Toll roads in Australia

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EastLink nortbound toll gantry near Wellington Road in Rowville Victoria

This article lists and outlines tollways or toll roads in Australia. Tollways are found in the eastern states of New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. All are currently within the urban limits of Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane.

Melbourne's CityLink tollway (M1 and M2 sections) carry the highest volume of traffic and also generate the highest revenue of all the tollways (by a substantial amount). This is mainly due to the necessary cross-city and North (Melbourne Airport-bound) corridors. Each respective city uses a different retailer to collect tolls, such as CityLink in Melbourne, e-Way, e-Toll, Roam and Transurban Linkt in Sydney and Linkt (formerly known as go via) in Brisbane.

Most tollways operate an open system of toll collection (tolls are collected at a barrier or mainline toll plaza). The Westlink M7 is Closed System where tolls are calculated based on distance from entry/exit points. e-TAG was developed by Transurban (the owner and operator of CityLink in Melbourne in the 1990s in preparation for what would be one of the worlds first 'fully electronic' tollways. Since July 2013 all toll roads in Australia adopted a cashless system. Free-flow tolling is used on some tollways, including Melbourne's EastLink tollway where either an e-TAG or an account (tag-less) can be used via each gantry. Queensland also has motorways that have been converted into tollways or new tollways constructed, which use the electronic method.

According to Professor Mark Hickman, the chair of Transport at the University of Queensland's School of Civil Engineering, toll roads in Australia have not reached expected traffic volumes and do not always relieve congestion in the short-term.[1]

Current toll roads[edit]

Toll Road[2][3][4][5] Location Toll Point A$ revenue (million) 2007 trips/transactions (Mil) 2007 A$ Tolls 2008
CityLink (Southlink) (Westlink) Pascoe Vale to Malvern, Vic Multiple Gantry 362.8 247.9 1.65 to 6.21
Sydney Harbour Tunnel Sydney to North Sydney, NSW Milsons Point (Southbound) 43.7 unknown 3.00
Eastern Distributor Woolloomooloo, NSW Woolloomooloo (Northbound) 75.3 17.4 5.50
Sydney Harbour Bridge Sydney to North Sydney, NSW Millers Point (Southbound) 85.91 unknown 3.00
Lane Cove Tunnel Artarmon to North Ryde, NSW Gantry unknown unknown 2.69
Hills Motorway North Ryde to Baulkham Hills, NSW North Ryde 120.6 33.8 4.95 to 6.60
South Western Motorway Beverly Hills to Moorebank, NSW Booth/Gantry at Hammondville 163.6 42.3 3.80
Westlink Baulkham Hills to Prestons, NSW Multiple Gantry 153.2 41.8 0.44 to 6.58
Cross City Tunnel Sydney, NSW Gantry at Sydney unknown unknown 4.07
EastLink Ringwood to Frankston, Vic Multiple Gantry n/a n/a 0.33 to 4.96
Gateway Motorway becomes at 8 Mile Plains Banyo to Drewvale, Qld Murarrie and Kuraby 90.6 33.6 2.90
Logan Motorway Gailes to Loganholme, Qld Heathwood and Meadowbrook 69.9 37.2 2.00 to 3.20
Clem Jones Tunnel Woolloongabba to Bowen Hills, Qld Bowen Hills n/a n/a 4.28
Airport Link Windsor to Clayfield, Qld Windsor and Clayfield n/a n/a 3.82 to 4.98
Go Between Bridge West End to Milton, Qld West End n/a n/a n/a
Legacy Way Toowong to Kelvin Grove, Qld Toowong n/a n/a 3.00
Military Road E-Ramps Neutral Bay, NSW Neutral Bay 1.62

Former toll roads[edit]

Toll Road Location Toll Point Operated Until
Western Motorway Lidcombe to Granville, NSW Auburn 2010 (15 February)
Sunshine Motorway Maroochydore to Pacific Paradise, Qld Pacific Paradise 1996, toll removed.
Southern Freeway (F6) Waterfall to Bulli Tops, NSW Waterfall 1995 (30 July)
Sydney-Newcastle Freeway (F3) Berowra to Calga, NSW Berowra 1988
West Gate Bridge Port Melbourne to Spotswood, Vic Port Melbourne 1985
Hornibrook Bridge Brighton to Clontarf, Qld Clontarf 1979 (Demolished) Replaced with (toll free) Houghton Highway 1979 and Ted Smout Memorial Bridge 2010
Walter Taylor Bridge Chelmer to Indooroopilly, Qld Indooroopilly 1960's, toll removed.
Story Bridge Fortitude Valley to Kangaroo Point, Qld Kangaroo Point 1947, toll removed.
Springbrook Road Neranwood to Springbrook, Qld Neranwood 1945 (30 November)
Great Ocean Road Eastern View to Apollo Bay, Vic Eastern View 1936 (2 October) toll removed and road handed over to the Victorian Government

Future toll roads[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tony Moore (19 March 2015). "Brisbane's toll tunnels fail to cut rising travel times: RACQ". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  2. ^ Transurban, security holder review
  3. ^ Linton Besser (27 September 2008). "The bleeping price we paid to drive". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  4. ^ Sydney Morning Herald: Bridge toll props up harbour tunnelBridge toll props up harbour tunnel (13 December 2007)
  5. ^ Qld Motorways - 2007 Annual Report