Tolaki language

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Tolaki
Native toIndonesia
RegionSulawesi
Native speakers
330,000 (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3lbw
Glottologtola1247[2]

Tolaki (To'olaki) is the major language of Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is an Austronesian language of the Celebic branch.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[3][4]
Labial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
prenasal ᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative β s h
Lateral l
Trill r

/b/ and /d/ are optionally realized as imlosives [ɓ] and [ɗ].

Vowels[3]
Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tolaki at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tolaki". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Zalili Sailan and La Ode Sidu Marafad and Gusarmin Sofyan and Sahlan, and Hamuni. 1995. Tata Bahasa Tolaki. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
  4. ^ Mead, David. 1998. Proto–Bungku-Tolaki: Reconstruction of its phonology and aspects of its morphosyntax . PhD dissertation. Houston: Rice University, p. 19. hdl:1911/19290