korean boy band EXO performed at Tokyo Dome from November 6 to November 8 as part of their Exo Planet ＃2 - The Exo'luxion world tour which assembled 147,382 fans during their 3 night concert. Exo was the first and the youngest Kpop boy group to ever hold and sell out concerts at Tokyo Dome without any Japanese album release at that time, achieving this 3 years and 6 months since debut.
In 2016, a group called μ's, which belongs to Japanese multimedia project Love Live! performed for approximately 250,000 fans at Tokyo Dome and live viewing from 31 March to 1 April 2016 for their final live show titled "μ's Final LoveLive! μ'sic Forever". Live viewing of the event was made throughout Japan and 10 other Asia and Oceanic countries, with 221 from Japan and 30 from 10 other Asia and Oceanic countries.
In 2017, Nogizaka46 held the successful national tour concluded with a two-day performance for 100,000 fans at Tokyo Dome. They are the first artist from Sakamichi Series hold the concert at this dome.
In July 2018, Caesars Entertainment sponsored Celine Dion's concert at the Tokyo Dome. K-Pop group SHINee also held their special fanmeet at Tokyo Dome in 2018 attended by 55,000 people, having held sold-out concerts at the venue regularly since 2015. In the same year, K-Pop boy group BTS performed for two days (November 13–14, 2018) at the Tokyo Dome as part of the Asia leg of their Love Yourself World Tour.
In 2019, Twice performed for two days at the Tokyo Dome as part of their ”#Dreamday Dome Tour” on March 29 and 30. They are the first Korean girl group to hold a dome tour. Both shows combined sold out 100,000 seats in 1 minute.
New Japan Pro-Wrestling has held a flagship professional wrestling event at Tokyo Dome, currently titled Wrestle Kingdom, on January 4 of each year, since 1992. The event expanded in 2020 to two nights, with the second night on January 5. The event is the biggest in Japanese professional wrestling, and has been compared to WWE's flagship U.S. event WrestleMania in terms of size and significance. Other companies such as All Japan Pro Wrestling, Pro Wrestling NOAH, and WWE had previously done major events in the Tokyo Dome as well.
In boxing, Mike Tyson fought twice in Tokyo Dome — a successful undisputed title defense against Tony Tubbs in 1988, and in a loss considered to be one of the biggest upsets in sports history to James "Buster" Douglas in 1990.
The final round of the K-1 World Grand Prix kickboxing tournament was held at the Tokyo Dome from 1997 to 2006.
Mixed martial arts
The Tokyo Dome hosted seven Pride FC mixed martial arts fights: Pride 1, Pride 4, Pride Grand Prix 2000 Opening Round, Pride Grand Prix 2000 Finals, Pride 17, Pride 23, and Pride Final Conflict 2003. The last event had an attendance of 67,451.
The Tokyo Dome has held various Major League Baseball games to open the seasons, with the first series—a two-game slate between the Chicago Cubs and New York Mets in 2000—being the first time American MLB teams have played regular season games in Asia. Four years later, the New York Yankees, featuring former Yomiuri Giants slugger/outfielder Hideki Matsui in their lineup, and the Tampa Bay Devil Rays played two games in the stadium to start the 2004 season. The Boston Red Sox and the Oakland Athletics opened the 2008 MLB season in Japan, and also competed against Japanese teams. To open the 2012 season the Seattle Mariners and the Athletics, the former of which had Ichiro Suzuki, played a two-game series on March 28–29. In game one Seattle – led by Ichiro's 4 hits – won 3–1 in 11 innings. The Mariners and Athletics returned to the Tokyo Dome for a two-game series to begin the 2019 Major League Baseball season, with Ichiro retiring from professional baseball after the second game.
|Date||Winning Team||Result||Losing Team||Attendance|
|March 29, 2000||Chicago Cubs||5–3||New York Mets||55,000|
|March 30, 2000||New York Mets||5–1||Chicago Cubs||55,000|
|March 30, 2004||Tampa Bay Devil Rays||8–3||New York Yankees||55,000|
|March 31, 2004||New York Yankees||12–1||Tampa Bay Devil Rays||55,000|
|March 25, 2008||Boston Red Sox||6–5||Oakland Athletics||44,628|
|March 26, 2008||Oakland Athletics||5–1||Boston Red Sox||44,735|
|March 28, 2012||Seattle Mariners||3–1||Oakland Athletics||44,227|
|March 29, 2012||Oakland Athletics||4–1||Seattle Mariners||43,391|
|March 20, 2019||Seattle Mariners||9–7||Oakland Athletics||45,787|
|March 21, 2019||Seattle Mariners||5–4||Oakland Athletics||46,451|
As part of the American Bowl, the Tokyo Dome held 13 National Football League preseason games between 1989 and 2005. In the 1996 game between the San Diego Chargers and Pittsburgh Steelers, three Japanese linebackers – Takuro Abe, Shigemasa Ito, and Takahiro Ikenoue of the World League of American Football – became the first Japanese players to participate in an NFL game; Abe and Ito sporadically appeared on special teams for the Chargers, while Ikenoue was part of the Steelers' defense.
|Date||Winning Team||Result||Losing Team||Attendance|
|August 6, 1989||Los Angeles Rams||16–13
|San Francisco 49ers||43,896|
|August 5, 1990||Denver Broncos||10–7||Seattle Seahawks||48,827|
|August 4, 1991||Miami Dolphins||19–17||Los Angeles Raiders||-|
|August 2, 1992||Houston Oilers||34–23||Dallas Cowboys||-|
|August 1, 1993||New Orleans Saints||28–16||Philadelphia Eagles||-|
|August 7, 1994||Minnesota Vikings||17–9||Kansas City Chiefs||49,555|
|August 6, 1995||Denver Broncos||24–10||San Francisco 49ers||-|
|July 28, 1996||San Diego Chargers||20–10||Pittsburgh Steelers||-|
|August 2, 1998||Green Bay Packers||27–24
|Kansas City Chiefs||42,018|
|August 6, 2000||Atlanta Falcons||27–24||Dallas Cowboys||-|
|August 2, 2003||Tampa Bay Buccaneers||30–14||New York Jets||-|
|August 6, 2005||Atlanta Falcons||27–21||Indianapolis Colts||45,203|
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