Toledo, Washington

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Toledo, Washington
Shops on Cowlitz Street, Toledo, Washington (2019)
Shops on Cowlitz Street, Toledo, Washington (2019)
Location of Toledo, Washington
Location of Toledo, Washington
Coordinates: 46°26′21″N 122°50′53″W / 46.43917°N 122.84806°W / 46.43917; -122.84806Coordinates: 46°26′21″N 122°50′53″W / 46.43917°N 122.84806°W / 46.43917; -122.84806
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyLewis
Area
 • Total0.40 sq mi (1.03 km2)
 • Land0.39 sq mi (1.02 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
121 ft (37 m)
Population
 • Total725
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
751
 • Density1,906.09/sq mi (735.95/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
98591
Area code(s)360
FIPS code53-71785
GNIS feature ID1512731[4]
Websitewww.toledowa.us

Toledo is a city in Lewis County, Washington, United States. The population was 725 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Toledo was officially incorporated on October 10, 1892. Toledo was named by Celeste Rochon after a pioneer side wheel paddle steamer operated by Captain Oren Kellogg of the Kellogg Transportation Company.[5] The boat traveled the Cowlitz River. A picture of the riverboat is hanging downtown next to the drugstore. However, it wasn't the first non-Indigenous settlement in Lewis County, as the Pugets Sound Agricultural Company opened and maintained the Cowlitz Farm in 1839, near Toledo.

The first school in Toledo was called the OK School. It was a one-room schoolhouse. Most of the kids that lived out of the town limits had to ride a boat across the river to and from school until the bridge was built.

The school district consolidated 33 separate one-room schools in 1922. The mascot of the Toledo Schools is the Indians. The current middle school was originally the high school until the new high school was built in 1974. While the middle school was being remodeled in 1995, the children were relocated for the year to St. Mary's Church and School.

The Class of 1988 commissioned a totem pole from a chainsaw artist. This pole was presented to the high school by the class and continues to grace the front entrance. Since 1922, the school has used the "Indian" as the School's mascot. The Cowlitz Indian Tribe officially endorsed this mascot by Tribal Council action in February, 2019.

Artwork in the high school includes two Remington bronzes, an oil portrait of David Ike, last full-blooded Cowlitz Indian and several carvings by indigenous artists. Gary Ike, a long-time supporter of the school and its programs, is honored throughout the school and athletic venues in thanks for his many years of service to the school and community.

In November, 2018, the community voted to build a new high school. Using funds from a special state grant, a new high school will be constructed on the site of the existing school.

Geography[edit]

Toledo is located at 46°26′21″N 122°50′53″W / 46.43917°N 122.84806°W / 46.43917; -122.84806 (46.439283, -122.848191).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.40 square miles (1.04 km2), all of it land.[7]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Toledo has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[8]

Climate data for Toledo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
72
(22)
80
(27)
89
(32)
93
(34)
97
(36)
102
(39)
104
(40)
100
(38)
96
(36)
71
(22)
62
(17)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 45.3
(7.4)
50.8
(10.4)
55.5
(13.1)
60.4
(15.8)
67
(19)
72.4
(22.4)
78
(26)
78.8
(26.0)
74.1
(23.4)
62.9
(17.2)
51.1
(10.6)
44.9
(7.2)
61.8
(16.6)
Average low °F (°C) 33.2
(0.7)
34.1
(1.2)
36.3
(2.4)
39
(4)
43.7
(6.5)
48.2
(9.0)
50.4
(10.2)
50
(10)
46
(8)
41.1
(5.1)
37.7
(3.2)
34.2
(1.2)
41.2
(5.1)
Record low °F (°C) 0
(−18)
3
(−16)
12
(−11)
23
(−5)
26
(−3)
31
(−1)
31
(−1)
31
(−1)
25
(−4)
16
(−9)
3
(−16)
−2
(−19)
−2
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 6.93
(176)
5.04
(128)
4.8
(120)
3.16
(80)
2.29
(58)
2
(51)
0.74
(19)
1.43
(36)
2.31
(59)
3.73
(95)
6.33
(161)
6.91
(176)
45.66
(1,160)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.9
(4.8)
0.4
(1.0)
0.8
(2.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
0.8
(2.0)
4.4
(11)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 20 17 19 15 12 10 5 7 10 14 19 21 169
Source: [9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890276
19002853.3%
191037531.6%
1920324−13.6%
193053063.6%
1940523−1.3%
195060215.1%
1960499−17.1%
197065431.1%
1980637−2.6%
1990586−8.0%
200065311.4%
201072511.0%
Est. 2017751[3]3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2015 Estimate[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 725 people, 274 households, and 199 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,812.5 inhabitants per square mile (699.8/km2). There were 304 housing units at an average density of 760.0 per square mile (293.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.0% White, 2.6% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.0% of the population.

There were 274 households of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 20.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.4% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 35.2 years. 28.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 14.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 653 people, 265 households, and 182 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,947.3 people per square mile (741.5/km²). There were 283 housing units at an average density of 843.9 per square mile (321.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.26% White, 0.61% African American, 2.30% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 1.53% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.90% of the population. 18.9% were of American, 13.7% German, 9.9% Irish, 8.0% English and 5.7% Dutch ancestry. 97.5% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 265 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,271, and the median income for a family was $31,833. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $19,271 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,483. About 9.3% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.6% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Toledo is a fairly Republican area, although less so than most of Lewis County; nearby Vader voted for Democrat John F. Kerry. The results for the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election were as follows:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Toledo". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  5. ^ "Toledo". Washington Place Names database. Tacoma Public Library. Archived from the original on 2009-03-09. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Toledo, Washington
  9. ^ "TOLEDO, WASHINGTON (458500)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  11. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.