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|Comune di Tolentino|
Tolentino within the Province of Macerata
|Province / Metropolitan city||Macerata (MC)|
|• Mayor||Giuseppe Pezzanesi (PdL)|
|• Total||94.86 km2 (36.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||256 m (840 ft)|
|Population (28 February 2009)|
|• Density||210/km2 (560/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Catervus|
|Saint day||October 17|
It is located in the middle of the valley of the Chienti.
Numerous tombs, from the 8th to the 4th centuries BCE, attest to the presence of the Piceni culture at the site of today's city, Roman Tolentinum, linked to Rome by the via Flaminia. Tolentinum was the seat of the diocese of Tolentino from the late 6th century, under the patronage of the local Saint Catervo. The urban commune is attested from 1099, assuming its mature communal form between 1170 and 1190, settling its boundaries through friction with neighboring communes like S. Severino and Camerino. From the end of the 14th century, the commune passed into the hands of the da Varano family and then the Sforza, before becoming part of the Papal States until the arrival of Napoleon.
In 1815, at the battle of Tolentino, Joachim Murat was decisively defeated by Frederick Bianchi at the head of Austrian forces, resulting in his abdication. Tolentino returned to papal control until Italian unification in 1861.
In the late 19th century industrial development decisively linked Tolentino economically to the rest of Italy.
The municipality borders with Belforte del Chienti, Camporotondo di Fiastrone, Colmurano, Corridonia, Macerata, Petriolo, Pollenza, San Ginesio, San Severino Marche, Serrapetrona, Treia and Urbisaglia.
Tolentino counts the hamlets (frazioni of Abbadia di Fiastra, Acquasalata, Ancaiano, Asinina, Bura, Calcavenaccio, Casa di Cristo, Casone, Cisterna, Collina, Colmaggiore, Divina Pastora, Fontajello, Fontebigoncio, Grazie, Maestà, Massaccio, Pace, Parruccia, Paterno, Pianarucci, Pianciano, Pianibianchi, Portanova, Rambona, Rancia, Regnano, Ributino, Riolante, Rofanello, Rosciano, Rotondo, Sant'Andrea, Sant'Angelo, San Bartolomeo, Santa Croce, San Diego, San Giovanni, San Giuseppe, Santa Lucia, San Martino, San Rocco, Salcito, Santissimo Redentore, Troiano, Vaglie and Vicigliano.
Tolentino is home to ARENA, the swimwear brand, and Poltrona Frau, the noted designer of leather furniture and automotive interiors — as well as the Poltrona Frau Museum, designed by Italian architect Michele De Lucchi, to display furniture products.
- Chiaravalle Abbey
- Basilica of San Nicola
- Church of San Francesco
- Church of Santa Maria della Tempesta
- Church of San Catervo
- Castello della Rancia
- Niccolò Mauruzi da Tolentino (1350 – c. 1435), mercenary
- Nicola Vaccai (1790–1848), musician
- Mario Mattoli (1898–1980), film director
Tolentino is about 60 kilometres (37 mi) from the western Flaminia insertion to Rome and 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the Adriatic sea and A14 highway to the east: the SS77 highway connects the town to both these state routes. There are bus lines from here to the nearby minor towns and villages and a railway leading from Civitanova to Fabriano. The nearest major airport is Falconara (Ancona), about 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Tolentino but linked by highway, and there is a tiny airstrip for ultralight aviation in the town's immediate surroundings.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Tolentino.|