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Temporal range: Late Oligocene to present
Giant armadillo.jpg
Captive giant armadillo in Colombia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cingulata
Family: Chlamyphoridae
Subfamily: Tolypeutinae

Tolypeutinae is a subfamily of armadillos in the family Chlamyphoridae, consisting of the giant, three-banded and naked-tailed armadillos. The subfamily is the sister group of Chlamyphorinae, the fairy armadillos.[2][3][4] It contains the following three extant genera:[5]


  1. ^ Gardner, A. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 94–95. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Moller-Krull, M.; Delsuc, F.; Churakov, G.; Marker, C.; Superina, M.; Brosius, J.; Douzery, E. J. P.; Schmitz, J. (November 2007). "Retroposed Elements and Their Flanking Regions Resolve the Evolutionary History of Xenarthran Mammals (Armadillos, Anteaters, and Sloths)". Mol. Biol. Evol. 24 (11): 2573–2582. doi:10.1093/molbev/msm201. PMID 17884827. 
  3. ^ Gibb, G. C.; Condamine, F. L.; Kuch, M.; Enk, J.; Moraes-Barros, N.; Superina, M.; Poinar, H. N.; Delsuc, F. (2015-11-09). "Shotgun Mitogenomics Provides a Reference Phylogenetic Framework and Timescale for Living Xenarthrans". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 33 (3): 621–642. doi:10.1093/molbev/msv250. 
  4. ^ Delsuc, F.; Gibb, G. C.; Kuch, M.; Billet, G.; Hautier, L.; Southon, J.; Rouillard, J.-M.; Fernicola, J. C.; Vizcaíno, S. F.; MacPhee, R. D. E.; Poinar, H. N. (2016-02-22). "The phylogenetic affinities of the extinct glyptodonts". Current Biology. 26 (4): R155–R156. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2016.01.039. 
  5. ^ "Tolypeutinae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Guillaume Billet, Lionel Hautier, Christian de Muizon and Xavier Valentin (2011). "Oldest cingulate skulls provide congruence between morphological and molecular scenarios of armadillo evolution". Proceedings of the Royal Society. 278: 2791–2797. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2443.