TMS Entertainment

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TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd.
Native name
Kabushiki-gaisha Tomusu Entateinmento
Formerly called
  • Tokyo Movie (1964–1976)
  • Tokyo Movie Shinsha (1976–1991)
  • TMS Kyokuichi (1991–2001)
Kabushiki gaisha
Industry Animation studio
Founded August 1964; 53 years ago (1964-08)
Founder Yutaka Fujioka
Headquarters Nakano, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Hideki Okamura
Parent Sega Holdings

TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. (株式会社トムス・エンタテインメント, Kabushiki-gaisha Tomusu Entateinmento), formerly known as Tokyo Movie Shinsha (東京ムービー新社, Tōkyō Mūbī Shinsha), also known as Tokyo Movie or TMS-Kyokuchi, is a Japanese animation studio founded in 1964.

TMS is one of the oldest anime studios in Japan; best known for produced numerous anime franchises such as Lupin the 3rd, Detective Conan, Bakugan, D.Gray-man, and Sonic X and feature-length films Akira and Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland, alongside animation works for western animation such as Animaniacs, Batman: The Animated Series, Ducktales, Spider-Man: The Animated Series and Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears.

The company has animation subsidiaries collaborating in conjunction with the company, Telecom Animation Film (TAF), which co-animates shows with TMS. In 2010, TMS Entertainment became a wholly owned subsidiary for Sega Sammy Holdings in the entertainment and contents business.[1]


Foray into animation[edit]

The Tokyo Movie Shinsha logo.

The company was originally established in 1946,[2] however, the company started its venture into the animation industry under the name Tokyo Movie (東京ムービー, Tōkyō Mūbī) in 1964 by Yutaka Fujioka after his previous studio, Tokyo Ningyo Cinema failed.[3][4] The first production of the studio was an animated adaptation of Osamu Tezuka's Big X. Tokyo Movie collaborated with a company called A production.[citation needed] Notable figures in A production include Daikichirō Kusube, Osamu Kobayashi and Tsutomu Shibayama, most of Tokyo Movie's animation productions would be made with A production.[citation needed]

Hayao Miyazaki was also associated with Tokyo Movie before founding Studio Ghibli.[5] He co-directed Lupin III with Isao Takahata, provided the screenplay and key animation for Panda! Go Panda!, provided key animation for the first episode of Tokyo Giants, provided the original concept for Jungle Kurobe, provided the director role for Lupin III: Tales of the Wolf, provided key animation for the Ulysses 31 pilot in conjunction with Diffusion Information Communication, provided the director role for The New Adventures of Zorro, provided key animation for the Inspector Gadget pilot, and provided the chief director role for season 1 of Sherlock Hound.[original research?] However, this most notable work is his role as the director of The Castle of Cagliostro, which is notable for being Hayao Miyazaki's first feature-length debut.[citation needed] Miyazaki eventually left to form Studio Ghibli.

In 1972, Madhouse was established with funding from Fujioka, and co-produced its earliest series with Tokyo Movie.[citation needed] In 1977, Fujioka reformatted Tokyo Movie into Tokyo Movie Shinsha. Its first production was Lupin the Third Part II, which aired in 1977–1980. The movie adaptation, The Mystery of Mamo, was the first feature-length movie produced in the studio's history. Another TMS subsidiary, Telecom Animation Film, was founded in 1975, but didn't start production until after Tokyo Movie was restructured.[citation needed]

In 1989, TMS released Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland in Japan and the United States. The movie was infamous for being in Development hell with figures such as George Lucas, Chuck Jones, Hayao Miyazaki, and Gary Kurtz being involved with the movie before dropping out. The movie was released as a commercial failiure, and in response to this, Fujioka decided to retire from the animation business. TMS, having to recoup Little Nemo's losses, increased production on locally based anime programs and became highly involved in animation for Western-based productions, including Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Batman: The Animated Series.[6]

Throughout the 1980s and the 1990s, TMS animated for various companies, including DiC, Walt Disney Television Animation, Warner Bros. Animation, Marvel Films Animation, Shogakukan Music & Digital Entertainment,[7] and outsourced to smaller studios such as Telecom Animation Film, Ajia-do, Magic Bus, Studio Jungle Gym, Nakamura Production, Tokyo Kids, DR Movie, and Orange.[citation needed]

Animators at TMS would leave to form other studios, like many artists had done at other studios over the years in Japan. One of those studios that they left to form was Spectrum Animation, who helped produce various episodes of Batman: The Animated Series.

Partnership with Sega[edit]

On July 1st 1991, Tokyo Movie Shinsha's holding company changed their name to Tokyo Movie Kyokuichi. On August 4th 1992, Tokyo Movie Kyokuichi formed a capital and business alliance with Sega Enterprises. Notable collaborations between the two included Astal, Sonic Jam and Burning Rangers. On 1995, Tokyo Movie Kyokuichi merged with the Tokyo Movie Shinsha Co. Ltd, animation production company. In 1996, the Los Angeles studio division was established for overseas TMS animation, and in 2000, the company was re-branded as TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd.

In 2001, the Paris studio division was established.[2] In 2003, American brokerage group Merrill Lynch became the second-largest shareholder in TMS Entertainment Ltd. after acquiring a 7.54 percent stake in TMS. Merrill Lynch purchased the stake purely for investment purposes and had no intention of acquiring control of the firm’s management.[8] On October 17, 2005, Sega Sammy Holdings announced that they acquired 50.2% majority stake in TMS Entertainment and subsidized the studio under Sega Sammy Holdings.[9] In 2006, the Los Angeles studio was renamed to TMS Entertainment, USA, Inc. In 2007, the subsidiaries TMS Music (UK) Ltd. and TMS Music (HK) Ltd. were established.

On December 22nd 2010, Sega Sammy Holdings acquired the remaining outstanding shares of TMS Entertainment, thus making TMS Entertainment a wholly owned subsidiary of Sega Sammy Holdings. In 2012, the head office of TMS Entertainment was relocated to Nakano, Tokyo,[2] On April 27th 2015, TMS Entertainment was reorganized into Sega Holdings as part of its entertainment and contents division.[10] In April 2017, Sega's CG production division Marza Animation Planet was restructured into TMS Entertainment from Sega Holdings.[11]

TMS Entertainment/Telecom Animation productions[edit]


Television series[edit]


Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
Big X TBS 1964
Obake no Q-tarō TBS 1965–1967
Perman TBS 1967–1968
Kyojin no Hoshi Yomiuri TV 1968–1971
Kaibutsu-kun TBS 1968–1969
Umeboshi Denka TBS 1969
Roppō Yabure-kun Nagoya Broadcasting Network 1969
Moomin Fuji TV 1969–1970
Attack No. 1 Fuji TV 1969–1971


Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
Chingō Muchabe
Shin Obake no Q-Tarō Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1971–1972
Tensai Bakabon Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1971–1972
Lupin The Third Part I [12] Yomiuri TV 1971–1972
Akadō Suzunosuke Fuji TV 1972–1973
Dokonjō Gaeru ABC 1972–1974
Arano no Isamu Fuji TV 1973–1974
Karate Baka Ichidai NET 1973–1974
Aim for the Ace! Mainichi Broadcasting System 1973–1974
Samurai Giants Yomiuri TV 1973–1974
Judo Sanka Nippon TV 1974
Hajime Ningen Gyatruz ABC 1974–1976
Ganba no Bōken[12] Nippon TV 1975
Gensō Tensai Bakabon Nippon TV 1975–1977
Hana no Kakarichō TV Asahi 1976–1977
Shin Kyōjin no Hoshi Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1977–1978
Hyouga Senshi Guyslugger TV Asahi 1977
Nobody's Boy: Remi Nippon TV 1977–1978
Lupin III Part II [12] Nippon TV 1977–1980
Treasure Island (with Madhouse) Nippon TV 1978–1979
New Aim For the Ace Nippon TV 1978–1979
Shin Kyōjin no Hoshi 2 Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1979
The Rose of Versailles Nippon TV 1979–1980


Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
Mū no Hakugei Yomiuri TV 1980
Tetsujin 28-go [12] (1980s series; known as The New Adventures of Gigantor in the U.S.) Nippon TV 1980–1981
Ashita no Joe 2 Nippon TV 1980–1981
Ohayo! Spank ABC 1981–1982
Shin Dokonjō Gaeru Nippon TV 1981–1982
Ulysses 31 [13] 1981–1982
Rokushin Gattai God Mars Nippon TV 1981–1982
Jarinko Chie MBS 1981–1983
Acrobunch Nippon TV 1982
Donde Monpe 1982–1983
Ninjaman Ippei Nippon TV 1982
Space Cobra [12] Fuji TV 1982–1983
Perman TV Asahi 1983–1985
Lady Georgie TV Asahi 1983–1984
The Super Dimension Century Orguss [13] MBS 1983–1984
Cat's Eye [12] NTV 1983–1984
Lupin III Part 3 [12] YTV 1984–1985
God Mazinger NTV 1984
Mighty Orbots 1984
Sherlock Hound ABC 1984–1985
Onegai! Samia Don (based on Five Children and It by E. Nesbit) NHK 1985–1986
Robotan YTV 1986
Honey Bee in Toycomland (Bug-tte Honey) 1986–1987
Anpanman[14] NTV 1988–


Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
Mischievous Twins: The Tales of St. Clare's NTV 1991
Kinkyū Hasshin Saver Kids TV Tokyo 1991–1992
Ozanari Dungeon OVA 1991
Jarinko Chie: Chie-chan Funsenki MBS 1991-1992
I and Myself: The Two Lottes (based on Das Doppelte Lottchen, or Lottie and Lisa, or The Parent Trap by Erich Kästner) NTV 1991–1992
Tetsujin 28 FX[12] NTV 1992–1993
A Dog of Flanders NTV 1992–1993
Red Baron[13] NTV 1994–1995
Magic Knight Rayearth[12] YTV/NTV 1994–1995
Virtua Fighter[12] (anime television series) TV Tokyo 1995–1996
Kaitō Saint Tail ABC 1995–1996
Case Closed/Detective Conan [12] YTV/NTV 1996–
B't X[12] TBS 1996
Wankorobe TV Tokyo 1996–1997
Devil Lady[12] MBS 1998–1999
Monster Farm: Enban Ishi no Himitsu TBS 1999–2000
Shūkan Storyland NTV 1999–2001
Gozonji! Gekko Kamen-kun TV Tokyo Oct. 17, 1999–Mar. 26, 2000
Karakurizōshi Ayatsuri Sakon WOWOW Nov. 1999–Apr. 2000


Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
Magic Ball Mondo the 2000 Feb.–Jul. 2000
Monster Rancher Apr.–Sept. 2000
Tottoko Hamtaro (Hamtaro) Jul. 2000–2006
Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Children (first series) Oct. 2000–Nov. 2001
Project ARMS Apr. 2001–Mar. 2002
Secret of Cerulean Sand (with Telecom Animation Film, a division of TMS) Jan.–Jun. 2002
Cheeky Angel Jun. 2002–Mar. 2003
Star of the Giants [Tokubetsu Hen]: Mōko Hanagata Mitsuru Oct. 2002; all episodes
Sonic X Apr. 6, 2003–Mar. 28, 2004 (An additional 26 episodes aired in the United States)
Rumic Theater Jul.–Sept. 2003
Kousetsu Hyaku Monogatari Oct. 3, 2003–Dec. 26, 2003
Mermaid Forest Oct. 4–Dec. 20, 2003
PoPoLoCrois (2nd Series) Oct. 5, 2003–Mar. 28, 2004
Aishiteruze Baby Apr.–Oct. 2004
Extra Boy Apr.–Dec. 2004
Monkey Punch Manga Katsudō Daishashin (Mankatsu) Jul. 2004–Jun. 2005
Gallery Fake Jan.–Sept. 2005
Buzzer Beater Feb.–Apr. 2005
Glass Mask Apr. 2005–2006
The Snow Queen May. 2005–Feb. 2006
Fighting Beauty Wulong[12] 2005–2006
Mushiking: King of the Beetles 2005–2006
Angel Heart[12] Oct. 2005–Sept. 2006
D.Gray-man Oct. 3, 2006–Sept. 30, 2008
Shijou Saikyou no Deshi Kenichi Oct. 2006–Sept. 2007
Pururun! Shizuku-Chan Oct. 2006–Sept. 2007; Oct. 7, 2007–Sept. 2008
Bakugan Battle Brawlers (with Japan Vistec) Apr. 2007–Mar. 2008
Kaze no Shōjo Emily Apr.–Sept. 2007
Noramimi 2008
Itazura na Kiss[14] Apr. 4–Sept. 25, 2008
Telepathy Shōjo Ran Jun. 21, 2008
Live On CardLiver Kakeru 2008
Bakugan Battle Brawlers: New Vestroia (with Japan Vistec) Apr. 2009–May 2010
Mamegoma 2009
Genji Monogatari Sennenki 2009


Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
Bakugan: Gundalian Invaders (with Japan Vistec) May 2010–Jan. 2011
Hime Chen! Otogi Chikku Idol Lilpri 2010
Cardfight!! Vanguard series Jan. 2011–Sept. 2016
Bakugan: Mechtanium Surge (with Japan Vistec) Feb. 2011–Jan. 2012
Sengoku Otome: Momoiro Paradox 2011
Lupin the Third: The Woman Called Fujiko Mine[12] 2012
Zetman 2012
Kamisama Kiss 2012
Bakumatsu Gijinden Roman 2013
Yowamushi Pedal 2013
The Pilot's Love Song 2014
Hero Bank Apr. 2014–Mar. 2015
Gugure! Kokkuri-san 2014
Hi sCoool! SeHa Girl 2014
Kamisama Kiss 2015
Jitsu wa Watashi wa 2015
Lupin the Third Part 4 (with Telecom Animation Film) 2015
Phantasy Star Online 2: The Animation (by Telecom Animation Film) 2016
Bakuon!! 2016
Kamiwaza Wanda 2016–2017
D.Gray-man Hallow 2016
Orange (with Telecom Animation Film) 2016
ReLIFE[14] 2016
Sweetness and Lightning (with Shin-Ei Animation) 2016
All Out!! (with Madhouse and Telecom Animation Film) 2016
Trickster (with Shin-Ei Animation) 2016
Nobunaga no Shinobi 2016
Bananya 2016
Nana Maru San Batsu 2017
Sora to Umi no Aida 2018

Feature length films[edit]

× - Pilot film to a later television series / ×× - Film that tied into the original TV series

Title Distributor Year(s)
Panda! Go, Panda! (featurette) 1972
Panda! Go, Panda!: The Rainy Day Circus (featurette) 1973
The Mystery of Mamo (later subtitled Lupin tai Clone in Japanese — subtitled The Mystery of Mamo in English) 1978××
Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro 1979××
Makoto-chan 1980
Chie the Brat 1981
Ashita no Joe 2 1981××
Space Adventure Cobra 1982×
Golgo 13: The Professional 1983
The Legend of the Gold of Babylon 1985**
Akira 1988
Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland (Japanese-American theatrical film co-production) 1989
The Adventures of Ganba and Sea Otter 1991
Farewell to Nostradamus 1995
Lupin III: Dead or Alive 1996
Lupin the 3rd vs. Detective Conan: The Movie 2013××
Lupin the 3rd: Daisuke Jigen's Gravestone 2014
Orange: Future (co-production with Telecom Animation Film) 2016××
Lupin the 3rd: Goemon Ishikawa's Spray of Blood 2017

Television feature length/specials[edit]

Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
Bōchan June 1980
Nijū-yon [24] no Hitomi October 1980
Sugata Sanshirō 1981
Son Goku: Silk Road o Tobu!! 1982
Annual Lupin III TV movies 1989–present
Soreike! Anpanman
Minami no Umi o Sukae 1990
Kieta Jam Oji-san 1993
Keito no Shiro no Christmas 1995
Magic Knight Rayearth: Zokan go 1995

Original video animation[edit]

Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
2001 Nights 1987
Ace o Nerae! 2: Stage 1-6 March 1988
The Untold Legend June 1988
The Fuma Conspiracy December 1988
Return of the Magician 2002
Ace o Nerae!: Final Stage 1989
Tengai makyo: Jiraiya Oboro Hen July 1990
(Office Lady) Kaizō Kōza November 1990
Katsugeki Shōjo Tanteidan December 1990
Wizardry February 1991
Shizuka Narudon April 1991
Ozanari Dungeon September 1991
Christmas Da! Minna Atsumare! (annual Christmas releases) 1992–present
Maps 1994
Otanjōbi Series 1995
Magic Knight Rayearth July 1997
B't X NEO August 1997
Glass Mask: Sen no Kamen o Motsu Shōjo 1998
Aoyama Gōshō Tanhenshū 1999
Karakuri no Kimi 2000
Azusa, Otetsudai Shimasu! 2004
Hamtaro Premium (4 OVAs) 2002–2004
Saint Seiya: The Lost Canvas 2009–2011

Video games[edit]

Title Developer Contribution Year
The Adventures of Batman & Robin Clockwork Tortoise Lost episode cutscenes 1995
Astal Sega Cutscenes 1995
Sonic Jam Sonic Team Man of the Year short 1997
Burning Rangers Sonic Team Cutscenes 1998

Foreign production history[edit]

TMS Entertainment/Telecom Animation Film[edit]

Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
The Blinkins 1984
Mighty Orbots September 8, 1984 – December 15, 1984
Sherlock Hound 1984 – 1985
Sweet Sea 1986
Galaxy High [15] September 13 – December 6, 1986
Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland July 15, 1989
Reporter Blues 1991 – 1996
Soccer Fever April 4, 1994 – April 3, 1995
Cybersix (Japanese/Canadian co-production with NOA) September 6 – November 29, 1999

DiC Entertainment[edit]

Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
Ulysses 31 October 10, 1981 – April 3, 1982
Inspector Gadget September 12, 1983 – February 1, 1986
The Littles September 10, 1983 – November 2, 1985
Rainbow Brite June 27, 1984 – July 24, 1986
Heathcliff and the Catillac Cats September 5, 1984 – 1988
Here Come the Littles May 24, 1985
The Real Ghostbusters September 13, 1986 – September 5, 1992
Dennis the Menace September 22, 1986 – March 26, 1988
Kissyfur September 13, 1986 – August 25, 1990
Sylvanian Families September 18 – December 11, 1987
ALF: The Animated Series September 26, 1987 – January 7, 1989
Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog September 6, 1993 – November 24, 1996

Disney Television Animation[edit]

Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
The Wuzzles CBS September 14 – December 7, 1985
Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears (Season 1 to 5) NBC
September 14, 1985 – February 22, 1991
Fluppy Dogs ABC November 27, 1986
DuckTales (Season 1) Syndication September 18, 1987 – November 28, 1990
The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (Season 1 and half of Season 2) ABC January 17, 1988 – October 26, 1991
Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers (Season 1) Syndication August 27, 1988 – November 19, 1990
Gargoyles (Assistance for Walt Disney Animation Japan, "Hunter's Moon, Part 2") October 24, 1994 – February 15, 1997
The Tigger Movie (Assistance for Walt Disney Animation Japan) February 11, 2000

Warner Bros. Animation[edit]

Title Distributor Year(s)
Tiny Toon Adventures September 14, 1990 – May 28, 1995
How I Spent My Vacation March 11, 1992
Batman: The Animated Series September 5, 1992 – September 15, 1995
Animaniacs September 13, 1993 – November 14, 1998
Pinky and the Brain ("A Pinky and the Brain Christmas") September 9, 1995 – November 14, 1998
The Sylvester and Tweety Mysteries September 9, 1995 – February 12, 2000
Superman: The Animated Series September 6, 1996 – February 12, 2000
Waynehead (Opening) October 19, 1996 – May 17, 1997
The New Batman Adventures September 13, 1997 – January 16, 1999
Wakko's Wish July 26, 1999
Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker December 12, 2000
Green Lantern: First Flight July 28, 2009
Justice League: Doom February 28, 2012
Superman vs. The Elite June 12, 2012

Other productions[edit]

Title Broadcast network(s) Year(s)
The New Adventures of Zorro September 12 – December 5, 1981
Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers September 14 – December 11, 1986
Bionic Six April 6 − November 12, 1987
Visionaries: Knights of the Magical Light September 21 – December 14, 1987
Peter Pan and the Pirates September 8, 1990 – September 10, 1991
Spider-Man: The Animated Series November 19, 1994 – January 31, 1998
An American Tail 3: The Treasure of Manhattan Island November 16, 1998


  1. ^ "Notice Concerning Exchange of Shares to Convert Sammy NetWorks Co., Ltd., SEGA TOYS CO., LTD. and TMS ENTERTAINMENT, LTD. into Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS INC" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings Inc. 27 August 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. Company Profile". 2015-03-31. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  3. ^ "思い出のキャラ図鑑". Retrieved 2015-12-04. 
  4. ^ "TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. Company". Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  5. ^ "Hayao Miyazaki //". 1941-01-05. Retrieved 2017-01-08. 
  6. ^ "テレコム・アニメーションフィルム オフィシャルサイト". Retrieved 2017-01-08. 
  7. ^ "About us | テレコム・アニメーションフィルム オフィシャルサイト". Retrieved 2017-01-08. 
  8. ^ "Merrill Lynch ups stake in TMS". The Japan Times. 2003-12-31. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  9. ^ Clements, Jonathan; McCarthy, Helen (2014). The Anime Encyclopedia: A Century of Japanese Animation (3rd ed.). Stone Bridge Press. p. 850. ISBN 9781611720181. 
  10. ^ "Company Profile: History". TMS Entertainment. December 20, 2017. Retrieved December 20, 2017. 
  11. ^ "ABOUT". MARZA ANIMATION PLANET. December 20, 2017. Retrieved December 20, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Title List Action and Adventure". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c d "Title List Science Fiction". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Title List Family Entertainment". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  15. ^ Patten, Fred (September 15, 2013). "The "Teenagers From Outer Space" Genre". Cartoon Research. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]