Tokyo Metro 9000 series

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Tokyo Metro 9000 series
Tokyometro9000.jpg
9000 series set 19 on the Tokyu Meguro Line in February 2007
In service 1991–Present
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Constructed 1990–2009
Refurbishment 2016–
Number built 138 cars (23 sets)
Number in service 138 cars (23 sets)
Formation 6 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers 01-23
Operator(s) Tokyo Metro
Depot(s) Ōji
Line(s) served
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium
Car length 20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width 2,830 mm (9 ft 3 in)
Doors 4 pairs per side
Maximum speed 110 km/h (70 mph)
Acceleration 3.3 km/h/s[1]
Deceleration
  • 3.5 km/h/s (service)[1]
  • 4.5 km/h/s (emergency)[1]
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC
Current collection method overhead catenary
Safety system(s) CS-ATC
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The Tokyo Metro 9000 series (東京地下鉄9000系 Tōkyō Chikatetsu 9000-kei?) is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metro on the Tokyo Metro Namboku Line in Tokyo, Japan, since 1991.

Variants[edit]

Batch Set numbers Year built
Prototype 01 1990
1 02-08 1991-1992
2 09-13 1995-1996
3 14-15 1997
4 16-21 1999-2000
5 22-23 2009

As of 1 April 2015, the fleet consists of 23 six-car sets (numbered 01 to 23), all based at Oji depot in Tokyo.[2]

Prototype[edit]

A prototype four-car set was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries in 1990 (formed of cars 9101-9201-9301-9801) for testing on the Chiyoda Line prior to the opening of the Namboku Line in 1991.

1st batch[edit]

A transverse seating bay at the end of a first-batch car

Full-production four-car sets 02 to 07 were delivered in 1991 ahead of the Namboku Line opening, followed by an additional set in 1992, set 08, to act as a spare.

The original four-car sets were reformed as six-car sets coinciding with the opening of the extension of the line from Yotsuya to Komagome on 26 March 1996. This was achieved by renumbering the centre cars (9200 and 9300) of sets 02, 04, 06, and 08 as 9600 and 9700 cars which were inserted into sets 01, 03, 05, and 07. New-build (2nd batch) intermediate cars (9200-9300-9600-9700) were then inserted into sets 02, 04, 06, and 08. The resulting minor differences led to odd-numbered sets 01 to 07 being classified as "A sets", and even-numbered sets 02 to 08 becoming "B sets".

2nd batch[edit]

Four new six-car sets (09 to 13) plus the four sets of four additional intermediate cars described above were built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries between 1995 and 1996, coinciding with the opening of the extension of the line from Yotsuya to Komagome in March 1996. Floor height was reduced by 5 mm compared with the 1st-batch sets from 1,155 mm to 1,150 mm. Seat width was increased from 440 mm to 450 mm.

3rd batch[edit]

Two new six-car sets (14 and 15) were built by Tokyu Car Corporation to coincide with the opening of the extension of the line from Yotsuya to Tameike-Sannō on 20 September 1997. Externally and internally, these were identical to the 2nd-batch trains.

4th batch[edit]

Six new six-car sets (16 to 21) were built by Nippon Sharyo between 1999 and 2000 ahead of the opening of the extension of the line from Tameike-Sannō to Meguro on 26 September 2000. The motored cars 3 (9300) and 4 (9600) in these sets have only one powered bogie, as opposed to two on earlier sets.[3] Friction stir welding was used in the construction of these sets to produce a more attractive exterior finish.

5th batch[edit]

5th-batch set 23 on the Tokyu Meguro Line in July 2009

Two new six-car sets (22 and 23) entered service from 22 May 2009.[4] These include a number of design improvements over earlier sets, including a redesigned front end, single-arm pantographs, and improved air-conditioning. The number of motored cars is reduced from four to three per 6-car set, with car 3 (trailer car) numbered in the 9400 series. Car 4 (9600) has both bogies powered.[3] Seat width is increased 10 mm to 460 mm, and floor height is reduced 10 mm to 1,140 mm.[5]

Formations[edit]

Sets 01 to 21[edit]

The 1st to 4th batch sets (01-21) are formed identically as follows, with four motored ("M") cars and two non-powered trailer ("T") cars, and car 1 at the northern end.[2] Motored cars 3 and 4 in sets 16 to 21 each have only one motored bogie.[2]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Designation CT1 M1' M2' M1 M2 CT2
Numbering 91xx 92xx 93xx 96xx 97xx 98xx
  • Cars 2 and 4 each have two lozenge-type pantographs.[2]
  • Cars 2 and 5 have wheelchair spaces.[2]
  • Car 4 is designated as a "mildly air-conditioned" car.[2]

Sets 22-23[edit]

The two fifth-batch sets are formed as follows, with three motored ("M") cars and three non-powered trailer ("T") cars, and car 1 at the northern end.[2]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Designation CT1 M1' T M1 M2 CT2
Numbering 912x 922x 942x 962x 972x 982x
  • Car 2 has one single-arm pantograph, and car 4 has two.[2]
  • Cars 2 and 5 have wheelchair spaces.[2]
  • Car 4 is designated as a "mildly air-conditioned" car.[2]

Refurbishment[edit]

The early sets (01 to 08) are scheduled to undergo a programme of refurbishment from 2016, with the first treated sets returning to service from August 2016.[6] Internally, the transverse seating bays at the ends of cars will be replaced buy longitudinal bench seats, and wheelchair spaces will be added to one end of each car.[6] Externally, the refurbished sets will receive a revised livery with wavy turquoise and white stripes at waist height and shoulder height to make the line colour more visible at stations with platform edge doors.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The 地下鉄 [The Subway] (in Japanese). Japan: Sansuisha. 29 September 2004. p. 41. ISBN 4-06-366218-7. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j 私鉄車両編成表 2015 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 23 July 2015. p. 71. ISBN 978-4-330-58415-7. 
  3. ^ a b 東京地下鉄9000系5次車 [Tokyo Metro 9000 series 5th batch trains], Japan Railfan Magazine, 49 (576): 65, April 2009 
  4. ^ 東京メトロ9000系5次車が営業運転を開始 [Tokyo Metro 9000 series 5th batch trains enter service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 24 May 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  5. ^ 平成21年春 東京メトロ南北線に新造車両導入 [New trains entering service on Tokyo Metro Namboku Line in spring 2009]. News release (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyo Metro. 28 January 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c 南北線9000系車両をリニューアルします [Namboku Line 9000 series to be refurbished] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: Tokyo Metro. 29 March 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 

External links[edit]