Tolga, Norway

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Tolga kommune
Gata Tolga.jpg
Coat of arms of Tolga kommune
Official logo of Tolga kommune
Tolga within Innlandet
Tolga within Innlandet
Coordinates: 62°24′5″N 11°1′20″E / 62.40139°N 11.02222°E / 62.40139; 11.02222Coordinates: 62°24′5″N 11°1′20″E / 62.40139°N 11.02222°E / 62.40139; 11.02222
CountryNorway
CountyInnlandet
DistrictØsterdalen
Established1 Jan 1838
 • Created asFormannskapsdistrikt
Disestablished1 Jan 1966
 • Succeeded byTolga-Os Municipality
Re-established1 Jan 1976
 • Preceded byTolga-Os Municipality
Administrative centreTolga
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Bjørnar Tollan Jordet (SV)
Area
 • Total1,122.61 km2 (433.44 sq mi)
 • Land1,097.27 km2 (423.66 sq mi)
 • Water25.34 km2 (9.78 sq mi)  2.3%
 • Rank#99 in Norway
Population
 (2021)
 • Total1,563
 • Rank#299 in Norway
 • Density1.4/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Decrease −7.2%
Demonym(s)Tolging[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNeutral
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-3426
WebsiteOfficial website

Tolga is a municipality in Innlandet county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Østerdalen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Tolga. The municipality is bordered in the east by the municipality of Tynset, in the south by Rendalen, and in the east by Engerdal and Os, all in Innlandet county.

The 1,123-square-kilometre (434 sq mi) municipality is the 99th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Tolga is the 299th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,563. The municipality's population density is 1.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.6/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 7.2% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General information[edit]

Tolga Church

The parish of Tolgen was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). On 1 January 1911, the new municipality of Engerdal was established. The southeastern portion of Tolga (population: 201) was separated from Tolga and merged with portions of neighboring Øvre Rendal, Ytre Rendal, and Trysil to create this new municipality. On 1 July 1926, the northern parish of Os (population: 1,936) was separated to become the new municipality of Os. This left Tolga with 1,917 residents. In 1927, a small part of Tolga (population: 18) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Os.[5]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1966, the neighboring municipalities of Tolga (population: 1,944) and Os (population: 2,015) were merged to form the new municipality of Tolga-Os. This merger was not well received by the residents and soon after the merger, they began working towards separating once again. On 1 January 1976, the municipality of Tolga-Os was divided into the municipalities of Tolga (population: 1,865) and Os (population: 1,859), using their historic borders from before 1966.[5]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old "Tolga" farm because the first Tolga Church was built here (in 1688). The farm is named after the small Tolga river, and the river name is probably derived from the word toll, which means '(young) pine (tree)'. Prior to 1918, the name used the older spelling of Tolgen.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 14 July 1989. The arms show a gold bell on a red background. Tolga was home to the smeltehytte (a smelting hut) from 1666 to 1871. The bell represents the old bell in the town square at the center of the village of Tolga. The smeltery was important because of the prevalence of mining in the area.[7][8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Tolga. It is part of the Nord-Østerdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Hamar.

Churches in Tolga
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Hodalen Hodalen Church Hodalen 1934
Holøydalen Holøydalen Church Øversjødalen 1908
Tolga Tolga Church Tolga 1840
Vingelen Vingelen Church Vingelen 1880

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Tolga, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elects a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Østre Innlandet District Court and the Eidsivating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Tolga is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Tolga Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:15
Tolga Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [11][12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:15
Tolga Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:15
Tolga Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Free Voters (Frie Velgere)1
Total number of members:15
Tolga Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Free Voters (Frie Velgere)1
Total number of members:15
Tolga Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2 FFFF
Total number of members:19
Tolga Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Free Voters (Frie Velgere)3
Total number of members:19
Tolga Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Free Voters (Frie Velgere)2
Total number of members:19
Tolga Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:19
Tolga Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:19
Tolga Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Free Voters (Frie Velgere)6
Total number of members:19
Tolga Kommunestyre 1976–1979* [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Free Voters (Frie Velgere)5
Total number of members:19
Note: On 1 January 1976, the municipality of Tolga-Os was divided into the two municipalities of Tolga and Os.
Tolga Kommunestyre 1964–1966* [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:17
Note: On 1 January 1966, the neighboring municipalities of Tolga and Os were merged to form the new municipality of Tolga-Os.
Tolga Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:17
Tolga Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)10
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:17
Tolga Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)11
Total number of members:16
Tolga Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)11
Total number of members:16
Tolga Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:16
Tolga Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:16
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Mayor[edit]

The mayors of Tolga (incomplete list):

Geography[edit]

Tolga lies in the northeastern part of Innlandet county. The river Glåma runs through the municipality. The mountains Håmmålsfjellet and Elgspiggen both lie on the municipal boundaries. The lake Langsjøen is located just south of the village of Øversjødalen in the southeastern part of the municipality.

Notable people[edit]

Tone Hulbækmo, 2008

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2021). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2021). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Hedmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (3 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 412.
  7. ^ "Fakta om kommunen" (in Norwegian). Tolga kommune. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  10. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Innlandet". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2015 - Hedmark". Valg Direktoratet.
  12. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Innlandet". Valg Direktoratet.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938.

External links[edit]