Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
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|Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building|
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building No.1
Shinjuku, Tokyo 163-8001 Japan
|Construction started||April 1988|
|Owner||Tokyo Metropolitan Government|
|Roof||242.9 meters [797 ft]|
|Floor area||195,764 m2 [2,107,190 sq ft]|
|Design and construction|
|Structural engineer||Kiyoshi Mutō|
The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building (東京都庁舎 Tōkyō-to Chōsha), also referred to as Tochō (都庁) for short, houses the headquarters of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, which governs the special wards, cities, towns and villages that constitutes the whole Tokyo Metropolis.
Located in Shinjuku, the building was designed by architect Kenzo Tange. It consists of a complex of three structures, each taking up a city block. The tallest of the three is Tokyo Metropolitan Main building No.1, a tower 48 stories tall that splits into two sections at the 33rd floor. The building also has three levels below ground. The design of the building was meant to resemble an integrated circuit, while also evoking the look of a Gothic cathedral.
The other two buildings in the complex are the eight-story Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly Building (including one underground floor) and Tokyo Metropolitan Main Building No.2, which has 37 stories including three below ground.
The two panoramic observation decks, one in each tower on floor 45 (202 meters [663 ft] high), are free of charge to the public and contain gift shops and cafes. The observation decks are open between 9:30 – 23:00, but the two observation decks alternate the dates they are open.
The building was designed by Kenzo Tange and finished in December 1990 at the expense of ¥157 billion (about US$ 1 billion) of public money. It replaced the former Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building at Yūrakuchō, which was built in 1957 and also designed by Tange. The former Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building is now the site of the Tokyo International Forum.
In popular culture
Though it has not gained the same degree of worldwide recognition as Tokyo Tower or Tokyo Skytree, the Metropolitan Government Building has come to represent the city in its own right. It frequently appears in Japanese science fiction and anime such as Digimon Tamers as a symbol of authority or in type scenes depicting a futuristic or post-apocalyptic Shinjuku. The building made its first major appearance in the 1991 Godzilla film Godzilla vs. King Ghidorah, where it appears in the first part of the film's climactic battle between Godzilla and Mecha-King Ghidorah. The two monsters fight at the foot of the skyscraper, with Godzilla eventually crashing through the building's midsection. The building is also used as a design for the Citadel in the Crown City of Insomnia in Final Fantasy XV.
- "Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building 1". SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
- Kenzo Tange: Multifaceted Colossus Who Mirrored the Era (in Japanese). Nikkei Architecture – Nikkei BP. 2005. p. 118. ISBN 4-8222-0476-6.
- "Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building Observatories". Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- "About Tokyo Government Building – Tokyo Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tokyo Metropolitan Government Buildings (1991).|
- Map showing the buildings and its neighborhood
- Tokyo Metropolitan Government Buildings
- Guide to the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building Tour (in Japanese)
- CityMayors.com feature
- 3D model of the building for use in Google Earth
- Tokyo Metropolitan Government Complex
- Wheelchair Accessibility Information
| Tallest building in Japan
243 m (797 ft)
Yokohama Landmark Tower
| Tallest building in Tokyo
243 m (797 ft)