Jump to content

Haneda Airport

Coordinates: 35°33′12″N 139°46′52″E / 35.55333°N 139.78111°E / 35.55333; 139.78111
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Tokyo International Airport)
Haneda Airport

羽田空港
Haneda Kūkō
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
ServesGreater Tokyo Area
LocationŌta, Tokyo, Japan
OpenedAugust 15, 1931; 92 years ago (1931-08-15)
Hub for
Operating base for
Elevation AMSL6 m / 21 ft
Coordinates35°33′12″N 139°46′52″E / 35.55333°N 139.78111°E / 35.55333; 139.78111
Websitewww.tokyo-haneda.com/en
Maps
HND/RJTT is located in Tokyo
HND/RJTT
HND/RJTT
Location in Japan
HND/RJTT is located in Japan
HND/RJTT
HND/RJTT
HND/RJTT (Japan)
HND/RJTT is located in Asia
HND/RJTT
HND/RJTT
HND/RJTT (Asia)
Map
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16R/34L 3,000 9,843 Asphalt concrete
16L/34R 3,360 11,024 Asphalt concrete
04/22 2,500 8,202 Asphalt concrete
05/23 2,500 8,202 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2023)
Number of passengers78,719,302
Sources:[1]

Haneda Airport (羽田空港, Haneda Kūkō) (IATA: HND, ICAO: RJTT), sometimes referred to as Tokyo-Haneda, is one of two international airports serving the Greater Tokyo Area, the other one being Narita International Airport (NRT). It serves as the primary domestic base of Japan's two largest airlines, Japan Airlines (Terminal 1) and All Nippon Airways (Terminal 2), as well as RegionalPlus Wings Corp. (Air Do and Solaseed Air), Skymark Airlines, and StarFlyer. It is located in Ōta, Tokyo, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) south of Tokyo Station. The facility covers 1,522 hectares (3,761 acres) of land.[2]

Haneda was the primary international airport serving Tokyo until 1978; from 1978 to 2010, Haneda handled almost all domestic flights to and from Tokyo as well as "scheduled charter" flights to a small number of major cities in East and Southeast Asia, while Narita handled the vast majority of international flights from further locations. In 2010, a dedicated international terminal, currently Terminal 3, was opened at Haneda in conjunction with the completion of a fourth runway, allowing long-haul flights during night-time hours.[3] Haneda opened up to long-haul service during the daytime in March 2014, with carriers offering nonstop service to 25 cities in 17 countries.[4] Since the resuming of international flights, airlines in Japan strategize Haneda as "Hub of Japan": providing connections between intercontinental flights with Japanese domestic flights, while envisioning Narita as the "Hub of Asia" between intercontinental destinations with Asian destinations.[5]

The Japanese government encourages the use of Haneda for premium business routes and the use of Narita for leisure routes and by low-cost carriers. However, the major full-service carriers may have a choice to fly to both airports.[6] Haneda handled 87,098,683 passengers in 2018; by passenger throughput, it was the third-busiest airport in Asia and the fourth-busiest in the world. It returned to the second-busiest airport in Asia after Dubai International Airport in 2023 in the Airports Council International rankings.[7] It is able to handle 90 million passengers per year following its expansion in 2018. With Haneda and Narita combined, Tokyo has the third-busiest city airport system in the world, after London and New York.

In 2020, Haneda was named the second-best airport after Singapore's Changi Airport[8] and the World's Best Domestic Airport.[9] It maintained its second place in Skytrax’s world's top 100 airports for 2021 and 2022, in-between Qatar's Hamad International Airport and Singapore's Changi Airport, and maintaining its best Domestic Airport title from the previous year.[10][11]

History

[edit]

Before the construction of Haneda, the area was a prosperous resort centered around Anamori Inari Shrine, and Tokyo's primary airport was Tachikawa Airfield. It was the main operating base of Japan Air Transport, then the country's flag carrier. But as it was a military base and 35 kilometres (22 mi) away from central Tokyo, aviators in Tokyo used various beaches of Tokyo Bay as airstrips, including beaches near the current site of Haneda (Haneda was a town located on Tokyo Bay, which merged into the Tokyo ward of Kamata in 1932).[12] In 1930, the Japanese postal ministry purchased a 53-hectare (130-acre) portion of reclaimed land from a private individual in order to construct an airport.[13]

Empire era (1931–1945)

[edit]
Apron and runway at Haneda Airfield c. 1930

Haneda Airfield (羽田飛行場, Haneda Hikōjō) first opened in 1931 on a small piece of reclaimed land at the west end of today's airport complex. A 300-metre (980 ft) concrete runway, a small airport terminal and 2 hangars were constructed. The first flight from the airport on August 25, 1931, carried a load of insects to Dalian.[13]

During the 1930s, Haneda handled flights to destinations in Japan mainland, Taiwan, Korea (both under Japanese rule) and Manchuria (ruled by Manchukuo).[14] The major Japanese newspapers also built their first flight departments at Haneda during this time, and Manchukuo National Airways began service between Haneda and Xinjing. JAT was renamed Imperial Japanese Airways following its nationalization in 1938.[13] Passenger and freight traffic grew dramatically in these early years. In 1939, Haneda's first runway was extended to 800 metres (2,600 ft) in length and a second 800-metre (2,600 ft) runway was completed.[15] The airport's size grew to 72.8 hectares (180 acres) using land purchased by the postal ministry from a nearby exercise ground.[13]

During World War II, both IJA and Haneda Airport shifted to almost exclusively military transport services. Haneda Airport was also used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service for flight training during the war.[13]

In the late 1930s, the Tokyo government planned a new Tokyo Municipal Airport on an artificial island in Koto Ward. At 251 hectares (620 acres), the airport would have been five times the size of Haneda at the time, and significantly larger than Tempelhof Airport in Berlin, which was said to be the largest airport in the world at the time. The airport plan was finalized in 1938 and work on the island began in 1939 for completion in 1941, but the project fell behind schedule due to resource constraints during World War II. This plan was officially abandoned following the war, as the Allied occupation authorities favored expanding Haneda rather than building a new airport; the island was later expanded by dumping garbage into the bay, and is now known as Yumenoshima.[16]

Control era (1945–1952)

[edit]
U.S. Air Force C-97 Stratofreighter at Haneda Army Air Base in 1952

On September 12, 1945, General Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers and head of the Occupation of Japan following World War II, ordered that Haneda be handed over to the occupation forces. On the following day, he took delivery of the airport, which was renamed Haneda Army Air Base, and ordered the eviction of many nearby residents in order to make room for various construction projects, including extending one runway to 1,650 metres (5,413 ft) and the other to 2,100 metres (6,890 ft). On the 21st, Anamori Inari Shrine and over 3,000 residents received orders to leave their homes within 48 hours. Many resettled on the other side of a river in the Haneda district of Ota, surrounding Anamoriinari Station, and some still live in the area today.[17] The expansion work commenced in October 1945 and was completed in June 1946, at which point the airport covered 257.4 hectares (636 acres). Haneda AAF was designated as a port of entry to Japan.[13]

Haneda was mainly a military and civilian transportation base used by the U.S. Army and Air Force as a stop-over for C-54 transport planes departing San Francisco, en route to the Far East and returning flights. A number of C-54s, based at Haneda AFB, participated in the Berlin Blockade airlift. These planes were specially outfitted for hauling coal to German civilians. Many of these planes were decommissioned after their participation due to coal dust contamination. Several US Army or Air Force generals regularly parked their personal planes at Haneda while visiting Tokyo, including General Ennis Whitehead. During the Korean War, Haneda was the main regional base for United States Navy flight nurses, who evacuated patients from Korea to Haneda for treatment at military hospitals in Tokyo and Yokosuka.[18] US military personnel based at Haneda were generally housed at the Washington Heights residential complex in central Tokyo (now Yoyogi Park).

Haneda Air Force Base received its first international passenger flights in 1947 when Northwest Orient Airlines began DC-4 flights across the North Pacific to the United States, and within Asia to China, South Korea, and the Philippines.[19] Pan American World Airways made Haneda a stop on its "round the world" route later in 1947, with westbound DC-4 service to Shanghai, Hong Kong, Kolkata, Karachi, Damascus, Istanbul, London and New York, and eastbound Constellation service to Wake Island, Honolulu and San Francisco.[20]

The U.S. military gave part of the base back to Japan in 1952; this portion became known as Tokyo International Airport. The US military maintained a base at Haneda until 1958 when the remainder of the property was returned to the Japanese government.[13]

First international era (1952–1978)

[edit]
Japan Airlines flight attendants in 1951

Japan's flag carrier Japan Airlines began its first domestic operations from Haneda in 1951. For a few postwar years, Tokyo International Airport did not have a passenger terminal building. The Japan Airport Terminal Co., Ltd. TYO: 9706 was founded in 1953 to develop the first passenger terminal, which opened in 1955. An extension for international flights opened in 1963.[21] European carriers began service to Haneda in the 1950s. Air France arrived at Haneda for the first time in November 1952.[22] BOAC de Havilland Comet flights to London via the southern route began in 1953, and SAS DC-7 flights to Copenhagen via Anchorage began in 1957. JAL and Aeroflot began cooperative service from Haneda to Moscow in 1967. Pan Am and Northwest Orient used Haneda as a hub. The August 1957 Official Airline Guide shows 86 domestic and 8 international departures each week on Japan Air Lines. Other international departures per week: seven Civil Air Transport, three Thai DC4s, 2 Hong Kong Airways Viscounts (and maybe three DC-6Bs), two Air India and one QANTAS. Northwest had 16 departures a week, Pan Am had 12 and Canadian Pacific had four; Air France three, KLM three, SAS five, Swissair two and BOAC three. As of 1966, the airport had three runways: 15L/33R (10,335 by 200 feet (3,150 m × 61 m)), 15R/33L (9,850 by 180 feet (3,002 m × 55 m)) and 4/22 (5,150 by 150 feet (1,570 m × 46 m)).[23]

The Tokyo Monorail opened between Haneda and central Tokyo in 1964, in time for the Tokyo Olympics. During 1964, Japan lifted travel restrictions on its citizens, causing passenger traffic at the airport to swell.[21] The introduction of jet aircraft in the 1960s followed by the Boeing 747 in 1970 also required various facility improvements at Haneda, including extending Runway 4/22 over the water and repurposing part of Runway 15R/33L as an airport apron.[13] A new international arrivals facility opened in June 1970.[24]

Around 1961, the government began considering further expansion of Haneda with a third runway and additional apron space, but forecast that the expansion would only meet capacity requirements for about ten years following completion. In 1966, the government decided to build a new airport for international flights. In 1978, Narita Airport opened, taking over almost all international service in the Greater Tokyo Area, and Haneda became a domestic airport.[13]

Domestic era (1978–2010)

[edit]
An aerial view of Haneda Airport in 1965 (left) and 1984 (right), showing reclamation work for runways 16R/34L and 16L/34R and Terminals 1 and 2

While most international flights moved from Haneda to Narita in 1978, airlines of the Republic of China (Taiwan) remained at Haneda Airport for many years due to the ongoing political conflict between Taiwan and the People's Republic of China (mainland China); a premise was made to prevent the carriers of both nations from crossing paths at any Japanese airport. Taipei and Honolulu flights from Haneda were served by China Airlines and were the airport's only international routes until the early 2000s.

The Transport Ministry released an expansion plan for Haneda in 1983 under which it would be expanded onto new landfill in Tokyo Bay with the aim of increasing capacity, reducing noise and making use of the large amount of garbage generated by Tokyo. In July 1988, a new 3,000-metre (9,800 ft) runway opened on the landfill. In September 1993, the old airport terminal was replaced by a new West Passenger Terminal, nicknamed "Big Bird", which was built farther out on the landfill. New runways 16L/34R (parallel) and 4/22 (cross) were completed in March 1997 and March 2000 respectively.[13]

A new international terminal opened next to the domestic terminal in March 1998. Taiwan's second major airline, EVA Air, joined CAL at Haneda in 1999. All Taiwan flights were moved to Narita in 2002, and Haneda-Honolulu services ceased. In 2003, JAL, ANA, Korean Air and Asiana began service to Gimpo Airport in Seoul, providing a "scheduled charter" city-to-city service.

In 2004, Terminal 2 opened at Haneda for ANA and Air Do; the 1993 terminal, now known as Terminal 1, became the base for JAL, Skymark and Skynet Asia Airways, and JAL expanded its footprint into the northern wing of the terminal.[25]

In October 2006, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao reached an informal agreement to launch bilateral talks regarding an additional city-to-city service between Haneda and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport.[26] On 25 June 2007, the two governments concluded an agreement allowing for the Haneda-Hongqiao service to commence from October 2007.[27] Since August 2015, Haneda also began flight services to Shanghai's other airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport (where most flights operate from Narita International Airport) which means there is no longer a city-to-city service between Tokyo and Hongqiao Airport as all flights from Haneda and Shanghai are focused at Pudong Airport.

In December 2007, Japan and the People's Republic of China reached a basic agreement on opening charter services between Haneda and Beijing Nanyuan Airport. However, because of difficulties in negotiating with the Chinese military operators of Nanyuan, the first charter flights in August 2008 (coinciding with the 2008 Summer Olympics) used Beijing Capital International Airport instead, as did subsequent scheduled charters to Beijing.[28]

In June 2007, Haneda gained the right to host international flights that depart between 8:30 pm and 11:00 pm and arrive between 6 am and 8:30 am. The airport allows departures and arrivals between 11 pm and 6 am, as Narita Airport is closed during these hours.[29][30]

Macquarie Bank and Macquarie Airports owned a 19.9% stake in Japan Airport Terminal until 2009, when they sold their stake back to the company.[31]

Second international era (2010–present)

[edit]
New air traffic control tower (right) and old tower (center)

A third terminal for international flights was completed in October 2010. The cost to construct the five-story terminal building and attached 2,300-car parking deck was covered by a private finance initiative process, revenues from duty-free concessions and a facility use charge of ¥2,000 per passenger. Both the Tokyo Monorail and the Keikyū Airport Line added stops at the new terminal, and an international air cargo facility was constructed nearby.[32][33] The fourth runway (05/23), which is called D Runway,[34] was also completed in 2010, having been constructed via land reclamation to the south of the existing airfield. This runway was designed to increase Haneda's operational capacity from 285,000 movements to 407,000 movements per year, permitting increased frequencies on existing routes, as well as routes to new destinations.[32] In particular, Haneda would offer additional slots to handle 60,000 overseas flights a year (30,000 during the day and 30,000 during late night and early morning hours).[35][36]

In May 2008, the Japanese Ministry of Transport announced that international flights would be allowed between Haneda and any overseas destination, provided that such flights must operate between 11 pm and 7 am.[35] The Ministry of Transport originally planned to allocate a number of the newly available landing slots to international flights of 1,947 kilometres (1,210 mi) or less (the distance to Ishigaki, the longest domestic flight operating from Haneda).[32]

30,000 annual international slots became available upon the opening of the International Terminal, current Terminal 3, in October 2010, and were allocated to government authorities in several countries for further allocation to airlines. While service to Seoul, Taipei, Shanghai and other regional destinations continued to be allowed during the day, long-haul services were initially limited to overnight hours. Many long-haul services from Haneda struggled, such as British Airways service to London (temporarily suspended and then restored on a less than daily basis before becoming a daily daytime service) and Air Canada service to Vancouver (announced but never commenced until Air Canada began a code share on ANA's Haneda-Vancouver flight). Delta Air Lines replaced its initial service to Detroit with service to Seattle before cancelling the service entirely in favor of the daytime services to Los Angeles and Minneapolis (although both the Detroit and the Seattle services have since resumed as daytime services).[37] In October 2013, American Airlines announced the cancellation of its service between Haneda and New York JFK stating that it was "quite unprofitable" owing to the schedule constraints at Haneda.[38]

Haneda Airport's new International Terminal has received numerous complaints from passengers using it during night hours. One of the complaints is the lack of amenities available in the building as most restaurants and shops are closed at night. Another complaint is that there is no affordable public transportation at night operating out of the terminals. The Keikyu Airport Line, Tokyo Monorail and most bus operators stop running services out of Haneda by midnight, and so passengers landing at night are forced to go by car or taxi to their destination. A Haneda spokesperson said that they would work with transportation operators and the government to improve the situation.[39]

Daytime international slots were allocated in October 2013. In the allocation among Japanese carriers, All Nippon Airways argued that it should receive more international slots than Japan Airlines due to JAL's recent government-supported bankruptcy restructuring, and ultimately won 11 daily slots to JAL's five.[37] Nine more daytime slot pairs were allocated for service to the United States in February 2016. They were intended to be allocated along with the other daytime slots, but allocation talks were stalled in 2014, leading the Japanese government to release these slots for charter services to other countries.[40] The new daytime slots led to increased flight capacity between Tokyo and many Asian markets, but did not have a major effect on capacity between Japan and Europe, as several carriers simply transferred flights from Narita to Haneda (most notably ANA and Lufthansa services to Germany, which almost entirely shifted to Haneda).[41] In an effort to combat this effect, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport gave non-binding guidance to airlines that any new route at Haneda should not lead to the discontinuation of a route at Narita, although it was possible for airlines to meet this requirement through cooperation with a code sharing partner (for instance, ANA moved its London flight to Haneda while maintaining a code share on Virgin Atlantic's Narita-London flight).[42]

An expansion of the new international terminal was completed at the end of March 2014. The expansion includes a new 8-gate pier to the northwest of the existing terminal, an expansion of the adjacent apron with four new aircraft parking spots, a hotel inside the international terminal, and expanded check-in, customs/immigration/quarantine and baggage claim areas.[43] The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport constructed a new road tunnel between the Terminal 1/2 and Terminal 3 in order to shorten the connection time.[44] Construction began in 2015 and concluded in 2020.[45]

In addition to its international slot restrictions, Haneda remains subject to domestic slot restrictions; domestic slots are reallocated by MLIT every five years, and each slot is valued at 2–3 billion yen in annual income.[46]

Haneda Innovation City, a new business hub, was built on the site of the old terminal near Tenkūbashi Station and opened on November 16, 2023.[47]

Facilities

[edit]
Airport layout

Haneda has four runways, arranged in two parallel pairs. The critical facilities of the airport such as runways, taxiways and aprons are managed by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism.[48] The Safety Promotion Center is a museum and educational center operated by Japan Airlines to promote airline safety.

Due to the airport's position between Yokota Air Base and NAF Atsugi to the west, Narita International Airport to the east, and densely populated areas of Tokyo and Kanagawa to the immediate north and west, most Haneda flights arrive and depart using circular routes over Tokyo Bay. During north wind operations (60% of the time), aircraft arrive from the south on 34L and 34R and depart to the east from 34R and 05. During south wind operations (40% of the time), aircraft depart to the south from 16L and 16R, as well as 22 between 15:00 and 18:00, and arrive either on a high-angle approach from the north on 16L and 16R over west-central Tokyo (15:00 to 18:00 only) or from the east on 22 and 23 over Tokyo Bay (all other times).[49]

Haneda Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminals 1 and 2 are connected by an underground walkway. A free inter-terminal shuttle bus connects all terminals on the landside. Terminal 1 and the domestic flight areas of Terminal 2 are only open from 5:00 am to 12:00 am. Terminal 3 and the international flight area of Terminal 2 are open 24 hours a day.

Terminal 1

[edit]

Terminal 1, nicknamed the "Big Bird", opened in 1993 replacing the smaller 1970 terminal complex, which was located where the current Terminal 3 stands. It is exclusively used for domestic flights within Japan and is served by Japan Airlines, Skymark Airlines, and StarFlyer's routes. The terminal is managed by Japan Airport Terminal Co., Ltd. (日本空港ビルディング株式会社, Nippon Kūkō Birudingu Kabushikigaisha).

The linear building features a six-story restaurant, shopping area and conference rooms in its center section and a large rooftop observation deck with open-air rooftop café. The terminal has gates 1 through 24 assigned for jet bridges and gates 31–40 and 84–90 assigned for ground boarding by bus.

Terminal 2

[edit]

Terminal 2 opened on December 1, 2004.[50] The construction of Terminal 2 was financed by levying a ¥170 (from 1 April 2011) passenger service facility charge on tickets, the first domestic Passenger Service Facilities Charge (PSFC) in Japan. The terminal is managed by Japan Airport Terminal Co., Ltd. (日本空港ビルディング株式会社, Nippon Kūkō Birudingu Kabushikigaisha).

Terminal 2 is served by All Nippon Airways, Air Do, and Solaseed Air for their domestic flights. On March 29, 2020, some international flights operated by All Nippon Airways were relocated to Terminal 2 after the addition of international departure halls and CIQ facilities (Customs, Immigration, Quarantine) in preparation for 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. However, the international departures and check-in hall was closed indefinitely on April 11, 2020, less than two weeks after its opening, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[51] International flights at Terminal 2 resumed from 19 July 2023 with the easing of COVID-19 restrictions and border controls.[52]

The terminal features an open-air rooftop restaurant, a six-story shopping area with restaurants[53] and the 387-room Haneda Excel Hotel Tokyu. The terminal has gates 51 through 73 assigned with jet bridges (gates 51 to 65 for domestic flights, gates 66 to 70 for domestic or international flights, gates 71 to 73 for international flights),[54] gates 46–48 in satellite, and gates 500 through 511 (for domestic flights) and gates 700 through 702 (for international flights) assigned for ground boarding by bus.

Terminal 3

[edit]

Terminal 3, formerly known as the International Terminal, opened on October 21, 2010 (occupying the site of the former 1970 terminal complex), replacing the much smaller 1998 International Terminal adjacent to Terminal 2. The terminal serves most of the airport's international flights, with the exception of some All Nippon Airways flights departing from Terminal 2. The first two long-haul flights were scheduled to depart after midnight on October 31, 2010, from the new terminal, but both flights departed ahead of schedule before midnight on October 30.[55] Terminal 3 is managed by Tokyo International Air Terminal Corporation (東京国際空港ターミナル株式会社, Tōkyō Kokusai Kūkō Tāminaru Kabushikigaisha).

Terminal 3 has airline lounges operated by oneworld members Japan Airlines & Cathay Pacific, Star Alliance member All Nippon Airways, [56] and SkyTeam member Delta Air Lines.[57] The terminal has gates 105–114 and 140–149 assigned with jet bridges and gates 131 through 139 assigned for ground boarding by bus.

The International Terminal was renamed to Terminal 3 on March 14, 2020, as Terminal 2 began handling some international flights operated by All Nippon Airways from March 29, 2020.[58]

Airlines and destinations

[edit]

The following airlines operate scheduled passenger flights at Haneda Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital[59]
Air Do Asahikawa, Hakodate, Kushiro, Memanbetsu, Obihiro, Sapporo–Chitose
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle[60]
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
All Nippon Airways Akita, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chicago–O'Hare, Delhi,[61] Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hachijojima, Hakodate, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City,[61] Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental,[62] Ishigaki, Iwakuni, Istanbul (begins 12 February 2025),[63] Iwami, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Kagoshima, Kobe, Kōchi-Ryoma, Komatsu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kumamoto, Kushiro, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manila, Matsuyama, Milan–Malpensa (begins 3 December 2024),[64] Miyako, Miyazaki, Monbetsu, Munich,[65][66] Nagasaki, Naha, Nakashibetsu, New York–JFK, Odate–Noshiro, Ōita, Okayama, Osaka–Itami, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Qingdao,[61] Saga, San Francisco,[67] Sapporo–Chitose, Seattle/Tacoma,[61] Seoul–Gimpo, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen,[68] Shonai, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda (begins 31 January 2025),[69] Sydney, Taipei–Songshan, Takamatsu, Tokushima, Tottori, Toyama, Ube, Vancouver, Vienna (resumes 1 August 2024),[70] Wajima, Wakkanai, Washington–Dulles,[62] Yonago
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, New York–JFK[71]
ANA Wings Nagoya–Centrair
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Gimpo,[72] Seoul–Incheon[73]
British Airways London–Heathrow[74]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Songshan
China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Daxing,[75] Shanghai–Hongqiao,[59] Shanghai–Pudong[76]
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing,[77] Guangzhou[78]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta,[79] Detroit, Honolulu,[80] Los Angeles,[81] Minneapolis/St. Paul,[82] Seattle/Tacoma[83]
Emirates Dubai–International[84]
EVA Air Taipei–Songshan
Finnair Helsinki[85]
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu[86]
HK Express Hong Kong[87]
ITA Airways Rome–Fiumicino[88]
Japan Airlines Akita, Amami Ōshima, Aomori, Asahikawa, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chicago–O'Hare,[89] Dalian,[90] Dallas/Fort Worth,[89] Delhi,[91] Doha,[92] Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hakodate, Helsinki,[93] Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu,[89] Ishigaki, Izumo, Kagoshima, Kitakyūshū, Kōchi-Ryoma, Komatsu, Kumamoto, Kushiro, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles,[89] Manila, Matsuyama, Memanbetsu, Misawa, Miyako, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, New York–JFK, Obihiro, Ōita, Okayama, Osaka–Itami, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, San Francisco, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Gimpo, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shirahama, Singapore, Sydney,[93] Taipei–Songshan, Takamatsu, Tokushima, Ube, Yamagata
Juneyao Air Shanghai–Pudong
Korean Air Seoul–Gimpo,[94] Seoul–Incheon[73]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International[95]
Peach Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong,[96] Taipei–Taoyuan
Philippine Airlines Manila
Qantas Sydney[97]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen[98]
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao,[99] Shanghai–Pudong
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Skymark Airlines Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kobe, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose, Shimojishima[100]
Solaseed Air Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Naha, Ōita
Spring Airlines Shanghai–Pudong[101]
StarFlyer Fukuoka, Kitakyūshū, Osaka–Kansai, Ube
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin[59]
Tigerair Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[102]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Guam,[103] Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
VietJet Air Da Nang, Ho Chi Minh City[104]
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi
Virgin Australia Cairns[105]

Statistics

[edit]

Source: Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism[106][107][108]

Busiest domestic routes (2024)

[edit]
Rank Airport Passengers
1. Sapporo–Chitose 9,007,372
2. Fukuoka 8,647,386
3. Naha 5,919,365
4. Osaka–Itami 5,496,982
5. Kagoshima 2,506,276
6. Kumamoto 1,971,891
7. Hiroshima 1,878,286
8. Nagasaki 1,764,870
9. Matsuyama 1,563,870
10. Miyazaki 1,423,200
11. Osaka–Kansai 1,258,675
12. Takamatsu 1,252,568

Number of landings

[edit]
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
  •   Domestic
  •   International

Number of passengers

[edit]
10,000,000
20,000,000
30,000,000
40,000,000
50,000,000
60,000,000
70,000,000
80,000,000
90,000,000
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
  •   Domestic
  •   International

Cargo volume (tonnes)

[edit]
250,000
500,000
750,000
1,000,000
1,250,000
1,500,000
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
  •   Domestic
  •   International

On-time performance

[edit]

In 2022, Haneda Airport was the most on-time international airport with the fewest delays. Flights departing Haneda had a 90.3% on-time departure rate across 373,264 total flights according to aviation analytics firm Cirium.[109]

Ground transport

[edit]
Tokyo monorail Terminal 3 Station
Keikyu Airport Line station

Haneda Airport is served by the Keikyu Airport Line and Tokyo Monorail. In addition, East Japan Railway Company (JR East) has proposed building a new Haneda Airport Access Line connecting Terminals 1 and 2 to central Tokyo by 2031.[110]

The airport is bisected by the Shuto Expressway Bayshore Route and Japan National Route 357, while Shuto Expressway Route 1 and Tokyo Metropolitan Route 311 (Kampachi-dori Ave) runs on the western perimeter. Tamagawa Sky Bridge connects the airport with Japan National Route 409 and Shuto Expressway Route K6 to the southwest across Tama River. The airport has five parkades.

Scheduled bus service to various points in the Kanto region is provided by Airport Transport Service (Airport Limousine) and Keihin Kyuko Bus. Tokyo City Air Terminal, Shinjuku Expressway Bus Terminal and Yokohama City Air Terminal are major limousine bus terminals. Emirates operates bus services to Shinagawa Station and Tokyo Station.[111]

Keisei runs direct suburban trains (called "Access Express") between Haneda and Narita in 93 minutes.[112] There are also direct buses between the airports operated by Airport Limousine Bus. The journey takes 65–85 minutes or longer depending on traffic.[113]

Accidents and incidents

[edit]
  • 24 August 1938: two civilian aircraft [ja] originating from Haneda, one operated by Japan Air Transport and another by Japan Flight School, collided into each other mid-air. All 5 crews of both aircraft died as well as 80 people on the ground in the Ōmori area of Tokyo.
  • In the span of a month in 1966, three accidents occurred at, or on flights inbound to or outbound from, Haneda.
    • 4 February 1966: All Nippon Airways Flight 60, a Boeing 727-81, crashed into Tokyo Bay about 10.4 kilometres (6.5 mi) from Haneda in clear weather conditions while on an evening approach. All 133 passengers and crew were killed. The accident held the death toll record for a single-plane accident until 1969.
    • 4 March 1966: Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 402, a Douglas DC-8-43 registered CF-CPK, descended below the glide path and struck the approach lights and a seawall during a night landing attempt in poor visibility. The flight had departed Hong Kong Kai Tak Airport and had almost diverted to Taipei due to the poor weather at Haneda. Of the 62 passengers and 10 crew, only 8 passengers survived.
    • On 5 March 1966, less than 24 hours after the Canadian Pacific crash, BOAC Flight 911, a Boeing 707–436 registered G-APFE, broke up in flight en route from Haneda Airport to Hong Kong Kai Tak Airport, on a segment of an around-the-world flight. The bad weather that had caused the Canadian Pacific crash the day before also caused exceptionally strong winds around Mt. Fuji, and the BOAC jet encountered severe turbulence that caused the aircraft to break up in mid-air near the city of Gotemba, Shizuoka Prefecture at an altitude of 16,000 feet (4,900 m), killing all 113 passengers and 11 crew. The debris field was over 16 kilometres (10 mi) long. Although there was not a cockpit voice recorder on this aircraft or any distress calls made by the crew, the investigators did find an 8mm film shot by one of the passengers that, when developed, confirmed the accident was consistent with an in-flight breakup and loss of control due to severe turbulence. There is a famous photo of the BOAC plane taxiing past the still smouldering wreckage of the Canadian Pacific DC-8 as it taxied out to the runway for its last ever takeoff.
  • 26 August 1966: A Japan Air Lines Convair 880, leased from Japan Domestic Airlines on a training flight, crashed after takeoff when after the nose lifted off, the aircraft yawed to the left. At 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) after the plane went off the runway and all the engines separated as well as the nose and left main gear. The aircraft caught fire. All five occupants died. Cause of left yaw unknown.[114]
  • 17 March 1977: All Nippon Airways Flight 817 [ja], a Boeing 727–81 flight departing from Haneda to Sendai, was hijacked by a yakuza shortly after takeoff. The aircraft quickly returned to the airport due to the hijacker firing his pistol. The hijacker locked himself inside the aircraft toilet before killing himself.
  • 9 February 1982: Japan Airlines Flight 350, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8-61, crashed on approach in shallow water 300 metres (980 ft; 330 yd) short of the runway when the captain, experiencing some form of a mental aberration, deliberately engaged the thrust-reversers for two of the four engines. Twenty-four passengers were killed.
  • 12 August 1985: Japan Airlines Flight 123, a Boeing 747SR, lost control and suffered rapid decompression 12 minutes after takeoff due to improper maintenance, leading to the aircraft having a fatal collision with Mount Takamagahara. Out of all 524 people on the flight, only four survived the crash. One of the casualties was famous Japanese singer Kyu Sakamoto. It is the deadliest single-aircraft accident in aviation history.
  • 23 July 1999: All Nippon Airways Flight 61 was hijacked shortly after takeoff. The hijacker killed the captain before he was subdued; the aircraft landed safely.
  • 27 May 2016: Korean Air Flight 2708, a Boeing 777-3B5 bound for Gimpo Airport, suffered an engine fire as it was taking off Haneda's Runway 34R. The takeoff was aborted and all passengers and crew aboard were swiftly evacuated. Investigations later determined the cause of the engine fire as an uncontained engine failure caused by maintenance crew oversight.
  • 10 June 2023, Thai Airways International Flight 683, an Airbus A330-300,[115] which was to depart from Haneda Airport for Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi collided with EVA Air Flight 189, an Airbus A330-300 headed for Taipei–Songshan.[116] No injuries were reported. However, both aircraft sustained minor damage as a result of the collision. The collision forced one of the four runways of Haneda to temporarily close for approximately two hours.[117]
  • 2 January 2024: a runway collision occurred between an Airbus A350-941 from Sapporo–Chitose and a Japan Coast Guard De Havilland Canada DHC-8-315. All 379 occupants aboard the Japan Airlines flight were evacuated, while five of the six occupants aboard the Coast Guard aircraft were killed. Both aircraft were destroyed.[118]

References

[edit]
  1. ^ "stats".
  2. ^ "Haneda Airport Facts". dobohaku.com. August 2016. Retrieved October 17, 2023.
  3. ^ "Tokyo Haneda's new runway and terminal welcome more international services; almost 50 domestic routes served". anna.aero airline route news & analysis. 20 October 2010. Archived from the original on 7 November 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  4. ^ 羽田空港の国際線拡大、欧州・東南アジア便が就航. Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 30 March 2014. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
  5. ^ 藤中 潤 (2019-11-20). "羽田発着枠拡大、ハワイ路線移管のJALが意識するANAの好調" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business.
  6. ^ "Peach to offer Tokyo-Taipei service out of Haneda Airport". Nikkei. 16 January 2015. Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2015. The [transport] ministry's strategy has been to steer budget carriers, used mainly for leisure travel, toward Narita Airport. Major airlines, used chiefly for business trips, are encouraged to fly out of Haneda.
  7. ^ Josephs, Leslie (2024-04-15). "World's busiest airports show surge in international travel. Here are the rankings". CNBC. Retrieved 2024-04-15.
  8. ^ "The World's Best Airports in 2020 are announced". Skytrax. 2020-05-11. Archived from the original on 2020-05-22. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  9. ^ Cripps, Karla. "The world's best airports for 2020, according to Skytrax". CNN. Archived from the original on 2020-05-14. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  10. ^ "The World's Best Airports in 2020 are announced". Skytrax. 2021-08-05. Archived from the original on 2021-09-08. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  11. ^ Cripps, Karla. "The world's best airports for 2020, according to Skytrax". CNN. Archived from the original on 2020-05-14. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  12. ^ 大田区ホームページ:大田区のプロフィール. www.city.ota.tokyo.jp (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Imoto, Keisuke. 羽田空港の歴史. Japan Science and Technology Agency. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  14. ^ "1938 JAT timetable". Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-10-11.
  15. ^ 羽田空港の歴史 (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Archived from the original on 2007-09-15. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  16. ^ 東京・夢の島、名前の由来は海水浴場 空港計画も. The Nikkei. 15 November 2013. Archived from the original on 16 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  17. ^ 喜多, 祐介 (13 August 2012). 羽田空港 米軍基地の記憶. NHK. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  18. ^ Susan H. Godson, Serving Proudly (Naval Institute Press).
  19. ^ "1947 – July 3 – Northwest Airlines Timetables, Route Maps and History". Airways News. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  20. ^ "Pan Am timetable, 1947". timetableimages.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  21. ^ a b 羽田空港の歴史 (in Japanese). 日本空港ビルデング株式会社. Archived from the original on 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
  22. ^ エールフランス、日本就航60周年で飛行機予想図コンテスト 大賞はビジネス航空券. Aviation Wire (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  23. ^ "All sizes – Narita 1966_0005 – Flickr – Photo Sharing!". Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  24. ^ "History of Haneda Airport | Enjoy Haneda Airport | Haneda Airport Passenger Terminal". 羽田空港旅客ターミナル. Retrieved 2023-05-05.
  25. ^ 東京国際空港(羽田)沖合展開事業について (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Archived from the original on 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  26. ^ Japan, China to consider Tokyo-Shanghai shuttle flights Archived 2007-03-11 at the Wayback Machine, Kyodo, October 10, 2006.
  27. ^ Shuttle flights to connect Tokyo, Shanghai in October Archived 2007-06-28 at the Wayback Machine, Channel NewsAsia, 25 June 2007.
  28. ^ 国交省:羽田-北京間にチャーター便 北京五輪の8月に. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). 2008-06-12. [permanent dead link]
  29. ^ "Boeing: Narita Airport Noise Regulations". Archived from the original on May 23, 2009.
  30. ^ "ANA to start Haneda-Hong Kong route in April Archived 2008-01-24 at the Wayback Machine," Daily Yomiuri Online
  31. ^ Japan Airport Rises on Plan to Buy Macquarie Shares, Bloomberg News, May 20, 2009.
  32. ^ a b c 羽田空港再拡張及び首都圏第3空港について (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Archived from the original on 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  33. ^ Nagata, Kazuaki, "Haneda new old kid on the block Archived 2010-10-23 at the Wayback Machine", Japan Times, 20 October 2010, p. 3.
  34. ^ Hnneda D-Runway Report (No. 5) To The Nex Stage Archived 2011-10-08 at the Wayback Machine, Haneda Airport Construction Office, MLIT, Japan, September 2009.
  35. ^ a b Japan to Double Haneda Airport Overseas Flight Slots, Bloomberg.net, May 20, 2008
  36. ^ International Haneda flights to double by '10 Archived 2009-09-15 at the Wayback Machine, The Japan Times, May 21, 2008.
  37. ^ a b "CAPA Profiles Japan awards international Tokyo Haneda Airport slots, but Narita Airport remains the main hub". CAPA. 9 October 2013. Archived from the original on 9 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  38. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (18 October 2013). "AA to drop JFK-Haneda route, juggle Heathrow flights". USA Today. Archived from the original on 15 November 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  39. ^ Fukada, Takahiro (7 January 2011). "Haneda's nighttime services falling short with travelers". The Japan Times. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
  40. ^ "Gov't to give slots to int'l charter flights at Haneda airport". Kyodo News. 7 January 2014. Archived from the original on 17 January 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
  41. ^ "Tokyo Haneda slot allocations fail to generate new flights as Europeans replace Narita operations". CAPA. Archived from the original on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  42. ^ Watanabe, Jun (3 October 2014). "Expanded Haneda slots creates problem for Narita, airlines". Nikkei Asian Review. Archived from the original on 27 October 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  43. ^ 報道発表資料:東京国際空港国際線旅客ターミナル拡張について – 国土交通省 (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  44. ^ 羽田、国内・国際線をトンネル接続 乗り継ぎ改善. The Nikkei. 22 September 2013. Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  45. ^ "国土交通省 関東地方整備局 東京空港整備事務所 | 事業の概要 | 空港機能の拡充". www.pa.ktr.mlit.go.jp. Retrieved 2024-04-03.
  46. ^ スカイマークに羽田36枠、国交省が発表. The Nikkei. 26 December 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  47. ^ Nagata, Kazuaki; Inoue, Yukana (2023-11-16). "Haneda's new business hub holds grand opening". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2024-04-03.
  48. ^ Case Study on Commercialization, Privatization and Economic Oversight of Airports and Air Navigation Services Providers Archived 2014-08-11 at the Wayback Machine – Air Transport Bureau, Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP) Section, ICAO. 31 January 2012.
  49. ^ "Haneda Airport for Tomorrow" (PDF). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Retrieved 2023-12-17.
  50. ^ "Haneda Airport History | Enjoy Haneda Airport | Haneda Airport Domestic Terminal". www.tokyo-airport-bldg.co.jp. Archived from the original on 2018-04-23. Retrieved 2018-04-22.
  51. ^ "羽田空港 第2ターミナル国際線施設閉鎖へ 減便相次ぎ". NHK News Web (in Japanese). NHK. 2020-04-10. Archived from the original on 2021-02-01. Retrieved 2021-01-28.
  52. ^ "Terminal 2 area for international flights to reopen at Haneda". The Asahi Shimbun. 2023-05-23. Retrieved 2023-05-28.
  53. ^ "Tokyo International ["Haneda"] Airport terminal 2: Interactive Google Street View photo and map". Geographic.org/streetview. Archived from the original on 2016-05-08. Retrieved 2016-05-02.
  54. ^ "3F | T2 (Terminal 2) | Floor Guide | Haneda Airport Passenger Terminal". Haneda Airport Passenger Terminal.
  55. ^ "Blogs". Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  56. ^ "Free Lounges, Pay Lounges and Conference Rooms". Tokyo International Air Terminal Corporation. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  57. ^ "Newest Delta Sky Club brings signature lounge experience to Haneda Airport". Delta Air Lines. 29 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  58. ^ "Notice on Terminal Name Change and Terminal 2 International Flight Launch". 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  59. ^ a b c "Mainland Chinese Carriers N23 Japan Operation – 02APR23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 4 April 2023.
  60. ^ Liu, Jim. "Air France July – October 2020 Intercontinetnal network as of 12JUL20". Airlineroute. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  61. ^ a b c d "ANA to Elevate the Global Network by Adding 5 Cities to its International Service | Press Release | ANA Group Corp.'s Information". Archived from the original on 2021-12-31. Retrieved 2019-11-22.
  62. ^ a b Airoldi, Donna (August 30, 2022). "ANA to resume, expand select U.S. routes". Business Travel News. Secaucus: Northstar Travel Group. Retrieved August 30, 2022.
  63. ^ "ANA NW24 European Network Expansion". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 19 July 2024.
  64. ^ "ANA NW24 EUROPEAN NETWORK EXPANSION". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 19 July 2024.
  65. ^ "ANA connects Tokyo with Munich again" (in German).
  66. ^ "ANA To Resume Brussels And Munich Services".
  67. ^ Liu, Jim. "ANA S20 International service changes as of 10FEB20". Routesonline. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  68. ^ "ANA 2Q23 Mainland China Service Restorations – 24APR23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  69. ^ "ANA NW24 EUROPEAN NETWORK EXPANSION". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 19 July 2024.
  70. ^ "ANA connects Tokyo with Vienna again" (PDF).
  71. ^ "American Airlines Resumes New York – Tokyo Haneda in late-June 2024". AeroRoutes. 25 February 2024.
  72. ^ Liu, Jim (11 August 2022). "Asiana Airlines September 2022 Japan Operation Changes".
  73. ^ a b "Korean Air / Asiana Airlines Resumes Seoul Incheon – Tokyo Haneda Route in NS23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 28 February 2023.
  74. ^ Joe Ellison (2022-08-26). "British Airways to restart Heathrow to Tokyo flights from November". The Points Guy UK. London: Red Ventures Europe. Retrieved 2022-08-30.
  75. ^ "China Eastern Adds Beijing – Tokyo Service From Dec 2023". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 3 November 2023.
  76. ^ "东航7月国际及地区航班计划出炉". Retrieved 10 July 2023.
  77. ^ "China Southern Adds Beijing – Tokyo Service From May 2023". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  78. ^ "Mainland Chinese Carriers NS23 International / Regional Network – 23APR23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 24 April 2023.
  79. ^ Liu, Jim. "Delta NS20 Inter-continental operations as of 05JUL20". Airlineroute. Archived from the original on 8 July 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  80. ^ "Delta Air Lines to join competition on Honolulu-Tokyo Haneda route". Aviation Week. August 30, 2023. Retrieved August 30, 2023.
  81. ^ Silk, Robert (August 16, 2022). "Delta is restarting LAX-Tokyo Haneda flights". Travel Weekly. Secaucus: Northstar Travel Group. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
  82. ^ Potter, Kyle (August 15, 2022). "Delta delays several nonstop Tokyo flights until Spring 2023". Thrifty Traveler. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  83. ^ "Delta expands Tokyo Haneda service from late-March 2020". RoutesOnline. 8 September 2019. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  84. ^ "Emirates NS23 Network Changes – 28DEC22". AeroRoutes. 29 December 2022. Retrieved 29 December 2022.
  85. ^ "Finnair continues to grow in Japan, with daily flights to Haneda Airport as of March 2020". finnair.com. 7 October 2019. Archived from the original on 31 December 2021. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  86. ^ Casey, David (30 May 2022). "Hawaiian Set To Increase Japan Connectivity". Routes. London: Informa Markets. Retrieved 30 May 2022.
  87. ^ "HK Express 4Q22 Japan Operations – 05OCT22". Aeroroutes. 6 October 2022.
  88. ^ "ITA Airways revises Tokyo service launch in Nov 2022". AeroRoutes. 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  89. ^ a b c d "Japan Airlines Adds Six Haneda Flights To The US". 19 November 2019. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  90. ^ Liu, Jim. "JAL S20 China service changes". Routesonline. Archived from the original on 13 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  91. ^ "JAL files additional S20 Tokyo Haneda International routes". Routesonline. Archived from the original on 2019-12-04. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  92. ^ "Japan Airlines Relaunches Middle East Service with Tokyo - Doha in NS24". AeroRoutes. 8 December 2023. Retrieved 13 January 2024.
  93. ^ a b Liu, Jim (2019-12-04). "JAL files additional S20 Tokyo Haneda International routes". Routes Online. Archived from the original on 2019-12-04. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  94. ^ Liu, Jim (11 August 2022). "Korean Air September 2022 Japan Operation Changes". Aeroroutes.
  95. ^ Aman, Azanis (2022-05-20). "Malaysia Airlines launches direct flights from Kuala Lumpur to Tokyo Haneda". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 2023-03-05.
  96. ^ "Peach Resumes Shanghai Service From May 2023". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 31 March 2023.
  97. ^ Ashton, Chris (21 April 2022). "Qantas delays restart of flights to Tokyo". Executive Traveller. Sydney: Business Travel Media.
  98. ^ "SAS resumes Tokyo Haneda service from late-March 2020". Routesonline. Archived from the original on 2019-12-10. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
  99. ^ "Mainland Chinese Carriers August – October 2023 Japan Network – 30JUL23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  100. ^ Liu, Jim. "Skymark Airlines adds Shimojishima service from late-Oct 2020". Routesonline. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  101. ^ "Mainland Chinese Carriers NS23 International / Regional Network – 14MAY23". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 16 May 2023.
  102. ^ "Turkish Airlines adds Tokyo Haneda service in S20". Routesonline. Archived from the original on 2019-10-18. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
  103. ^ "United Airlines gets Guam-Haneda route". Pacific Daily News. Retrieved 17 February 2024.
  104. ^ "VietJet Air Adds Tokyo Haneda Service From late-April 2023". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  105. ^ "VIRGIN AUSTRALIA ADDS CAIRNS – TOKYO HANEDA SERVICE FROM JUN 2023". Aeroroutes. 13 December 2022. Retrieved 13 December 2022.
  106. ^ For 2006 to 2015: 暦年・年度別空港管理状況調書 [Yearly airport management statistics report] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 17 August 2016. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  107. ^ For 2003 to 2012: 暦年・年度別空港管理状況調書 (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
  108. ^ 航空輸送統計調査 速報(暦年)平成28年分 (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-12-15. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
  109. ^ "Most On-Time Airlines and Airports of 2022 Unveiled by Cirium". Cirium. Retrieved 2023-02-23.
  110. ^ Buildings at Haneda Airport to Be Renamed in March 2020 Archived 2019-12-08 at the Wayback Machine – Japan Airport Terminal Co., Ltd, February 26, 2019
  111. ^ "Emirates Adds Shinagawa / Tokyo Station Bus Service From Sep 2023". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
  112. ^ "How do I get to...? Haneda Airport". Keisei Electric Railway. Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  113. ^ "Haneda-Narita timetable". Airport Limousine Bus. Archived from the original on 22 June 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  114. ^ Accident description for JA8030 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on August 26, 2021.
  115. ^ "ระทึก เครื่องบินชนกัน การบินไทย เฉี่ยวชน อีวีเอ กลางสนามบินฮาเนดะของญี่ปุ่น". Sanook.com (in Thai). 10 June 2023. Retrieved 10 June 2023.
  116. ^ "長榮航空與泰航滑行道上驚傳碰撞 羽田機場關閉跑道". United Daily News (in Chinese (Taiwan)). 10 June 2023. Retrieved 10 June 2023.
  117. ^ "Flights by Taiwan's EVA, Thai Airways clip wings at Tokyo Haneda Airport". Taiwan News. 10 June 2023. Retrieved 10 June 2023.
  118. ^ "Japan Airlines plane on fire after possible crash with Coast Guard aircraft". The Economic Times. 2024-01-02. ISSN 0013-0389. Retrieved 2024-01-02.
[edit]